Dating violence pdf

Asian Sexual Politics: Respectful, Honest Talk

2017.10.19 04:36 asianblazin Asian Sexual Politics: Respectful, Honest Talk

A subreddit for the Asian diaspora to banter about sexual politics- respectfully, away from racism and misogyny.
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2016.08.29 00:06 throwawaytriggers ExChristian Women

**Welcome to ExChristian Women!** This subreddit is for all the brave ExChristian Women to have a community to discuss our experiences of leaving the faith and building a life outside of it.
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2020.12.03 22:51 The-Morningstar Not all TMI is bad

This happened a few years ago, between my first and second years of grad school. It was summer, and I had scored a last-minute internship with a small ad agency several states away from where I lived. Luckily, I have family who live in the same city, so I was able to stay with my aunt, uncle, and cousin for two months I was interning.
My relatives are great, and a lot of fun to hang out with! (This was the summer Pokemon Go came out, and we got a lot of mileage out of that one.) All the same, I was still a twentysomething extrovert in a new city-- obviously, I started meeting people through Tinder. That summer was a parade of weirdness, including such hits as The Guy Who Sent Hilariously Over-Posed Nudes From His Workplace and The Guy Who I Thought Ghosted Me But Was In Fact Hospitalized Following A Suicide Attempt.
The difference between those guys and the subject of this story is that, unfortunate nudes and mental health struggles aside, they were both very nice people. This guy...not so much.
The city where I was staying is home to a pretty sizeable Navy base, so a lot of the guys I came across were military. As a rule, I don't go for anyone whose profession involves combat, weapons, or violence in general, like military, cops, boxers, etc. But, I figured, this was just for the summer! So when I hit it off with this Navy MP, I agreed to an in-person date.
Given that I was dating quite a bit, I made a habit of always meeting guys at the same pub/restaurant down in Town Center. So we arranged to meet there, and when the night came, I went through my usual first-date routine: get there half an hour early, do a shot of gnarly bottom-shelf tequila to calm my nerves, and start in on beer #1. About halfway through that beer, in comes my date, resplendent in a rhinestone-studded Affliction t-shirt the likes of which I hadn't seen on a real person in at least five years. Little did I know, the bad wardrobe was the least of his issues.
Pretty much right off the bat, I was a little uncomfortable-- he talked about doing drugs, which really isn't my thing, and made a lot of "beaner" and "wetback" jokes (which, like Affliction, I hadn't encountered in a hot minute). He was Latino, so it wasn't like he was being racist, but I'm white and feel weird laughing at racial jokes, so that was fun. The more awkward I feel, the more I drink, so, bottoms up! But then it went from mere bad first date etiquette to...a little troubling.
Basically, he committed the cardinal first date sin of bringing up his ex-girlfriend. Actually, multiple ex-girlfriends. And some common threads emerged pretty quickly. Namely that he had treated them all like princesses, and they had all been unfaithful to him. He had been the perfect boyfriend, and they were all evil Jezebels! His utter belief in his own victimhood was uncomfortable, to say the least, especially combined with the sneering disgust that dripped off each sentence. I'm pretty sure every woman knows that a guy bringing up his ex unprompted and reciting a litany of her sins against him is a big ol' red flag. I had already decided by this point that we probably wouldn't be going out again.
At some point, I made a joke in passing about the fact that the uncle I was staying with is a retired Senior Chief and ~could totally Look Him Up~. Ha ha, a fun joke! Or so I thought. Apparently, he took it seriously, because he then, oh-so-casually but very deliberately, discloses that a woman in his unit had accused him of raping her.
Look at him go, ladies and gentlemen! Like a stage magician pulling a string of red flags, one after the other, from his sleeve!
He went on to say that it was, of course, total bullshit. "She just wanted to get the hell out of Bahrain and thought it would get her reassigned." This was absolutely no big deal to him, and he painted it as typical of "females" in the military. If I hadn't before, I would've gotten the sense at that point that, for all he ostensibly liked me (or at least wanted a shot at sleeping with me), he had a decidedly shitty view of women in general.
Around this point, I stopped ordering beers and instead ordered myself some fries. It was time to sober up and bail.
Unfortunately, sobering up took a minute, and in that time, he went on to tell me about another "false" rape accusation in his life. This time, it was his little half-sister accusing their father of molesting her. This, again, was no big deal to him-- she was lying, of course, under the direction of "her bitch mother" who thought it would get her sole custody. Yet another tally in the "How Much Does This Guy Hate Women?" column, and the pure vitriol in his voice when he talked about this literal child was disturbing.
Now, regardless whether any of these accusations were true or just as unfounded as he portrayed them, he had chosen to bring up:
all over the course of like two (2) hours with a woman he barely knew. He spoke in a non-derogatory way about exactly one woman: his abuela. Every other woman he had ever met was, in his eyes, a liar, a slut, a bitch, a manipulator, or some combination thereof. Thankfully, I sobered up pretty quickly after that and declined his offer to walk me to my car.
Once I was home, I shook it off pretty easily-- misogynist pricks exist, unfortunately. But the more I thought about it, the next day and many times since, the more I realized it was one of those situations that could have gone Really, Really Badly. Had I let him walk me to my car, I would've been in a dark, half-empty parking garage with a guy who at BEST lowkey hates women, and at worst actually raped a woman and casually mentioned it to me over drinks. (Before dogging out a child who was potentially the victim of sexual abuse.)
The red flags from that one conversation alone were so huge and so obvious that, had something happened, my credibility would've been shot. People would have come out in droves to say I was at fault for putting myself in that situation with someone who was so clearly disturbed. I honestly thank God nothing came of it, because it was another sad case of victim-blaming waiting to happen.
*
For the record, false reports of rape only make up about 2% to 10% of all accusations (and that's out of the 37% that even get reported at all-- an estimated 63% never are). So folks, if anyone ever tells you that they were accused of rape but that it's Totally Untrue, Of Course...run, don't walk, in the other direction. Better to be safe than sorry.
submitted by The-Morningstar to creepyencounters [link] [comments]


2020.12.02 08:35 RachelNorth Serious concerns about Crisis Pregnancy Centers

How many of you have heard pro-lifers mention Crisis Pregnancy Centers (also called Pregnancy Resource Centers or Pregnancy Support Centers) when talking about how Pro-Lifers support pregnant women? I just finished watching Vice News about Crisis Pregnancy Centers which is why I’m writing this. Did you know that Crisis Pregnancy Centers far outnumber abortion clinics and that they receive state and federal funding, despite using false advertising and deceptive practices to get women in the door?
In my experience, these Crisis Pregnancy Centers are often used as examples of how Pro-Lifers actually do love women and want to help. A pro-life podcast I listen to in an attempt to learn how the other side thinks (it’s called Explicitly Pro-Life) seems to truly believe that simply having thousands of Crisis Pregnancy Centers in the US will be the answer for a “Post-Roe America.” But do these places actually provide a worthwhile and necessary service that benefits pregnant women?
Do any of you have any experience with these Crisis Pregnancy Centers? Have you ever been fooled into entering one, seeking an abortion or birth control?
These Crisis Pregnancy Centers have multiple problems. They are often located in very close proximity to facilities where abortions are performed. This is intentional, an attempt to cross paths with someone experiencing an unplanned pregnancy before they enter an abortion clinic. They purposely look like medical clinics and have names that might make them appear to be abortion providers when in reality they are not medical facilities at all.
Most of these clinics are staffed with untrained and unlicensed personnel, generally pro-life volunteers who have no medical training. Since they aren’t medical facilities, they don’t face the same regulations or scrutiny that medical facilities that provide birth control, STD testing and abortions do. Many of these facilities perform pregnancy tests and ultrasounds despite having no medical knowledge or training.
One of the biggest concerns is that these facilities are trying to delay abortion access. That is the whole point, to prevent abortion, one pregnancy at a time. Many women likely assume that facilities where employees are dressed in scrubs, performing pregnancy tests and ultrasounds and teaching clients about abortion risks are actual medical facilities that can at least provide referrals to abortion clinics. Their ultimate goal is to prevent women from accessing an abortion until it’s altogether too late or at least much more difficult. As you can imagine, an untrained volunteer waving an ultrasound wand around is in no position to reliably date a pregnancy.
They also “educate” pregnant women about the dangers of abortion, including false information about abortion increasing the risk of breast cancer, all abortions leading to future fertility problems and frequent mental health problems after abortions, so-called post-abortion-syndrome. They will lie to scare women who want abortions, trying to manipulate them into carrying their pregnancy to term.
“Abortions are least complicated and more accessible, both legally and medically, within the first trimester.” Most facilities will perform abortions until 13 weeks. If these facilities can prevent a woman from having an abortion until after that point, it will be much more challenging for her to access an abortion. “The introduction of a delay in obtaining access to abortion services can have an especially harmful impact on young and socioeconomically disadvantaged women. Teenagers, on average, take longer to suspect pregnancy than do older women; teenagers, poorly educated and poor women take longer than older, better educated and higher income women to confirm a pregnancy once they suspect one.38 In addition, women aged 18–21 and lower income women generally have abortions later than do older and higher income women.38-40 Consequently, the women who seek care at crisis pregnancy centers are likely to be farther along in their pregnancies than women who seek abortions elsewhere, and if they wish to terminate their pregnancy, they require immediate referral to a facility that provides abortions.” https://www.guttmacher.org/journals/psrh/2012/09/public-health-risks-crisis-pregnancy-centers
Most of these facilities are run by pro-life, evangelical volunteers. Women who go in for a pregnancy test and test negative are in an excellent position to be educated on pregnancy and STD prevention, as they are likely engaging in high risk behaviors. Unfortunately these facilities often only educate on abstinence if the woman is unmarried or natural family planning if she is married. I assume most of us are aware how ineffective abstinence-only education is in public schools, I estimate it’s even less effective when you have someone in front of you who is already engaging In unprotected sex. Obviously they cannot prescribe birth control since they have no training and aren’t medical facilities.
“The majority of teenagers who visit clinics to get a pregnancy test are not pregnant.43 However, some of them are engaging in high‐risk sexual behavior and are at significant risk of contracting STDs and of becoming pregnant. In one study, 33% of teenagers who had a negative pregnancy test at a community clinic became pregnant within 18 months.44
When informing clients of a negative pregnancy test, community clinics have a brief window in which to provide contraceptive information and STD counseling to a population in need of these services.”
Possibly also of interest to you guys, Here is a story about a young woman who was raped and then went to a mobile pregnancy resource center called “iChoice” (hmm, I wonder why they picked that name?) wanting an abortion. The volunteer there expressed repeated doubt about whether she was actually raped and pressured her to have an ultrasound, telling her they could identify the gender despite the fact that she was only about 5 weeks pregnant. She eventually had an abortion and felt tremendous guilt which she identifies as a result of her experience at “iChoice” (they have since changed their name.) https://www.inlander.com/spokane/offering-free-pregnancy-tests-and-ultrasounds-crisis-pregnancy-centers-try-to-slow-down-thoughts-of-abortion-in-an-ultimate-quest-to-stop-i/Content?oid=19092292
Also of concern, abortion clinics located in close vicinity to Crisis Pregnancy Centers are more likely to face violence and harassment:
“According to the survey results, a real clinic that is located near a fake clinic was seven times more likely to experience high levels of severe violence and harassment than one that is not located near a fake clinic – a whopping 21% compared to only 2.9%. And a real clinic that is near a fake clinic was twice as likely to experience moderate levels of severe violence and harassment than one that is not located near a fake clinic —35% compared to 17.6%. Anecdotal evidence suggests more and more fake clinics, especially mobile fake clinics, are collaborating with – or being directed by - anti-abortion extremists targeting abortion providers.” https://feminist.org/anti-abortion-violence/images/2018-national-clinic-violence-survey.pdf
Here’s another interesting study: https://journalofethics.ama-assn.org/article/why-crisis-pregnancy-centers-are-legal-unethical/2018-03
While this is just a personal experience, I thought I’d add it anyway since it’s the reason I originally learned about these places and felt the need to share the problems they are creating, especially after watching a story about them on Vice. One of my friends in high school got pregnant when she was 15. She suspected she was pregnant and went to one of these places and thought it was an abortion clinic and wasn’t told otherwise. She had a positive pregnancy test followed by an ultrasound and was told she was 7 weeks pregnant. She thought she had plenty of time to make a decision and went to Planned Parenthood approximately 3 weeks later, only to find out she was 16 weeks pregnant. She wanted an abortion but because she was so far along it wasn’t feasible for her to get an abortion at this point. Her parents were both religious and would not have supported her decision, this took place in WA state where there aren’t parental notification laws and it’s possible she would have qualified for state funding to pay for the procedure. If she would have been referred to Planned Parenthood or gone there originally she could have had an early second trimester abortion which would have been low risk and relatively inexpensive. Instead she carried her unwanted pregnancy to term and gave her son up for adoption. We are no longer close but I can’t help but wonder how that single decision to walk into that Crisis Pregnancy Center permanently altered the course of her life.
Unfortunately these are the people these places target: young, uneducated and poor. Women who may be more easily swayed to continue their pregnancy. Unfortunately these places seem to provide very little assistance after the window to have an abortion has passed. Some will provide diapers or baby clothes with strings attached, often requiring women to attend parenting classes they host that have religious components. Many women who end up continuing their pregnancies have significant needs which these centers are completely unable to address including inadequate access to food, safe housing and prenatal care. Sometimes these centers are even receiving tax dollars even though the “service” they provide is clearly inadequate to fill the gap if Roe were to be overturned and that money could be better spent to help those that choose to carry their pregnancy to term.
If you’re interested, here is a less than 20 minute video from Vice discussing these places: https://video.vice.com/en_us/video/fake-abortion-clinics/55e0dbc4ca0b0b2c784ce599
In the video they have a clip of pro-life activists, Abby Johnson, talking about how it’s important to look like a medical facility to confuse those seeking abortions and tricking them into the pregnancy center instead. They also show how these Pregnancy Clinics will refuse to discuss pricing over the phone if someone calls to schedule an abortion, instead telling them they can only discuss prices in person. They also mis-date pregnancies by 2 weeks, similar to what happened to my friend, likely because they lack medical training and to try and make abortions more difficult to access. These are all concerning behaviors.
Did you know these clinics were so widespread in the US? What do you think is the best way to protect women from these clinics which are intentionally set up to make it more difficult to access abortion? We’re you aware that they receive federal and state tax dollars in some instances?
I apologize for the length of the post.
submitted by RachelNorth to prochoice [link] [comments]


2020.12.01 21:58 IZ0LATION missing out on dating and relationships in your teenage years (and i'd say even in your early 20s) is harmful

A lot of people will tell you that missing out on dating and relationships in your teenage years or even your young adulthood is no big deal and that there's so much more ahead. Nope. Not really. Once you get to your 30s, you aren't in your youth anymore. At that age, your body physically rots. Your skin gets rougher and wrinklier, you get a couple of gray hairs, your testosterone decreases and your energy decreases, you're more likely to have a receding hairline, your looks decline and you missed out on the most social time of your life: high school and college.
People will say "but teenagers don't know how to handle relationships or teenagers often have it awkward when they try sex because it's their first time" but first of all, anyone who loses their virginity has it initially awkward or painful regardless of age and second of all, in your teenage years, people are learning how to start relationships, and when you're an adult, everyone knows how to do it and has experience while you never learned how to yet, making you interpersonally behind. And teenagers don't necessarily have relationships problems, adults do too. Intimate partner violence is most common among 18-34 year olds.
Here's some data to look at:
In a pivotal study about involuntary celibacy from 2001 called Involuntary Celibacy: A Life Course Analysis, researchers talked to three involuntarily celibate groups of people: Involuntary virgins (those who never had sex and still are sexually inexperienced), singles (those who had sexual experience in the past but no longer are able to, and a good amount of these people resorted to hookers or even sexual surrogates), and partnered celibates (those who are married or in a relationship but their partner won't have sex). 91% of the virgins said they never dated as teenagers, compared to 52% of singles. Here is an important quote:
"In summary, while most of our sample had discussed sex with friends and experimented with masturbation as teens, most of the virgins and singles did not date. Singles were similar to partnered persons in terms of first sexual experiences, while the majority of virgins reported first sexual experiences that did not include another person. As the data illustrates, virgins and singles may have missed important transitions, and as they got older, their trajectories began to differ from those of their age peers. As Thorton (1990) noted, patterns of sexuality in young adulthood are significantly related to dating, steady dating, and sexual experience in adolescence. It is rare for a teenager to initiate sexual activity outside of a dating relationship. Thus, persons reaching young adulthood without dating may have missed an important opportunity for sexual experience. While virginity and lack of experience are fairly common in teenagers and young adults, by the time many of our respondents reached their mid-twenties they reported feeling left behind by age peers. We suspect that this is especially true for gay, lesbian, and bisexual youth. In fact, all eight of the nonheterosexual respondents in our sample were either virgins or singles. As previous researchers have shown, a major reason for becoming off time in making sexual transitions is the process of coming out to oneself and others (Gonsiorek & Rudolph, 1991). Even for the heterosexuals in our study, however, it appears that lack of dating and sexual experimentation in the teen years may be precursors to problems in adult sexual relationships."
In the study Sexuality and Autistic-Like Symptoms in Juvenile Sex Offenders: A Follow-Up After 8 Years, a study primarily about juvenile sex offenders and autism, the researchers wrote briefly about teenage romance, writing:
"The foundation for a healthy sexuality in adulthood lies in childhood and adolescence, with the discovery of one's own sexuality oftentimes going in phases. A large population study in the Netherlands amongst 7841 boys and girls aged 12–25 has shown that half of all 15-year-old adolescents have been intimate with a partner (e.g., touching each other’s genitalia). At age 16, half of all youths have experience with mutual masturbation and at age 17, half of all youths have experienced sexual intercourse and/or oral sex. Eventually, relationships and sexual intimacy become more serious; relationships last longer and are more exclusive, eventually leading to the ‘adult’ model of a committed relationship."
Other studies also confirm the importance of experiencing dating and relationships in the teenage years. For example, in the study Sexuality (and Lack Thereof) in Adolescence and Early Adulthood: A Review of the Literature., the authors wrote:
“One study showed that adult virgins have higher odds of being overweight and of being perceived as physically unattractive. Four additional studies reported that adult virgins have greater probabilities of never having been in a romantic relationship. Moreover, in a qualitative study conducted among 82 involuntary celibate adults aged 18 to 64 years, Donnelly and colleagues found that nearly all adult virgins never dated anyone, including in adolescence. Thus, findings converge to support the importance of romantic and sexual experiences during adolescence for ongoing romantic and sexual development in adulthood. Additionally, this study revealed that these adult virgins perceived themselves as being very shy and unable to establish social contacts, and reported body image issues, such as being overweight and perceiving their physical appearance to be an obstacle to their sexuality.”
The authors of Has Virginity Lost Its Virtue?: Relationship Stigma Associated With Being A Sexually Inexperienced Adult. also confirmed that experiencing sexual activity and relationships late in life is harmful, writing: "Because intimate relationships are essential to well-being, especially across the adult life course, it seems that being a late bloomer with sexual debut could be associated with negative social and interpersonal consequences."
And if you think you can find your first partner that easily in adulthood, you're wrong. Quite the opposite is true, especially for virgin men. Many women won't date a virgin. In fact, a study showed that many virgins refuse to date virgins (although another study shows that virgins are willing to date virgins).
According to a study in The Journal of Sex Research, people are judgmental towards virgins in real life, not just in movies or television shows. In the first part of the study, researchers asked 560 heterosexual adults ages 18 to 71, about a quarter of whom were virgins, to rate their agreement with statements like "I feel that I am odd or abnormal because of my level of sexual experience" and "People treat me differently because of my level of sexual experience." Researchers discovered that virgins—but not those who were very sexually experienced—perceived a lot of stigma and exclusion around their sex lives. Then, the researchers asked another group of 4,934 single, heterosexual adults 21 and over, "How likely are you to consider getting into a committed relationship with someone who is a virgin?" The results confirmed the first findings: People rated their likelihood of dating a virgin at a 2.41, below the scale's midpoint of 2.5. The researchers also found that virgins were even less likely than non-virgins to be willing to enter a relationship with another virgin. Nonetheless, mysteriously, another study shows that virgins are more willing than non-virgins to date other virgins. In the third part of the study, college students ranked dating profiles of virgins and non-virgins, and the latter were again considered more desirable dates. Nonetheless, in this case, virgins were more willing than the rest of the population to dating another virgin. In a survey conducted by Match.com among single men and women who are non-members of Match.com (i.e.: not members of Match.com), 42% of respondents said they refuse to date a virgin (51% of women, compared to only 33% of men). Younger single adults were less willing to date a virgin than older single adults.
So as you can see, many people won't date you when they discover that you're a virgin, and lying is pointless, because they'll know when they see how you act during sex.
Citations
TL;DR: when people are in their teenage years, they typically first experience relationships, or sex or dating, and the ones who don't will usually experience it in college. If you miss out on your teenage years and early 20s, you will be interpersonally behind because you didn't start relationships and knowing how to handle them while everyone else is more skilled at it than you.
submitted by IZ0LATION to ForeverAlone [link] [comments]


2020.11.29 15:36 Rabsus Recontextualizing the American Civil Rights Movement

With racial injustice being a hot topic today I would like to take some time to critique the conventional narrative of the American Civil Rights Movement, strictly defined as 1955-1968. This will be a bit difficult, the conventional history is not necessarily bad history as I did not want to rip into a conventional and optimistic view of race in America. For this end, I will rely upon the audience granting me a bit of leeway here in the material I am expanding upon.
The material I will draw upon is going to be set from a Dr. Charles Payne article, where he does the same thing I am attempting to (much more successfully of course). In this, he defines the conventional narrative as:
Traditionally, relationships between the races in the South were oppressive. In 1954, the Supreme Court decided this was wrong. Inspired by the Court, courageous Americans, Black and white, took the protest to the street, in the form of sit-ins, bus boycotts, and Freedom Rides. The protest movement, led by the brilliant and eloquent Dr. Martin Luther King, and aided by a sympathetic federal government, most notably the Kennedy brothers and a born-again Lyndon Johnson, was able to make America understand racial discrimination as a moral issue.
Once Americans understood that discrimination was wrong, they quickly moved to remove racial prejudice and discrimination from American life, as evidenced by the Civil Rights Acts of 1964 and 1965. Dr. King was tragically slain in 1968. Fortunately, by that time the country had been changed, changed for the bett­­er in some fundamental ways. The movement was a remarkable victory for all Americans. By the 1970s, Southern states where Blacks could not have voted 10 years earlier were sending African Americans to Congress. Inexplicably, just as the civil rights victories were piling up, many Black Americans, under the banner of Black Power, turned their backs on American society.
Payne dissects why this top-down narrative is limited and his article is well worth a read. I will attempt to expand on the blind sites of this narrative using particular points.
1. The branding of the "American Civil Rights Movement" as strictly in the mid-20th century
Conventionally, the civil rights movement is thought to have catalyzed either in the lynching of Emmit Till or the Montgomery Bus Boycott. However, it's more accurate to contextualize this movement as a continuation of black political agitation which is as old as the United States itself.
For this, I am most comfortable starting in 1817 with the formation of the American Colonization Society and arguably a turning point in black abolitionism. When the advent of black removal gained a political vehicle, vibrant free black communities in the mid-Atlantic were spurred to action immediately. Almost immediately black voices met in churches and in freed black communities to express their near-universal disdain of colonization and discussed multiple other avenues, including voluntary settlement in Haiti, Britain, on the banks of the Missouri river, and Liberia. Freedmen also felt if they left, enslaved people would lose their most stalwart champions of abolition. This signified the birth of an international black political body that transcended class and national lines, as freemen and slaves were both threatened with removal. A continuity that would remain constant and underlooked in most rhetorical narratives.
After disenfranchisement in states such as New York and Philadelphia due to swelling and prosperous black populations that were exploding, black voices lost their formal political vehicle and were painted as degraded and apathetic. In 1827, the first black-owned newspaper was published in the United States with Samuel Cornish and John Russwurm, who would eventually fall out over the colonization issue. Despite this, black organization underpinned the growing abolitionist movement voiced famously by William Lloyd Garrison, a white agitator created by consultation with black voices over colonization. This period was also known for its radicalism, with the likes of David Walker's Appeal and Nat Turner's rebellion coinciding with this era. Despite the reputation of white abolitionists being the main voices, black voices have historically been the underlying vehicle of change for their rights.
Reconstruction is another continuation of this grassroots political agitation. Recent scholarship has shown that there were genuine attempts to racially integrate southern politics, though these were violently suppressed amidst an apathetic federal administration. Again, black people were disenfranchised amid appealing to a cruel system and were scapegoated as political pawns of foreign (in this case northern) agitators. Far from politically inactive, historian Herbert Apetheker concluded that between 1619 and 1865, there were over 250 significant slave rebellions. Far from neutral observers, black political agitation engaged in radicalism and proactive community efforts rather than passive petitioning.
What are the conclusions and why is this important? For one we have that black Americans such as Cornish and Russwurm differed on the means of civil liberties, integration, and separation. Another is that far from passivity, black people organized change based on radical and internationalist frameworks. The third takeaway is that black people were the engines of their own destiny and did not rely on petitioning whites in power to speak for them, with the first edition of Freedom's Journal stating that "we wish to plead our own cause".
All of these continue into the legacy of the traditional civil rights movement, born of radicalism and internationalism while eschewing a petition of whites in power such as the Kennedy brothers and a "born-again Lyndon B Johnson". Many black leaders would again draw on this civil rights legacy and disagree on the nature of the path forward of civil rights, famously Martin Luther King and Malcolm X, though like Cornish and Russwurm they are not as far apart as often depicted and inherit many similarities among their political legacies.
2. Martin Luther King
Martin Luther King has become a deified figure in hindsight, the manifestation of an American dream come true and "good trouble" triumphing. He eschewed the "radicalism" of others such as the Black Panthers, Nation of Islam, and the black people rebelling in urban centers throughout the 1960s. He "did it right" and valued non-violence, not rocking the boat but rather petitioning to the morality of an awakening nation that finally saw the light. Thus the American project has been salvaged through the most palatable of means.
Though that's just what it is, palatable. Martin Luther King's legacy is a very admirable narrative of social agitation based on love and forgiveness, values he sacrificed his life for. On its head, this is of course, true. Though MLK was decidedly a radical and his peaceful means were deeply unpopular in his time. King operated not as a foil to more "radical" elements but was himself a radical in his own right. There is a utilitarian purpose for blunting the revolutionary and radical character of deified historical figures especially in the light of an ongoing struggle for rights. Making a whitewashed MLK the standard-bearer of "good" political conduct for marginalized communities (as determined by the state) serves a political purpose to stall change and funnel it into acceptable ways for those in power.
Dr. Cornell West posits an argument in what he dubs the "Santa Clausization" of Martin Luther King, a man robbed of radicalism and substance while being canonized into the American mythos as a harmless icon of "doing it right". In this, Dr. West states his case bluntly:
“We have to resist the ‘Santa Claus-ification’ of Martin Luther King. I don’t want to sanitize Martin Luther King. I don’t want to deodorize Dr. Martin Luther King. I don’t want to disinfect Dr. Martin Luther King, and we’re not gonna domesticate Dr. King,”
In this sense, even in a top-down manner, the movement for civil rights was a lot more radical than it is remembered in historical memory. In his day, these manners of protest were radical and deeply unpopular among white America. According to Gallup in polls taken in 1961, only 22% of Americans surveyed had a positive connotation with Freedom Riders. Relatedly, Only 28% of Americans felt that sit-ins helped the cause of civil rights. 27% of Americans also believed that mass demonstrations were aiding African-American's causes. In this sense, it's never the "right time" to agitate, and that even these vaunted protest methodologies were radical rather than common sense policies, even in a vacuum.
White political actors such as the Kennedy brothers had a mixed relationship with the civil rights movement, including the stormy meeting of Robert F. Kennedy with civil rights leaders such as James Baldwin and Lorraine Hansberry. This included increased surveillance on Baldwin, coercion, organizational disruption, and pointed criticisms of dragging their feet on civil rights policies. As such, white political actors were not major drivers of social change but were rather forced and affected upon from the bottom.
3. The Nature of Non-Violence
Violence in itself is a very loaded word. In popular conception, there is a dichotomy of "violence" and "non-violence" both strictly and subconsciously defined. The presence of guns at a demonstration is "violent" and so is a riot, though the state does not paradoxically engage in violence or is held to this standard. There is often in reality no distinction between "non-violent" and "violent", and in the case of the Civil Rights Movement, they overlap.
One case where we can see a recasting of the nature of non-violence in this era is the book This Non-Violent Stuff'll Get You Killed by Charles Cobb. An SNCC member agitating in Mississippi, Cobb posits that guns and armed self-defense are traditionally inherent to black political agitation and that their nature with the civil rights movement played a crucial step. Cobb lays out his case when he writes:
But although nonviolence was crucial to the gains made by the freedom struggle of the 1950s and ’60s, those gains could not have been achieved without the complementary and still underappreciated practice of armed self-defense. The claim that armed self-defense was a necessary aspect of the civil rights movement is still controversial. However, wielding weapons, especially firearms, let both participants in nonviolent struggle and their sympathizers protect themselves and others under terrorist attack for their civil rights activities. This willingness to use deadly force ensured the survival not only of countless brave men and women but also of the freedom struggle itself.
The tradition of armed self-defense is a long tradition in black rural tradition. Dating back to defending from racial massacres, black communities armed for self-defense in order to protect their civil liberties and livelihoods from hostile outsiders. This tradition carries over to the agitation in the 1960s against the conventional wisdom of Martin Luther King "doing it right" and the Black Panthers being "radical". King of course was said to have kept an arsenal of firearms and armed guards, particularly after repeated attacks against him. Both King and the Black Panthers sought armed self-defense and mutual aid as a way to protect their fellow countrymen and their movements. In this sense, non-violence and "violence" can not be dissevered and do not operate on a dichotomy.
Robert Franklin Williams chronicles his tense time as an NAACP organizer in Monroe, North Carolina where violence was endemic in the early 1960s. In detailing his relationship with his civil agitation and firearms he writes:
The incidents which took place in Monroe, which I witnessed and which I suffered, will give some idea of the conditions in the South, conditions that can no longer be borne. That is why, one hundred years after the Civil War began, we Negroes in Monroe armed ourselves in self-defense and used our weapons. We showed that our policy worked. The lawful authorities of Monroe and North Carolina acted to enforce order only after, and as a direct result of, our being armed. Previously they had connived with the Ku Klux Klan in the racist violence against our people. Self-defense prevented bloodshed and forced the law to establish order.
4. The Nature of Organizing and "Big Men"
One of the larger issues with a conventional narrative is the overlooking of traditional grassroots organization. Instead of individual acts of bravery that seem herculean, social justice often operated through dense networks of collaboration.
The Emmett Till case was, unfortunately, only unique in the manner that it was highly publicized. Many black people would simply go missing in Mississippi. Till was visiting from Chicago and was not familiar with the rather insane racial procedures expected to be followed. When he was lynched, his mother in Chicago fought to transport his body back as it was almost buried in Mississippi. Till's mother showed great bravery in petitioning for her son's body to be taken back to Chicago where it was given a gruesome open-air funeral. Till's mother was also very active in Chicago's NAACP where she was able to leverage historically black publications to bring national attention to the case. In this sense, organizing through black newspapers gave Emmett's lynching a national audience that it otherwise would not have. Much like publications like Freedom's Journal in 1827, magazines like Jet, Chicago Defender, and Ebony were crucial to the civil rights movement. White publications largely ignored Till's story at the time and many white Americans were often unfamiliar with the lynching.
In this same way, local organizing was immensely influential with the establishment of Regional Councils of Negro Leadership, Baptist Churches, and local branches of the NAACP and other national organizations. Localized networks of black communities tied through speech and political organization allowed people such as Freedom Riders and local boycotts to come into effect all throughout the south.
The Montgomery Bus Boycott was not an example of spontaneous demonstration but rather a political action created through the nexus of national and local organizations across class, gender, and even racial lines. Rosa Parks was a lifelong member of the NAACP and received social rights training in a specialized social justice school in Tennessee (with alumni such as John Lewis, Julian Bond, MLK, and so on). She also worked on civil rights campaigns, including defense on the trial of the Scottsboro Boys. Her refusal to move from the bus was deliberately planned, as she had also done 10 years earlier, and was the 3rd black woman to refuse to move on the bus in Montgomery.
Beyond Rosa Parks, the Montgomery Bus Boycott was made possible for its 381-day duration due to the efforts of local black women, who were often sidelined when arrests made the boycott famous. The Women's Political Counsel made the boycott possible through a mass effort of organizing carpooling to bus participants to and from work. Without the efforts of these forgotten local women, the legacy of MLK and Rosa Parks could not have stood on its own.
It is much more accurate to view the Civil Rights Movement, not as a movement orchestrated by the "big men" of history, but rather as a continuation of black organization and a collective effort dating back centuries. A picture of the Civil Rights Movement is incomplete without taking this into account. The background of Rosa Parks in particular leans heavily on the less publicized social justice work being done in the early 20th century, leaning on the fact that she attended a specialized school in black political organization well before her famous actions of defiance. Without localized black political structures, churches, community networks, and black media in conjunction with the combined effort of millions, the Civil Rights Movement could not have gotten off the ground.
5. Civil Rights and the Cold War
Another unexplained facet of this era is how it intersected with international and domestic politics. The Cold War shaped and molded the Civil Rights Era, though it is often seen as completely separate. In reality, the beginning of this traditional Civil Rights era coincides with the height of the Cold War, HUAC, and McCarthyism. Civil rights had everything to do with national security concerns. While the Cold War gave rise to a new vehicle of rhetoric for black voices, it also limited the scope and results of the movement.
This era of civil rights agitation is actually somewhat unique. While historically black political organization leaned heavily on internationalism, many in the Civil Rights Era defined themselves as primarily citizens of the United States leaning on nationalist rhetoric. In doing so, this adapted to the Cold War climate effected by decolonization and the potential of embarrassment in a political climate marked by aligning many in the global south. In ruling for Brown V Board, justices and political organizers leaned heavily on the word "unamerican" in criticizing segregation, framing it in patriotic terms despite segregation being very imbued in American society. Political organizers often leaned on stressing their roles as Americans and all that entails in a time of surging nationalism in the face of a Cold War.
In the aftermath of Brown V Board, only 3 southern senators refused to sign the "Southern Manifesto" decrying the break in the constitution by the ruling, among them Texas Senator Lyndon B Johnson and Albert Gore who had larger political ambitions and not in danger of losing his constituency. In this sense, the "reformed LBJ" is just playing smart politics. In 1957, Little Rock showed an erosion of law of order as the governor disobeyed the order to integrate, despite he himself not being elected as a segregationist. Eisenhower himself believes integration is a local issue. Little Rock showed weakness in the presidency, rule of law, and was a national embarrassment to the United States in courting nations in the global south against the Soviet Union. Eisenhower looks to move more hastily on integration due to Cold War concerns.
Interest convergence plays heavily into the granting of civil rights, starting with Truman de-segregating the military in 1948 to gain African-American votes in the upcoming elections, causing southern democrats to break off from the party. This schism would coalesce into the famous political divisions we would see in 1964.
Figures such as WEB DuBois, Paul Robeson, and other figures were increasingly denied travel abroad due to their political leanings. The Council of African Affairs listed both in subversive groups, barring them from having a passport and participating in international conferences. WEB DuBois was forbidden from attending the Bandung Conference in Indonesia in 1955 with Congressman Adam Clayton Powell attending in his place. Powell claims at the conference that America is a place of complete racial inequality. African-American presence in the international community is shrunk by Cold War politics leading to an adaption of rhetoric to Cold War contexts.
This helps put the later Black Panthers into context, they were not an aberration in their focus on a changing international racial world order but rather a return to the mean. Envisioning themselves as a global majority rather than a national minority. In reality, black citizens of Mississippi often didn't live in wholly dissimilar living conditions than many people of color in global decolonizing south.
There are, however, limiting factors. When addressing civil rights concerns in a nationalist context, integration can move as slowly as the law allows for the purpose of international optics. In 1964, Arkansas, Alabama, and many other states are still not integrated. In Virginia in 1959, a county closed all of its public schools and issued vouchers to white students to go to private schools which lasted until the Supreme Court struck it down in 1964 to reopen public schools for white students. By the 1970s, school funding was separated from affluent suburbs and the city while northern schools were less integrated than they were in 1954.
While the Civil Rights movement used nationalist rhetoric in the Cold War to ensure civil rights protections, it limited the scope of employable rhetoric. How does one deal with defacto economic arguments? Integrate Little Rock to show communists we are not racist though if you argue for a more centralized government to redistribute wealth in order to combat de facto segregation you now sound like a communist.
What actually was the true extent of victories in this era, one has to ask? The era seems to be less of a glowing success as one may think upon further inspection.
Conclusion
Well that was a lot, sorry about that. I hope you maybe learned something. If you have any feedback or criticism I encourage you to post it in the comments. I again have to ask you give me some leeway with the source of bad history here, I felt that this was the best way to organize while not criticizing a specific historical narrative too harshly.
As we have demonstrated, the conventional optimistic narrative detailed by Dr. Payne of the resounding success of the Civil Rights Movement and later radicalism of black Americans is extremely flawed. We are also able to better contextualize this movement in a greater tradition of black political organization. The narratives of this era are optimistic and palatable, offering a redemption story for the United States after coming to reckon with its past. Instead of operating in generalizations and dichotomy of the machinations of social justice, we are better able to understand the nature of power and race in the United States.
Sources
Introduction:
Part 1:
  • Power-Greene, Ousmane. Against Wind and Tide: The African American Struggle Against The Colonization Movement. New York, NY. New York University Press, 2014.
  • Polgar, Paul. Standard-Bearers of Equality: America’s First Abolition Movement. Chapel Hill, NC. University of North Carolina Press, 2019.
  • Foner, Eric. Reconstruction: America's Unfinished Revolution, 1863-1877: Updated Edition. New York, NY: Perennial Classics, 2014.
  • Foner, Eric. “Why Reconstruction Matters.” The New York Times. The New York Times, March 28, 2015. https://www.nytimes.com/2015/03/29/opinion/sunday/why-reconstruction-matters.html.
  • Aptheker, Herbert. American Negro Slave Revolts: Herbert Aptheker. New York, NY: Columbia University Press, 1945.
Part 2:
Part 3:
  • Cobb, Charles E. Jr. This Nonviolent Stuff'll Get You Killed: How Guns Made the Civil Rights Movement Possible. Oxford, UK: Oxford Univ. Press, 2014.
  • Williams, Robert Franklin. Negroes with Guns. New York, NY: Marzani & Munsell, 1962.
Part 4:
  • Green, Adam. “Chapter 4: A Moment in Simultaneity .” Essay. In Selling the Race: Culture, Community, and Black Chicago, 1940-1955, 179–210. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2009.
  • M. Von Eschen, Penny. Race against Empire: Black Americans and Anticolonialism, 1937-1957. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1997.
  • Brown, Jeffery M. Black Internationalism: Embracing an Economic Paradigm, 23 MICH. J. INT'L L. 807 (2002). https://repository.law.umich.edu/mjil/vol23/iss4/2
  • Witt, John Fabian. The Internationalist Beginnings of American Civil Liberties. https://ssrn.com/abstract=539802
  • Hodder, Jake. Toward a Geography of Black Internationalism: Bayard Rustin, Nonviolence, and the Promise of Africa. Annals of the American Association of Geographers, 2016. 106:6, 1360-1377, DOI: 10.1080/24694452.2016.1203284
Part 5:
  • Bell, Derrick A. "Brown v. Board of Education and the Interest-Convergence Dilemma." Harvard Law Review 93, no. 3 (1980): 518-33. Accessed November 29, 2020. doi:10.2307/1340546.
  • Dudziak, Mary L. "Brown as a Cold War Case." The Journal of American History 91, no. 1 (2004): 32-42. Accessed November 29, 2020. doi:10.2307/3659611.
P.S
Immeasurable thanks to my university professor, who will remain unnamed. I leaned heavily on notes and his sources from his class for this writing. This is not possible without him.
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2020.11.26 15:51 Yosh1220 Slavemaster: Porn: Part 2

I am not a Christian but this verse describes what i am about to show you perfectly.
Thimoty 6: 9 Those who want to get rich fall into temptation and a trap and into many foolish and harmful desires that plunge people into ruin and destruction.
In my last post I have talked about the scientific harms of porn in relation to addiction and depression, but porn is so much more and does so much more. I like to call it the gates of hell, once you get hooked into it and dont get out you will end up in a very bad place. In my last post i talked about how it numbs your brain and you have to watch more and harder stuff to feel any pleasure. This is a path that i want to explore further with you in this post.
Now to everyone whos watched porn on here, think about how your taste in porn was at the beggining and how it changed over time, did it get extremer? weirder? more hardcore? Maybe not for you but checking out other subs you can see numerous people saying that the more they watched the more twisted their taste got. Someone commented on the last post Slavemaster porn 1 that i am mistaking cause and action, that the people struggling with it are sick to begin with and thats why they started watching it in the first place. Now that doesnt make any sense because as i told you backed up with scientific evidence that Porn fits into the addiction framework and by watching it all you will sooner or later need to progress in the intensity of the material to get any rush out of it. So the argument that porn is good because it prevents those people from actually living out those fantasies, no its the opposite, most people only start to get twisted by their excessive consumption of porn. Now here is an example of something somewhat extreme, this of course doesnt apply to it but its a case of what can happen, this link shows the search results of user 927 Aol, leaked search historys, Here you can see how it starts out already a bit unnormal but in line and how with time his taste gets weirded and more twisted and finally illegal and deviant.
https://www.businessinsider.com/aol-user-927s-entire-sordid-search-log?r=DE&IR=T
Now some of you would say you cant make such claims only by checking out nofap subs or one extreme example, show us proof. Of course you have every right to say that and i will happily show you proof. Teens who watch porn are reported to commit more sexual violent acts also knowns as TDV, Teen dating violence.
Violent pornography exposure was associated with all types of TDV, though patterns differed by gender. Boys exposed to violent pornography were 2-3 times more likely to report sexual TDV perpetration and victimization and physical TDV victimization, while girls exposed to violent pornography were over 1.5 times more likely to be perpetrate threatening TDV compared to their non-exposed counterparts.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31309432/
It also makes you more accepting towards rape myths and sexual deviancy in general, less sensitive and twists your brain into accepting sick things, like rape fantasies and violent sexual accts, as shown in the following studies.
A positive d indicates exposure to pornography had negative outcomes, while a negative d indicates positive consequences in relation to sexual deviancy, sexual perpetration, intimate relationships, and rape myth outcomes. As can be noted, no negative d's emerged in the current meta-analysis, thereby indicating the consistent negative effect of exposure to pornography in each of these four areas.
https://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.525.9208&rep=rep1&type=pdf
Here it shows how even rape gets subcouncisly accepted.
The present study was conducted to learn more about the association between fraternity membership and attitudes and behaviors associated with sexual aggression against women. A male experimenter took digital pictures of all of the images of women displayed in the rooms of 30 fraternity men and 30 non-fraternity men on a residential, small, liberal arts college campus. The men also filled out a rape myth acceptance scale. A total of 91 images were found in the form of posters, “pin-ups,” advertisements, or computer screen savers. It was found that fraternity men had significantly more images of women displayed in their rooms and that the images were rated significantly more degrading than those in the rooms of non-fraternity men. Fraternity men were found to have significantly higher scores on a rape supportive attitude scale (RSA). RSA scores were positively related to the amount of degradation in the images found in men's rooms. The possible purposes and consequences of the display of degrading sexual images are discussed.
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11199-005-7136-6
Now we can go a step further and see that the most common thing amongst serial killers is porn. Now almost every one of those murderes says that porn had a massive effect into lowering their guilt and hesitation in commiting the horrible acts they did. They dont have a reason to lie about this and even if, these people dont really knew each other but everyone of them said the same thing about pornography.
There is also a video of Ted Bundy talking about how porn affected him. https://youtu.be/tfwJeHtrWNI
Okay so then there is one big counter argument: Sexual crimes actually decreased. But here is the catch, the less it got the thighter security and tracking technology got. Saying that porn prevents crimes from happening is ignorant considering the evidence i provided, the only reason why these crimes decreased is because its harder to commit them without getting catched.
The term teen has been on top lists in pornography searchings and if you think about the actual meaning of this its sickeing. People get aroused by the thought of a barely legal person being sexually displayed and who knows where it goes from on there.
But this begs the question again: Why all of this? Why would anyone want this to happen? If i had the answers I would tell you but i am trying to figure out the truth aswell.
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2020.11.22 16:36 Enshag Evidence for Ritual Abuse

From https://ritualabuse.us/ritualabuse/
Ritual Abuse
Proof That Ritual Abuse Exists
Ritual abuse exists all over the world. There have been reports, journal articles, web pages and criminal convictions of these horrific crimes against children and adults.
(This page also has day care and other child abuse cases at the bottom.)
List of Ritual Abuse references
http://ritualabuse.us/ritualabuse/studies/satanic-ritual-abuse-evidence-with-information-on-the-mcmartin-preschool-case/
http://ritualabusearticles.wordpress.com/category/satanic-ritual-abuse-evidence/
What is Ritual Abuse?
“…is methodical abuse, often using indoctrination, aimed at breaking the will of another human being. In a 1989 report, the Ritual Abuse Task Force of the L.A. County Commission for Women defined ritual abuse as: “Ritual Abuse usually involves repeated abuse over an extended period of time. The physical abuse is severe, sometimes including torture and killing. The sexual abuse is usually painful,humiliating, intended as a means of gaining dominance over the victim.The psychological abuse is devastating and involves the use of ritual indoctrination. It includes mind control techniques which convey to the victim a profound terror of the cult members …most victims are in a state of terror, mind control and dissociation” (Pg. 35-36) “Safe Passage to Healing”, by Chrystine Oksana, 1994, HarperCollins, which is an excellent source for survivor and co-survivors on the topic, though there is a newer edition out by iuniverse.com (2001)
List of legal cases:
Believe the children (1997). “Conviction List: Ritual Child Abuse”. http://ra-info.org/faqs/ra-convictions/
Web pages proving the existence of ritual abuse:
Noblitt, PhD, J. R. – An Empirical Look at the Ritual Abuse Controversy (2007) http://ritualabuse.us/ritualabuse/articles/an-empirical-look-at-the-ritual-abuse-controversy-randy-noblitt-phd/
Ritual Abuse Bibliography http://ra-info.org/for-researchers/bibliographies/ritual-abuse-primary-and-secondary-source-books/
Ritual Abuse Statistics & Research http://web.archive.org/web/20071210161357/http://home.mchsi.com/~ftio/ra-stats.htm
Searchable releases on satanic ritual abuse http://groups.yahoo.com/group/psnews/
Frequently Asked Questions about Ritual Abuse and Mind Control https://survivorship.org/frequently-ask-questions/
Satanic Ritual Abuse: The Evidence Surfaces By Daniel Ryder, CCDC, LSW http://web.archive.org/web/20080125051057/http://home.mchsi.com/~ftio/ra-evidence-surfaces.htm
2008 Publications on Ritual Abuse and Mind Control http://endritualabuse.org/publications-on-ritual-abuse-and-mind-control-in-2008/ Lacter, E (2008-02-11). “Brief Synopsis of the Literature on the Existence of Ritualistic Abuse”. http://endritualabuse.org/brief-synopsis-of-the-literature-on-the-existence-of-ritualistic-abuse/
Information on Ellen Lacter and Her Research https://ritualabuse.us/smart/ellen-lacte
Information on Valerie Sinason and Her Research https://ritualabuse.us/smart/valerie-sinason/
Information on Randy Noblitt and His Research https://ritualabuse.us/smart/randy-noblitt/
Ritual abuse diagnosis research – excerpt from a chapter in: Lacter, E. & Lehman, K. (2008).Guidelines to Differential Diagnosis between Schizophrenia and Ritual Abuse/Mind Control Traumatic Stress. In J.R. Noblitt & P. Perskin(Eds.), Ritual Abuse in the Twenty-first Century: Psychological, Forensic, Social and Political Considerations, pp. 85-154. Bandon, Oregon: Robert D. Reed Publishers. quotes: A second study revealed that these results were unrelated to patients’ degree of media and hospital milieu exposure to the subject of Satanic ritual abuse. “In fact, less media exposure was associated with production of more Satanic content in patients reporting ritual abuse, evidence that reports of ritual abuse are not primarily the product of exposure contagion.” Responses are consistent with the devastating and pervasive abuse these victims have experienced, so often including immediate family members. http://ritualabuse.us/ritualabuse/studies/ritual-abuse-diagnosis-research-2/
Bottoms, Shaver and Goodman in their 1993 study to evaluate ritual abuse claims found that in 2,292 alleged ritual abuse cases, 15% of the perpetrators in adult cases and 30% of the perpetrators in child cases confessed to the abuse. Data from Brown, Scheflin and Hammond (1998).”Memory, Trauma Treatment, And the Law” (W. W. Norton) ISBN 0-393-70254-5 (p.62) Bottoms, B. Shaver, P. & Goodman, G. (1993) Profile of ritual abuse and religion related abuse allegations in the United States. Updated findings provided via personal communication from B. Bottoms. Cited in K.C. Faller (1994), Ritual Abuse; A Review of the research. The American Professional Society on the Abuse of Children Advisor , 7, 1, 19-27
On Page 170 (first edition), of Cult and Ritual Abuse – Noblitt and Perskin (Praeger, 1995) states “One of the best sources of evaluative research on ritual abuse is the article “Ritual Abuse: A Review of Research” by Kathleen Coulborn Faller (1994)….in a survey of 2,709 members of the American Psychological Association, it was found that 30 percent of these professionals had seen cases of ritual or religion-related abuse (Bottoms, Shaver & Goodman, 1991). Of those psychologists who have seen cases of ritual abuse, 93 percent believed that the reported harm took place and 93 percent believed that the alleged ritualism occurred. This is a remarkable finding. Mental health professionals are known to be divergent in their thinking and frequently do not agree with one another regarding questions of the diagnosis and etiology of psychiatric problems…this level of concurrence in a large national sample of psychologists…would be impressive….the similar research of Nancy Perry (1992) which further supports (the previous findings)…Perry also conducted a national survey of therapists who work with clients with dissociative disorders and she found that 88 percent of the 1,185 respondents indicated”belief in ritual abuse, involving mind control and programming” (p.3).”
Journal of Psychology and Theology – Satanic Ritual Abuse: The Current State of Knowledge
Satanic Ritual Abuse: A Question of Memory http://journals.biola.edu/jpt/volumes/22/issues/3/articles/167 …Leading memory researchers such as Dr. Bessel van der Kolk of Harvard Medical School maintain that traumatic memories, which typically are engraved in the sensorimotor processes, are not subject to the same kinds of contamination that can affect normal memory. Traumatic amnesia, described in the dsm-iii-r as psychogenic amnesia, is a phenomenon which has been known to mental health professionals for more than 100 years. The clinically observed characteristics of traumatic memory formation and retrieval match precisely the patterns of memory recovery exhibited by sra survivors, and strongly confirm the reality of their cult abuse. Author D. McCulley Pages 167 – 172
http://journals.biola.edu/
Adults who report childhood ritualistic abuse. By: Cozolino, L.J.; Shaffer, R.E. Volume 20, Issue 3 Fall 1992 Therapists are finding an increasing number of patients uncovering memories of ritualistic forms of abuse from childhood. To gain a fuller understanding of this phenomenon, twenty outpatients reporting memories of ritualistic abuse were interviewed. Questions focused on the nature of the abuse and its perceived impact on interpersonal, occupational, and spiritual development. Reasons for entering psychotherapy as well as the nature and course of treatment were also discussed. Subjects entered therapy with similar psychological complaints. Reported psychiatric sequelae included dissociative, affective, somatization, and eating disorders. Abuse experiences were reported to have affected every aspect of their adult functioning. Subjects began therapy with little or no knowledge of the phenomenon of ritualistic abuse, and only one patient reported vague memories of ritualistic abuse before entering therapy. Reports from this sample reflect striking convergence among subjects and with data from previous research and clinical reports. A composite clinical case study is presented based on these data. excerpts from the article:
“Skeptics question the legitimacy of these reports,but many factors point to the reality of the phenomenon of ritualistic abuse. First of all, the degree of consistency between reports of individuals from different parts of the country is very high. The fact that children as young as 2 and 3 report ritualistic abuse experiences that mirror those reported by adult victims is especially striking in light of the fact that young children do not have access to the kind of printed information that might conceivably allow an older person to fabricate such experiences (Gould, 1987). Second, experiences of ritualistic abuse reported by victims of all ages are virtually identical to written historical accounts of Satan worship and the like (Hill & Goodwin, 1989; Russell, 1972), findings that substantiate our present-day understanding of Satanism and ritualistic abuse as intragenerational phenomenon. Third, the symptoms from which individuals reporting histories of ritualistic abuse tend to suffer are consistent with our current understanding of post-traumatic stress disorder and the dissociative disorders. The progression in which ritualistic abuse survivors respond to psychotherapy places these victims squarely within the category of individual who have suffered real-not imagined-trauma. That is, when memories of the dissociated traumatic event have been fully surfaced into conscious awareness and re-associated in all their aspects, the often extremely debilitating symptoms from which the individual has suffered abate dramatically and over the course of treatment frequently disappear altogether (Ray & Reagor, 1991). Comments on study: Shaffer and Cozolino (1992) interviewed 19 women and one man who reported types and aftereffects of ritualistic abuse consistent with those reported by Young et al. All subjects reported witnessing the murder of animals, infants, children and/or adults. All reported suicidal ideation and half reported suicide attempts. The majority reported severe and sadistic forms of abuse by multiple perpetrators. Some reported continued recontact/revictimization into their adult years.
describes crimes Journal of Psychology and Theology – Satanic Ritual Abuse: The Current State of Knowledge Gould, C., & Cozolino, L. (1992). Ritual abuse, multiplicity, and mind control. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 20, 194-196. As a result of the psychologically intolerable nature of their early childhood experiences, victims of ritual abuse frequently develop multiple personality disorder (MPD). Therapists who treat these victims often assume that all MPD stems from a system of spontaneously created defenses against overwhelming trauma. As a result, these therapists tend to focus on treating the post-traumatic stress elements of the disorder and on integrating alter personalities. Recent experience with victims of ritual abuse suggests the presence of “cult-created” multiplicity, in which the cult deliberately creates alter personalities to serve its purposes, often outside of the awareness of the victim’s host personality. Each cult-created alter is programmed to serve a particular cult function such as maintaining contact with the cult, reporting information to the cult, self-injuring if cult injunctions are broken, and disrupting the therapeutic process that could lead to the individual breaking free of the cult. A majority of ritual abuse victims in psychotherapy may maintain cult contact unbeknownst to either the host personality or the treating therapist.
Selected quotes: “Ritual abuse is conducted on behalf of a cult whose purpose is to establish mind control over the victims. Thus, these perpetrators have a conscious motive for the abuse beyond compulsively repeating their own childhood abuse in an effort to gain mastery over the original trauma. Most victims state that they were ritually abused as part of satanic worship, for the purpose of indoctrinating them into satanic beliefs (Los Angeles County Commission for Women, 1989). Mind control is originally established when the victim is a child under 6 years old. During this formative stage of development, perpetrating cult members systematically combine dissociation enhancing drugs, pain, sexual assault, terror, and other forms of psychological abuse in such a way that the child dissociates the intolerable traumatic experience. The part of the child that has been split off to handle the overwhelming trauma is maximally open to suggestion as the abuse is occurring. The cult perpetrators exploit the vulnerability of the child who is being tortured by directing the child to create a new personality who is to answer to a particular name as well as to other specific cues. During the abuse, the newly formed alter personality is imbued with particular qualities and functions by the cult programmer. Alter personalities which are structured by the ritually abusing cult in this fashion are created to serve particular cult functions. These functions usually lie outside of the awareness of the core (or host) personality. Such cult functions typically include, but are not limited to, maintaining contact with the cult, reporting information to the cult, self-injuring if the cult injunctions are broken, and disrupting the therapeutic process that could lead to the individual breaking free of the cult (Neswald, 1991).
Ritualistic child abuse, psychopathology, and evil. By: Cozolino, L.J. – Journal of Psychology and Theology Volume 18, Issue 3 Fall 1990 p.218 Ritualistic abuse is an extreme form of psychological, physical, and sexual maltreatment of children in the context of “religious” ceremony. The clinical presentation of the victims of such abuse is complex and raises many issues related in the diagnosis and treatment of psychopathology as well as the importance of spiritual counseling. The acknowledgment of belief systems so repugnant to the Judeo-Christian world view and the addressing of our own negative emotional reactions to the reality of ritualistic abuse are important first steps in responding to these issues. The phenomenon of ritualistic child abuse forces us to consider the relationship between theological notions of evil and psychological concepts of psychopathology. This article addresses the phenomenon of ritualistic child abuse, the psychological sequelae of victimization, and possible motivations for this form of abuse. Psychological sequelae in adult females reporting childhood ritualistic abuse Kathy J. Lawrence, Louis Cozolino and David W. Foy – Child Abuse & Neglect Volume 19, Issue 8, August 1995, Pages 975-984 doi:10.1016/0145-2134(95)00059-H Abstract: The present study sought to increase current scientific knowledge about the controversial issue of subjectively reported childhood ritualistic abuse by addressing several key unresolved issues. In particular, the possibility that those reporting ritualistic abuse may be characterized primarily by the severity of their abuse histories or the severity of their present psychological symptoms, rather than the veridicality of the ritualistic events, was explored. Adult female outpatients reporting childhood sexual abuse with ritualistic features were compared with a second group of women who reported childhood sexual abuse without ritualism. Measures included characteristics of childhood sexual and physical abuse, current posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnostic status and symptom severity, and severity of current dissociative experiences. Women reporting ritualistic features scored significantly higher on measures of childhood sexual and physical abuse. Neither PTSD diagnostic status nor severity for PTSD nor dissociative experiences were significantly different between the groups. While preliminary in nature, these results suggest that it may be helpful to conceptualize reported childhood ritualistic abuse as indicative of the need to assess carefully for severe abuse and its predictable sequelae within existing traumatic victimization conceptual frameworks. http://www.nctsnet.org/nctsn_assets/Articles/115.pdf
Why Cults Terrorize and Kill Children – LLOYD DEMAUSE The Journal of Psychohistory 21 (4) 1994 describes graphic crimes of abuse “Cult abuse is increasing, only that-as with the increase in all child abuse reports-we have become more open to hearing them. But it seemed unlikely that the surge of cult memories could all be made up by patients or implanted by therapists. Therapists are a timid group at best, and the notion that they suddenly begin implanting false memories in tens of thousands of their clients for no apparent reason strained credulity. Certainly no one has presented a shred of evidence for massive “false memory” implantations.” http://ritualabuse.us/ritualabuse/articles/why-cults-terrorize-and-kill-children-lloyd-demause-the-journal-of-psychohistory/
The Dark Tunnels of McMartin – Dr. Roland C. Summit The opportunity came in April, 1990 with permission from the new owner of the preschool to search for the tunnels before he demolished the building and redeveloped the property. These soiled but solid citizens managed to find what the district attorney had disclaimed: solid, scientific evidence that someone had not only dug tunnels under the preschool, but also had taken the trouble to try to undo them. The results of this definitive excavation are described in meticulous detail in the 185 page Report of the Archaeological Excavation of the McMartin Preschool Site by E. Gary Stickel, Ph.D., the UCLA archaeologist commissioned to do the study….Dr. Stickel’s report (p.95) concludes: There is no other scenario that fits all of the facts except that the feature was indeed a tunnel. The date of the construction and use of the tunnel was not absolutely established, but an assessment of seven factors of data all indicate that it was probably constructed, used and completely filled back in after 1966 (the construction date of the preschool). This age assessment has also been corroborated by the consulting Geologist for the project, Dr. Don Michael. http://ritualabuse.us/ritualabuse/articles/the-dark-tunnels-of-mcmartin-dr-roland-c-summit-journal-of-psychohistory/
Common Programs Observed in Survivors of Satanic Ritualistic Abuse describes crimes of abuse and programming techniques Increasingly, cases of Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD) and Satanic Ritualistic Abuse (SRA) are being reported in the psychotherapeutic community. Though controversy concerning authenticity remains, such cases are slowly gaining in acceptability as a genuine social and psychopathological phenomenon. Concurrently, the etiological underpinnings and treatment demands of these special patients are being unraveled and understood as never before. As a result, it is becoming increasingly clear that perhaps the most demanding treatment aspects of such cases concern the problems posed by what is known as “cult programming.” http://ritualabuse.us/ritualabuse/articles/common-programs-observed-in-survivors-of-satanic-ritualistic-abuse/
Report of the Ritual Abuse Task Force – Los Angeles County Commission for Women Ritual abuse is a brutal form of abuse of children, adolescents, and adults, consisting of physical, sexual, and psychological abuse, and involving the use of rituals. Ritual does not necessarily mean satanic. However, most survivors state that they were ritually abused as part of satanic worship for the purpose of indoctrinating them into satanic beliefs and practices. Ritual abuse rarely consists of a single episode. It usually involves repeated abuse over an extended period of time….Mind control is the cornerstone of ritual abuse, the key element in the subjugation and silencing of its victims. Victims of ritual abuse are subjected to a rigorously applied system of mind control designed to rob them of their sense of free will and to impose upon them the will of the cult and its leaders. Most often these ritually abusive cults are motivated by a satanic belief system [only on the surface.] The mind control is achieved through an elaborate system of brainwashing, programming, indoctrination, hypnosis, and the use of various mind-altering drugs. The purpose of the mind control is to compel ritual abuse victims to keep the secret of their abuse, to conform to the beliefs and behaviors of the cult, and to become functioning members who serve the cult by carrying out the directives of its leaders without being detected within society at large. http://ritualabuse.us/ritualabuse/articles/report-of-the-ritual-abuse-task-force-los-angeles-county-commission-for-women/
Believing Rachel JEANNE HILL The Journal of Psychohistory 24 (2) Fall 1996 describes graphic crimes of abuse Rachel’s story is one of suffering, courage and hope. As a young child she was the victim of unspeakable crimes, but because she received therapy and the support of a loving family, she has emerged intact. I hope that parents of other abused children will be reassured by our story. When I look at the strong, confident young woman my daughter is becoming, I know that believing Rachel was the right thing to do. Believing Rachel made her whole. http://ritualabuse.us/ritualabuse/articles/believing-rachel-jeanne-hill-the-journal-of-psychohistory/
Denying Ritual Abuse of Children – Catherine Gould The Journal of Psychohistory 22 (3) 1995 The evidence is rapidly accumulating that the problem of ritualabuse is considerable in scope and extremely grave in its consequences.Among 2,709 members of the American Psychological Association who responded to a poll, 2,292 cases of ritual abuse were reported(Bottoms, Shaver, & Goodman, 1993). In 1992 alone, Childhelp USA logged 1,741 calls pertaining to ritual abuse, Monarch Resources of Los Angeles logged approximately 5,000, Real Active Survivors tallied nearly 3,600, Justus Unlimited of Colorado received almost 7,000, and Looking Up of Maine handled around 6,000. Even allowing for some of these calls to have been made by people who assist survivors but are not themselves survivors, and for some survivors to have called more that one helpline or made multiple calls to the same helpline, these numbers suggest that at a minimum there must be tens of thousands of survivors of ritual abuse in the United States. Evidence also continues to accumulate that the ritual abuse of children constitutes a child abuse problem of significant scope. In1988, Finkelhor, Williams and Burns published the results of a nationwide study of substantiated reports of sexual abuse in day care involving 1,639 young child victims. Thirteen percent of these cases were found to involve ritual abuse. Other studies of ritually abused children have been relatively small. Kelly (1988; 1989; 1992a; 1992b;1993) report-ed on 35 day care victims of ritual abuse, Waterman et al.(1993) reported on 82 children complaining of ritual abuse in preschool, Faller (1988; 1990) studied 18 children who had disclosed ritual abuse in their preschool, and Bybee and Mowbray (1993) from the Michigan State Department of Mental Health identified 62 children alleging ritual abuse in their preschool and 53 children who reported seeing others be ritually abused. Snow and Sorenson (1990) studied 39 children reporting ritual abuse in five neighborhoods in Utah, and Jonker and Jonker-Bakker (1991) reported on a total group of 98 children, at least 48 of whom were believed to be victims of ritual abuse. http://ritualabuse.us/ritualabuse/articles/denying-ritual-abuse-of-children-catherine-gould/
McCulley, D. “Satanic ritual abuse: A question of memory.” Journal of Psychology and Theology Fall 1994 22(3) p.167-172 In spite of reports by thousands of adults who describe satanic ritual abuse in their backgrounds, the Special Issue of the Journal of Psychology and Theology reveals obdurate skepticism regarding their credibility on the part of several contributors. Some of these disbelievers currently are citing experiments demonstrating extreme malleability for human memory as evidence that survivor accounts, especially those involving delayed memory, are fantasies implanted by incompetent clinicians. However, leading memory researchers such as Dr. Bessel van der Kolk of Harvard Medical School maintain that traumatic memories, which typically are engraved in the sensorimotor processes, are not subject to the same kinds of contamination that can affect normal memory. Traumatic amnesia, described in the DSM-III-R as psychogenic amnesia, is a phenomenon which has been known to mental health professionals for more than 100 years. The clinically observed characteristics of traumatic memory formation and retrieval match precisely the patterns of memory recovery exhibited by SRA survivors, and strongly confirm the reality of their cult abuse. Quotes: If satanic ritual abuse is a question of memory, the data redound to the credibility of those thousands of individuals who identify themselves as SRA survivors. All the scientific studies of memory under trauma indicate that the bimodal response described by van der Kolk (1994), whether hyperpotentiated or dissociative, heightens the reliability of recall. The phenomenon of recovered memory is not a new therapeutic fad created by irresponsible clinical experimentation, but a well established aspect of trauma. The connection between trauma and memory disturbance is made clear by the definition of psychogenic amnesia in the DSM-III-R (1987) which states that “The predominant disturbance is one or more episodes of inability to recall important personal information, usually of a traumatic or stressful nature, that is too extensive to be explained by ordinary forgetfulness” (p. 273). Further, there often is corroboration for these retrieved memories. Judith Herman and Emily Schatzow (1992) found that in a sample of 53 women who disclosed memories of abuse for which they had been amnesic, 74% of the subjects were able to find independent confirmation from family members, pornographic photos, or diaries. Ivor Browne (1990a) found the “internal consistency of the traumatic account” persuasive, and also discovered that in the sizeable minority of cases where there was an available witness that “in every instance, the traumatic events . turn out to be true” (p. 30). There is no longer room for denial and disbelief – for evading the grim reality of SRA – by recourse to memory research which simply does not apply. Solid scientific inquiry does not allow us that luxury; neither should Christian conscience. https://wisdom.biola.edu/jpt
Jonker, F; Jonker-Bakker, I “Reaction to Benjamin Rossen’s Investigation of Satanic Ritual Abuse in Oude Pekela” Journal of Psychology and Theology 1992 20(3) p.260-262 quotes: The authors, Jonker and Jonker-Bakker, respond to Benjamin Rossen’s criticisms of their handling of an alleged satanic ritual abuse incident in Oude Pekela, The Netherlands. This response in turn criticizes the quality of Rossen’s scientific work, especially in respect to his judgments made without having had direct contact with the children or their parents, or other principals in the incident….All Rossen’s statements about the children and their parents, about Professor Mik, about school teachers and about ourselves were based on no contact whatsoever with any of us. https://wisdom.biola.edu/jpt
Ritual Abuse-Torture Within Families/Groups Authors: Jeanne Sarson, Linda MacDonald DOI: 10.1080/10926770801926146 Published in: Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, Volume 16,Issue 4 July 2008, pages 419 – 438 Abstract – Case studies provide insights into identifying 10 violent thematic issues as components of a pattern of family/group ritual abuse-torture (RAT) victimization. Narratives from victimized women suggest that victimization generally begins in infancy or soon thereafter. A visual model of RAT displays the organization of the co-culture. Examples of the family/group gatherings known as “rituals and ceremonies” provide insights into how these gatherings are used to normalize pedophilic violence. Global activism afforded the first effort ever to track RAT and human trafficking. Recognizing RAT as an emerging form of non-state actor torture, discontinuing the use of language that sexualizes adult-child relationships, and promoting human rights education are suggested social solutions. Available at : http://www.informaworld.com/index/903766904.pdf html article : http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/ftinterface~content=a903766904~fulltext=713240928
Organized abuse and the politics of disbelief – Michael Salter (p.243 – 283) Faculty of Law – Faculty of Medicine – University of New South Wales in Proceedings of the 2nd Australian & New Zealand Critical Criminology Conference 19 – 20 June 2008 Sydney, Australia – Presented by the Crime & Justice Research Network and the Australian and New Zealand Critical Criminology Network Edited by Chris Cunneen & Michael Salter – Published by The Crime and Justice research Newtork University of New South Wales December, 2008 http://www.academia.edu/2042170/Organised_abuse_and_the_politics_of_disbelief ISBN: 9780646507378 (pdf)
“Since the 1980s, disclosures of organised abuse have been disparaged by a range of activists, journalists and researchers who have focused, in particular, on cases in which sexually abusive groups were alleged to have behaved in ritualistic or ceremonial ways…Whilst these authors claimed to be writing in the interests of science and social justice, what has emerged from their writing are a familiar set of arguments about the credibility of women and children’s testimony of sexual violence; in short, that women and children are prone to a range of memory and cognitive errors that lead them to make false allegations of rape. This paper argues that this body of literature has systematically misconstrued allegations of organised abuse, and used organised abuse as a lens through which the debate on child abuse could be re-envisioned along very traditional lines, attributing victim status to accused men and constructing liars out of women and children complaining of sexual abuse.”
Journal of Child and Youth Care – ISSN 0840-982X – SPECIAL ISSUE 1990 – CONTENTS A Case of Multiple Life-Threatening Illnesses Related to Early Ritual Abuse Rennet Wong and Jock McKeen Ritual Child Abuse: A Survey of Symptoms and Allegations Pamela S. Hudson Satanic Ritual Abuse: A Cause of Multiple Personality Disorder George A. Fraser Differentiating Between Ritual Assault and Sexual Abuse Louise M. Edwards The Choice – Gerry Fewster http://www.cyc-net.org/Journals/jcyc/jcycSpecial1990.html
Recent worldwide survey of ritual abuse
The Extreme Abuse Survey final results are online with findings,questionnaires and presentations for download as pdf-files. More than 750 pages of documentation http://extreme-abuse-survey.net/ Understanding ritual trauma: A comparison of findings from three online surveys – Handout for Karriker, Wanda. (2008, November). Understanding ritual trauma: A comparison of findings from three online surveys. Paper presented at the meeting of the International Society for the Study of Trauma and Dissociation, Chicago, IL.
10 Extreme Abuse Survey Findings Helpful to Understanding Ritual Trauma
  1. Ritual abuse/mind control (RA/MC) is a global phenomenon.
  2. A diagnosis of Dissociative Identity Disorder is common for persons who report histories of RA/MC. (84% of EAS respondents who answered that they have been diagnosed with DID [N=655] reported that they are survivors of RA/MC).
  3. Ritual abuse (RA) is not limited to SRA, i.e., satanic ritual abuse, sadistic abuse, satanist abuse.
  4. RA is reported to involve mind control techniques.
  5. Some extreme abuse survivors report that they were used in government-sponsored mind control experimentation (GMC).
  6. RA/MC is reported to be involved in organized “known” crime.
  7. RA/MC is reported to be involved in clergy abuse.
  8. Most often reported memories of extreme abuse are similar across all surveys.
  9. Most often reported possible aftereffects of extreme abuse are similar across all surveys.
  10. In rating the effectiveness of healing methods, therapists tend to favor stabilization techniques; survivors are more open to alternative ways to cope with indoctrinated belief systems.
http://ritualabuse.us/mindcontrol/eas-studies/understanding-ritual-trauma-a-comparison-of-findings-from-three-online-surveys
MEDIA PACKET – Torture-based, Government-sponsored Mind Control Experimentation on Children – Documentation that torture-based,government-sponsored mind control (GMC) experimentation was conducted on children during the Cold War. Data from two international surveys that give voice, visibility, and validation to survivors of these crimes against humanity….SURVEYS – EAS: Extreme Abuse Survey for Adult Survivors (An International Online Survey for Adult Survivors of Extreme Abuse) January 1 – March 30, 2007 with 1471 respondents from 31named countries. P-EAS: Professional – Extreme Abuse Survey (An nternational Online Survey for Therapists, Counselors, Clergy, and Other Persons Who Have Worked Professionally with at Least One Adult Survivor of Extreme Abuse) April 1 – June 30 2007 with 451 respondents from 20 named countries. Contact: Wanda Karriker, PhD [email protected] http://my.dmci.net/~casey/GovernmentSponsoredMindControlExperiments-MediaPacket.pdf
Rutz, C. Becker, T., Overkamp, B. & Karriker, W. (2008).Exploring Commonalities Reported by Adult Survivors of Extreme Abuse:Preliminary Empirical Findings. In Ritual Abuse in the Twenty-first Century: Psychological, Forensic, Social and Political Considerations,J.R. Noblitt & P. S. Perskin (Eds), pp. 31- 84. Brandon, Oregon:Robert D. Reed Publishers.
Becker, T., Karriker, W., Overkamp, B. Rutz, C. (2008). The Extreme Abuse Survey: preliminary findings regarding dissociative identity disorder. In A. Sachs & G. Galton (Eds.), Forensic Aspects of Dissociative Identity Disorder, pp. 32-49. London: Karnac. Karriker, Wanda (November, 2007). “Helpful healing methods: As rated by approximately 900 respondents to the “International Survey for AdultSurvivors of Extreme Abuse (EAS).” http://endritualabuse.org/data-on-survivors-of-ritual-abuse-mind-control-and-healing-methods/
Karriker, W. (2008, September). Torture-based mind control as a global phenomenon: Preliminary data from the 2007 series of Extreme Abuse Surveys. In Torture-based mind control: Empirical research, programmer methods, effects and treatment. Workshop conducted at the 13th International Conference on Violence, Abuse and Trauma, San Diego,CA. http://ritualabuse.us/mindcontrol/eas-studies/torture-based-mind-control-as-a-global-phenomenon/
http://eassurvey.wordpress.com/extreme-abuse-survey-final-results/
Other organizations with data proving the worldwide existence of ritual abuse
http://www.ra-info.org
http://www.survivorship.org
http://web.archive.org/web/20071218103952/http://www.aches-mc.org/
http://www.endritualabuse.org/
http://nonstatetorture.org/
A Nation Betrayed – The Chilling True Story of Secret Cold War Experiments Performed on our Children and Other Innocent People by Carol Rutz http://www2.dmci.net/users/casey
Pepinsky, H – PEACEMAKING – Reflections of a Radical Criminologist by Hal Pepinsky – The University of Ottawa Press ISBN10: 0776606409 2006 “I have mentioned that since 1993 I have come to know many people whom I believe to be genuine survivors of “ritual abuse.”
http://critcrim.org/sites/default/files/Pepinsky_proofs_0.pdf
Craighead, W. E.; Corsini, R.J.; Nemeroff, C. B. (2002) The Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology and Behavioral Science Published by John Wiley and Sons ISBN 0471270830 – Sadistic Ritual Abuse (p.1435 – 1438)
http://books.google.com/books?id=JQMRmyOfpJ8C&pg=PA1435&lpg=PA1435&focus=viewport&vq=ritual+abuse&output=html
(I left out the part "Books on Ritual Abuse" because of the text-length restriction. I will post it in a comment.)
The McMartin Preschool Case – What Really Happened and the Cover-up
http://ritualabuse.us/ritualabuse/articles/mcmartin-preschool-case-what-really-happened-and-the-coverup/
Day Care and Child Abuse Cases
http://ritualabuse.us/ritualabuse/articles/day-care-and-child-abuse-cases/ This page has information on the McMartin Preschool Case, Michelle Remembers, the Fells Acres – Amirault Case, the Wenatchee, Washington Case, the Dale Akiki Case, the Glendale Montessori – Toward case, the Little Rascals Day Care Center case, Fran’s Day Care case, the Baran case, the Halsey case, the West Memphis 3 case, the Friedman’s case and the Christchurch Civic Creche sex abuse – Peter Ellis case.
Sexual Abuse in Day Care: A National Study – Executive Summary – March 1988 – Finklehor, Williams, Burns, Kalinowski “The study identified 270 “cases” of sexual abuse in day care meaning 270 facilities where substantiated abuse had occurred involving a total of 1639 victimized children….This yielded an estimate of 500 to 550 reported and substantiated cases and 2500 victims for the three-year period. Although this is a large number, it must be put in the context of 229,000 day care facilities nationwide service seven million children….allegations of ritual abuse (“the invocation of religious, magical or supernatural symbols of activities”) occurred in 13% of the cases.” The authors divided these cases into “true cult-based ritual,” pseudo-ritualism” with a primary goal of sexual gratification and ritual being used to intimidate the children from disclosing and “psychopathological ritualism” the activities being “primarily the expression of an individuals obsessional or delusional system.” https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/113095NCJRS.pdf
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2020.11.22 07:55 Str8Outta2750 A glimmer of hope after 19 years? The Disappearance of Passy Reyes (Sydney, New South Wales, Australia – 18 July 2001)

I’ll preface this by saying this post is a little bit different to the usual Unresolved Disappearance cases on this subreddit – but also for me too. It’s a Missing Persons case which I wasn’t actually aware of until earlier this year, when I stumbled upon an old newspaper whilst doing a cleanout of my home, during the COVID-19 lockdown.
The case I present, is the disappearance of Passy Reyes – an 18 year old girl, whom vanished from her home, on the Northern Beaches of Sydney, in the early hours of Wednesday,18 July 2001. She had been studying for her final year of high school, for the Higher School Certificate (HSC)). Her disappearance did attract media attention within Sydney at the time, and New South Wales Police did issue an appeal to the public.
During my initial research of Passy’s case online, there was very limited information – I suspect much of the data originally published about her case, has vanished off the face of the World Wide Web in the intervening years since 2001.
However, also during my initial research, I found a discrepancy on the New South Wales Police Missing Persons Enquiry System – which for me, raised questions about Passy and the status of her case; a “mystery within a mystery” if you will. I will go into more detail about this, further on in my post.
I had began to draft this post, when the NSW Police actually made the move very recently, during August 2020, to highlight Passy’s case in the first episode of a new podcast series, NSW Police State Crime Command – Investigations (Sources: Apple Podcasts, Spotify); and which has been publicised across Australian media. This podcast has also covered details of Passy’s case, perhaps previously not published – making this quite a rabbit-hole of a case.
Passy still remains missing, sadly after 19 years, although this new podcast has apparently already provided some new leads from the public, according to the NSW Police – which is the aim of this podcast series (Source: Today – Nine Network).
I will cover Passy’s case – firstly with the Background and Case Outline, secondly with Investigative Theories, thirdly with The Vanishing Profile, before closing out with My Opinions and Theories.
Background and Case Outline
Passy Reyes (surname pronounced as “Ray-ez”) was born on 9 June 1983, in Guadalajara, Mexico – under a different name at birth. Passy emigrated to Sydney, Australia at 3 months old, with her mother Margaret and her father – a lawyer from an influential and powerful Mexican family; and the son of the then leader of the Mexican political opposition (presumably the late Pablo Emilio Madero, although not actually confirmed on the podcast or in recently published articles).
Her parents’ marriage had been marred by domestic violence. Their move to Australia had been both a desire of Passy’s father; and an attempt to repair their marriage and start of a new life. However, despite the birth her younger brother (formerly known as Christopher Reyes, or Chris, now known as Tomas Alarcon) – her father grew frustrated with being unable to gain employment in their new country and his violent tendencies had resurged.
Eventually, her father left and returned to Mexico – however soon after, during 1985, he returned to Sydney to abduct both Passy and Tomas, trafficking them under false Passports – allegedly based on stolen identities - which he had arranged and obtained in Mexico; and flying back with the children to Mexico City via Los Angeles.
Margaret spent the next four years trying to regain the custody of Passy and Tomas, via applications to the Family Court of Australia, but also travelling to Mexico to find them. Margaret faced threats to her life and experienced further physical violence, during her pursuit to recover her children. Eventually Margaret regained the custody of her children in 1989, following the death of her estranged husband and father of her children, in a motorcycle accident. Margaret returned to Australia with her children, settling in Mona Vale, a suburb on the Northern Beaches of Sydney. Still in fear of her late husband’s family, Margaret changed the identities of herself and her children, adopting the surname Reyes.
Being near the beach, Passy and her brother were involved in water based activities and sport, including the Nippers with their local Surf Life Saving Club; and also in junior competitive swimming (Source: Avalon Bilgola Amateur Swimming Club Inc – note the misspelling of Passy’s name on the club’s honour role, in two instances). Passy has been described as being a strong swimmer.
Passy was also heavily immersed into art – with Visual Arts being her pet subject during her secondary education at Pittwater High School. She was also heavily influenced by her own Mexican background and culture in her artwork. Although Passy did have a small number of friends, she has been described by both her family and her school peers as being introverted and socially withdrawn; and someone who preferred her own space. Passy was also described as very focused and intense on her school studies; and would isolate herself to do so.
However, during her final year of high school (Year 12) while studying her Higher School Certificate (HSC)), Passy was suffering an enormous amount of anxiety and stress. Passy was concerned about her own academic success, putting high standards upon herself to achieve; and was afraid of failing (Sources: The Sydney Morning Herald - via The Internet - Archive Wayback Machine, SBS Insight – via The Australian Missing Persons Register). Adding to her worries, Passy had been struggling on her final Visual Arts assignment; and was denied an extension on her assignment by her high school (Source: The Sunday Telegraph – via Imgur).
Tied into these early news articles on Passy, is scrutiny and criticism of the HSC. It should be noted in 2001, within the State of New South Wales, the NSW Board of Studies had reformed and revamped the syllabus and format of the HSC – which had been the biggest revision to the Certificate (up to that point) since it was first introduced in 1967. The Class of 2001 were the first to undertake the ‘new’ HSC – and its implementation was criticised by many at the time.
Margaret also had concerns for Passy’s physical health, as she appeared to lose weight and looked pale; and suspected she might have been anaemic. At her mother’s insistence, Passy attended a doctor’s appointment on Tuesday, 17 July 2001. Following the appointment, according to her mother Margaret, Passy’s mood was dark and she had been crying, on the bus trip home. However, on her doctor’s advice, Passy relaxed that evening and spent it watching TV, viewing the sitcom Everybody Loves Raymond (then aired in Australia on Network Ten), before retiring to bed at 9.00 pm. According to her brother Tomas, she appeared to be in a much happier mood and laughing. However, Margaret felt something was up with Passy, as her demeanour seemed out of character for her; and indicated this as such to her brother.
In the earlier hours of the following morning (Wednesday, 18 July 2001) at 4.00 am, Margaret Reyes was awoken by the sound of running water – to find her daughter was having a shower. This was really early for Passy; and too early for both Passy and Margaret’s schedule that day. Passy was on school holidays during that week (Source: NSW Dept of Education and Training, via the Internet Archive Wayback Machine); and was to have accompanied her mother that morning, on work experience, to her mother’s workplace in the Sydney CBD. However, according to Margaret, they weren’t due to leave home until 7.00 am.
Margaret questioned her daughter, whilst she was still in the shower, as to why she was up so early – but Passy didn’t reply. Margaret then saw the door on Passy’s bedroom open; and saw her formal dress (which Passy was to have worn at the end of that year, at her Year 12 School Formal) – a yellow, green and blue floral pattern silk dress with a split up the side, laid out on her bed. Margaret then told Passy (who was still in the shower) to “…clean up [her] mess”, with Passy responding “I like my mess”. Margaret then returned to bed – eventually she heard the shower turn off; and initially assumed that Passy had returned to her bedroom. A few minutes later, Margaret then heard the main door of their home slam shut. Alarmed by this, Margaret got up and called out for Passy – however, it was clear that Passy was gone and had left the house.
Hysterical, Margaret then woke up Tomas, screaming “Passy’s gone!” and asking him to go and find her. Tomas went outside, initially conducting a search of their street, to no avail. Both Margaret and Tomas then got into their car to conduct a search of their local area, including the nearby beach and eventually the Mona Vale headland – with Tomas fearing that Passy might be suicidal. Again, their search was to no avail – with Margaret and Tomas returning to their car and then contacted the Police.
Passy’s Missing Persons Report was officially filed at the nearby Dee Why Police Station, coming under what was the Northern Beaches Local Area Command (LAC) within the NSW Police Force (now amalgamated into the Northern Beaches Police Area Command (PAC)). The Northern Beaches LAC took charge of Passy’s case; and wasted no time in issuing a public appeal on Passy, along with an extensive search – including a comprehensive aerial and costal/water search by both PolAir and the Broken Bay Water Police; and an inland search of the local area.
It has been said the Northern Beaches LAC’s original investigation of Passy’s case was “exhaustive” and had accumulated a “whole brief of evidence” in her case file. The Police also targeted their public appeal for Passy, in local print media within the Northern Beaches – including the local Manly Daily newspaper. Margaret Reyes also took it upon herself to distribute photos of Passy within the local area. As a result of these actions, Police received a number of leads – including alleged sightings by witnesses.
The first lead, was an alleged sighting reported by a local bus driver, identified as Brian Raymond Sampson. Mr Sampson came forward after seeing a photo of Passy that Margaret Reyes has put up at the local bus depot. Mr Sampson made a statement, that he saw a female fitting Passy’s description, at 4.45 am on the morning of her disappearance, on Barrenjoey Road – near the intersection of Bassett Street – at Mona Vale (about 500 meters from Passy’s home). He described her as wearing a “lime green coloured formal-looking dress” (which he thought was unusual for both that area and time of day), walking along lower part of the gutter (i.e. on the road), with her back turned to him. Mr Sampson did slow down, thinking she might want to board the bus – but she didn’t get on; and continued driving on.
Another lead was forthcoming from local Mona Vale resident, John Kreegan. Mr Kreegan lived on a property, which backed directly onto Basin Beach; and which had direct access to the beach, via a set of stairs. On the morning of Passy’s disappearance, at about 7.00 am, Mr Kreegan walked down his back stairs to the beach, for his morning swim – he discovered sitting at the second last stair, some neatly folded pile of clothing. It wasn’t unusual for swimmers and surfers to leave their clothes on Mr Kreegan’s stairs, as it was above the beach’s tideline. However, the clothes were still there, after Mr Kreegan returned from his swim later that morning.
Two days later, at 9.00 am, Mr Kreegan discovered the same pile of clothes were still on his stairs, undisturbed. He decided to pick up the items and took them into his home, in the hope of finding their owner. The items included a black cotton jacket and a green, blue and yellow silk formal dress – and contained within their pockets, a chain and a silver locket containing a watch. Later that day, after seeing an article on Passy in the local Manly Daily newspaper – Mr Kreegan contacted Police and handed over the items he found. It was later confirmed the clothing and items found did belong to Passy – the chain and locket were gifts to Passy from her grandmother.
There was also a potential lead from one of Passy’s former neighbours, Amanda Townsend. Ms Townsend resided in an apartment block in Darley Street, Mona Vale – which Passy’s family had resided at, up to just prior to her disappearance; and Passy was known to Ms Townsend. Ms Townsend had washed and hung her clothes to dry, at the rear of the apartment complex, the day before Passy’s disappearance. The following morning, Ms Townsend discovered two items of her clothing had gone missing from the clothesline. These were a black polo neck short-sleeved top and a Size 14 thigh-length blue fleecy hooded jacket with a white lining.
There was a glimmer of hope, regarding Ms Townsend’s lead, especially for Margaret Reyes. There was a theory that Passy had returned to her former home, then stole and changed into Ms Townsend’s clothes; and headed off to other destinations unknown. However, Police ultimately ruled out this lead, for a few reasons. The location of the apartment block was not en-route to Passy’s known movements from her current home to Basin Beach that morning, plus the items of clothing would have been too big on Passy.
Another person known to Passy personally, Gary Spalding, also came forward with leads. Mr Spalding was the father of Passy’s friend, Shantelle; and was also a bus driver by profession. Mr Spalding sighted a young woman with a striking resemblance to Passy, on two occasions in the week following her disappearance, whilst on duties driving buses.
The first sighting by Mr Spalding occurred at 11.00 am on Thursday, 19 July 2001 (the day after Passy’s disappearance), at the intersection of the Wakehurst Parkway and Pittwater Road at Narrabeen – 5.5 kilometres (3.4 miles) from Passy’s home. The woman was wearing a grey jumper with a red V-neck band, similar to the Pittwater High School uniform; and was also carrying a white plastic bag.
The second sighting of the same woman by Mr Spalding, occurred four days later on Monday, 23 July 2001, also along Pittwater Road – but this time 3 kilometres (1.86 miles) from Passy’s home; and again carrying a white plastic bag. It should be noted, in his statement to Police, Mr Spalding said he was only about “thirty percent sure” the woman he saw, was Passy.
About eight weeks after Passy’s disappearance, another lead came into NSW Police. Glenn Emmeriks, an electrician whom had undertaken work over a 3 day period at the Reyes’ home, in the week before Passy’s disappearance. Mr Emmeriks claimed he had just seen Passy at a cake shop at Kings Cross, purchasing bread rolls. Mr Emmeriks was also in the shop at the time, claiming to have stood only 3 meters (approx. 10 feet) away from her at the counter. Mr Emmeriks was served first, with Passy then served at the counter by another person. He claimed to have twigged it was Passy, after hearing her accent; and claimed to be “one hundred percent sure” it was her. He also stated that Passy appeared to be healthier and better in her appearance (her hair appeared to be clean and brushed; and had less acne) compared to the last time that he’d encountered her.
Mr Emmeriks also told Police he deliberately decided not to talk to Passy, as he genuinely believed she did not want to be found – but did attempt, after leaving the cake shop, to double check and see if the woman he saw was indeed Passy, but he lost sight of her.
There were other alleged sightings reported to NSW Police during this period – within Sydney, including at Bondi Beach, Darlinghurst and Belmore Park (opposite Central Railway Station); and also localities interstate.
One strange lead was also reported to NSW Police, alleging that Passy had been moonlighting as an exotic dancer at a strip club, prior to her disappearance. However, this lead was later ruled out by NSW Police – as Passy was confirmed to have been home and studying on the dates she was allegedly rostered at the strip club.
Despite the initial publicity of Passy’s case, the leads would go cold. Aside from her case being featured in 2003, on the news/public interest TV program Insight, on Australian public broadcaster SBS), media interest in Passy’s case also subsided.
In 2008, the NSW Police referred Passy’s case to the NSW Coroners Court, for a Coronial Inquest. The full Findings of Passy’s case have not been made public, the finding was made that Passy had died on or about 18 July 2001, however could not on the evidence presented, determine a finding as to the place, manner and cause of her death.
However, NSW Police have officially kept Passy’s case active and open. In 2011, NSW Police commenced a program to build a DNA database on long term Missing Persons, by obtaining samples from relatives. Margaret Reyes submitted her DNA as part of this program.
In August 2020, NSW Police made Passy’s case was subject of the debut episode of its NSW Police State Crime Command – Investigations podcast. There was renewed media interest and publicity for Passy’s case, coinciding with the podcast – along also with the release of an aged-progressed photo of Passy, from NSW Police.
According to the Today) program on the Nine Network, several new leads were apparently forthcoming following the podcast on Passy’s case. However a more recent article in the Northern Beaches Review (here) – NSW Police have made a more tempered statement, saying the podcast has attracted one lead, however it didn’t shed any light on Passy’s disappearance.
Investigative Theories
Whilst the NSW Police state they are keeping an open mind on Passy’s case, they admit their primary leaning is that Passy took her own life, via suicide by drowning.
However, NSW Police do have two other leading theories to Passy’s case – one is that Passy died in an accidental drowning; the other is that Passy staged her disappearance to start a new life.
NSW Police have also stated their reasoning for their prevailing theory of suicide – based upon the evidence in the case; as well as Passy’s actions and behaviours in the lead up to her disappearance were indicative and symptomatic of “cleansing rituals”. In other words, these “rituals” being acts of closure for Passy, some of them directed to those close to her, prior to suicide.
Police have also confirmed that Passy left her Passport, her bank keycard and her wallet behind at home, when she disappeared – which may arguably support the theory of suicide.
However, her mother Margaret is of the firm belief that her daughter is still alive; and had planned her disappearance to start a new life. According to Margaret, in the lead up to her disappearance, she claims her daughter was openly lying, to both her and her brother, about her whereabouts on the occasions when she did leave the house. Usually, Passy claimed she was going out for a swim – however, this was during the Southern Hemisphere Winter, when ocean temperatures were quite cold. According to her brother Tomas, she would come back from her alleged swim, claiming that the water was nice and warm. Margaret is of the belief that Passy was doing reconnaissance during these alleged “swims”, for her disappearance.
Her brother, Tomas, also believes his sister is alive – however has acknowledged that he’s in recent times considered the possibility that Passy did commit suicide. However, Tomas believes that Passy did leave – possibly as per personality, which he describes her as being a “classic introvert” was in stark contrast to both his and his mother’s self-described “extroverted” and outgoing personalities.
Margaret and Tomas, along with NSW Police, also investigated the possibility that Passy may have returned to Mexico. Tomas in particular, got in contact with relatives from his late father’s side of the family, to investigate if Passy had reconnected with them. However, this lead was to no avail.
Passy’s friend, Shantelle Spalding, also gave her own account regarding the lead up to her disappearance. Passy had contacted Shantelle via phone on Monday, 9 July 2001 (Shantelle had gone away on holiday with friends). During this conversation, Passy had said she was contemplating going to Mexico instead of going to Schoolies on the Queensland Gold Coast at the end of the year, as had been planned with their group of friends. Passy also expressed that she felt her friends had only wanted her to go to Schoolies with them, as she had organised it. Shantelle responded to Passy, saying it wasn’t true and that it might the last opportunity that their group of friends might have in going away together. Passy promised Shantelle she would think about Schoolies.
Also during this conversation, Passy also expressed the importance of their friendship to her; and also spoke about their old times together – however, Passy also confided to Shantelle (and apparently breaking down in tears) that she felt she couldn’t get close to anyone because they’d always let her down.
Passy made another call, this time to Shantelle’s mother – despite the fact that Shantelle was still away. Shantelle’s mother relayed to her that Passy “had said all these things…” and that Shantelle had been “a good friend”; to which Shantelle found to be weird. Shantelle had intended to call Passy upon her return home, but never eventuated. Margaret Reyes contacted Shantelle during the early stages of her search for Passy.
Like Passy’s mother and brother, Shantelle is also of the personal belief that Passy is still alive – and is of the opinion, as Passy was a strong swimmer, that she did not enter the water at Basin Beach and had planted her clothes.
The Vanishing Profile
Upon discovering the newspaper article on Passy, during my cleanout earlier this year (Source: The Sunday Telegraph – via Imgur), I began to research her case. Prior to the renewed interest in Passy’s case following the launch of the NSW Police State Crime Command – Investigations podcast, back in August this year (2020), there was very little out there on Passy’s case on the World Wide Web.
From my own research at the time, there didn’t appear to be any articles on Passy published after 2003 – and some of those original articles were now only retrievable via the Internet Archive Wayback Machine. I did find that Margaret Reyes had been credited as a contributor to a report published by the Australian Federal Police National Missing Persons Coordination Centre, back in 2007 (Source: AFPNMPCC, refer Page 5 of 48 of the linked PDF Document). However, I found nothing online in regards to Passy’s Coronial Inquest held back in 2008.
Aside from this, I did find a post from 2014 (which I won’t be linking, due to this subreddit’s rules) on the social media page administered by the Missing Persons advocacy organisation, the Australian Missing Persons Register. There were comments from people, identifying to have either known Passy personally, or had connections to her – which generally indicated that she was still missing.
However, I will share a discrepancy that I discovered during my research – concerning her Missing Persons profile with our respective law enforcement agencies; which at the time, did raise questions in my mind about the actual status of her case.
Passy’s case is under the jurisdiction of the New South Wales Police – however, the Australian Federal Police also collates information nationally on Missing Persons cases, via its unit, the National Missing Persons Coordination Centre. Both LE agencies have their own public Missing Persons databases - the NSW Police Missing Persons Enquiry System and the AFPNMPCC website (missingpersons.gov.au).
Passy’s profile existed (and still exits) on the AFPNMPCC website (link), however her profile did not exist on the NSW Police Missing Persons Enquiry System.
Further deepening this mystery, was my research of the NSW Police Missing Persons Enquiry System, via the Internet Archive Wayback Machine. From the following captures dated 24 August 2006, Passy was indeed publicly listed on the NSW Police Missing Persons Enquiry System – the captured links to the alphabetical index listing (link) and Passy’s actual profile (link) supporting this. However, it appears the NSW Police (and presumably, by its now disbanded Missing Persons Unit) removed Passy’s profile from its Missing Persons Enquiry System – as evidenced by this capture of its alphabetical index listing, dated 29 July 2008 (link).
In honesty, this led me to think that possibly - sometime between 2006 and 2008, that either the NSW Police had located Passy, or that Passy herself came forward; and that the case had been solved, but not publicised – hence the removal of her profile by NSW Police, with the AFPNMPCC possibly having her profile up in error. I will admit – my initial drafting of this post was not just about Passy’s case, but it was also to centre around this “mystery within a mystery” - the possibility that this could actually be a solved case.
However, as we know from the podcast from August 2020, Passy’s case is still very much active and that she sadly still remains missing. It appears, the removal of Passy’s profile from the NSW Police Missing Persons Enquiry System, was a mistake by the NSW Police. It should be noted that the NSW Police disbanded the Missing Persons Unit in 2019, after an internal review found it to be inefficient and ineffective (Source: Daily Telegraph); and was replaced by a new unit – the Missing Persons Registry.
The Missing Persons Registry have had some success already – including locating a number of living long term Missing Persons. I’ve also seen evidence that the NSW Police MPR are gradually updating and tidying up its Missing Persons Enquiry System. Admittedly, the search function on the NSW Police Missing Persons Enquiry System is a little glitchy – it does appear, even now, that Passy’s profile has not been reinstated on there. I genuinely hope, given the status of Passy’s case, that her profile is reinstated onto there again soon.
My Opinions and Theories
Passy’s case has been an interesting one for me, since becoming aware of it earlier this year. I think it’s great that the NSW Police, chose her case for their debut episode of their podcast series – which has indeed generated renewed interest and awareness of her case. It also appears that further details of her case, have now been made public in the podcast – which has been of great benefit to my research of her case.
Whilst I admit, I can see why the NSW Police lean towards the theory of suicide by drowning, based on the evidence at present. Also, I acknowledge that relatives of Missing Persons can hold firmly onto the belief that their loved one is still alive and out there, irrespective of the circumstances.
However, I genuinely believe that Passy is still alive and well; and did deliberately disappear to start a new life elsewhere. I think there were a myriad of reasons behind Passy’s decision to disappear.
Firstly, I do think Passy had some underlying mental health issues at the time. I suspect Passy was suffering from depression, as well as high anxiety and stress; and was in the midst of a mental breakdown. It was well publicised in reports following Passy’s disappearance in 2001, about her worries over the HSC. Whilst the HSC was a contributing factor, I don’t think it was the only one for Passy.
I think the trauma of Passy’s early childhood, following her kidnapping and relocation back to Mexico by her late father, greatly affected her well into her teenage years. I think as a result of this, it played into Passy being a socially withdrawn and inverted person, as well has having a degree of distrust of other people and feeling she could not (or unable to) be close to others.
I’m also inclined to believe her brother Tomas’ assessment that her personality was vastly different to either his or their mother’s. I genuinely think Passy’s perception was, she didn’t fit in within her own family and was a ‘black sheep’.
With her aforementioned upbringing, I also think Passy was struggling with her own identity as a person. She had been exploring her Mexican cultural background (particularly through her artworks), but also was balancing that to her upbringing in Australia. It should be noted – whilst there is some awareness of Mexican culture here in Australia (albeit via US culture), Mexican-Australians make up an extremely small number in population within Australia.
Aside from her family, I suspect Passy felt she didn’t fit in at school, with the small number of friends she had, or indeed the general environment of Sydney’s Northern Beaches.
I will concede, the above points do play into the possibility of suicide. However, my feeling is that Passy – as low as she may have felt at the time – was not ready to give up on her life, but was wanting to start things over again.
I’m inclined to believe Margaret Reyes’ assertions that Passy has planned and done reconnaissance for her disappearance – using the cover of “going out for a swim” for this purpose. I think Passy did consciously staged her disappearance as a suicide by drowning – motivated by a couple of reasons. This may sound contradictory, but I think Passy consciously decided to walk out her house, in the early hours of the morning, in her formal dress – to highlight her mental issues and feelings to those she was leaving behind. But I also think that she planted her clothes and personal affects at Basin Beach, giving the appearance of suicide by drowning – as some attempt to give closure to her mother, brother and everyone else in her life. However, given no sign of a body – it has brought the opposite effect to those she left behind.
Although she planned certain aspects of her disappearance, I also think she didn’t think out certain aspects of it. I do suspect she did live rough for the first week or two after her disappearance, around the Northern Beaches of Sydney; and had only taken a small amount of items with her. I’m inclined to believe the sightings reported by Gary Spalding, were indeed of Passy.
I am also inclined to believe Glenn Emmeriks’ account of seeing Passy at a cake shop in Kings Cross, eight weeks after her disappearance. I do think its possible that Passy, by that stage had found some accommodation – either at a boarding house, or possibly a share house, perhaps within the Darlinghurst and Kings Cross area of Sydney.
I also think Passy may have found employment by that stage too – although may have been working cash-in-hand. An issue that’s gained attention in Australia in recent times is wage theft - where businesses, including some major retailers, have paid employees; particularly casual staff; below award wage. There are also accusations that some business have avoided paying payroll tax and superannuation, by paying their casual staff off the books and cash-in-hand. I think it’s plausible that Passy did work under such circumstances for an unscrupulous employer, which would have also allowed her to stay off the grid; and remain undetectable, during this period.
I’m also inclined to believe, as she left her Identity Documents behind, that Passy has taken on a new name and identity. Although not impossible, this would not have been an easy path for her.
Ironically, an easier path would have been for her, to have taken her Passport and other ID Documents, and relocate interstate. She could have slipped through the bureaucratic cracks, using her existing legal identity, if she had relocated interstate – especially back in 2001. Also already being 18 years of age, she had legal right to her privacy as a Missing Person, had she been found.
However, already in her life to that point, Passy had previously changed her name and identity, as a result of her late father abducting her. Therefore, the idea of doing this would not have felt foreign to her. The challenge though for Passy, would be to integrate into society (and in particular, any government and social services) under a new name and identity – especially without her existing ID Documents.
Although a somewhat difficult and expensive way to achieve this – Passy may have paid someone (possibly a syndicate with connections/or access to government departments and databases) to provide her with fraudulent ID Documents under her new name – ones which may have allowed her to access government and other services without arousing suspicions; and allow her to live a normal life.
Although most government databases in Australia were computerised by 2001, it may have been somewhat easier to produce fraudulent ID documents, as well as circumventing the bureaucratic system with them. Also, it is possible that Passy did focus and worked hard to afford and obtain these documents, in her aim to start a new life.
I’m also inclined to believe that Passy has stayed in Australia, but has relocated interstate. Despite her cultural connection to Mexico, I personally feel she has not relocated overseas. Although she may have been looking to escape Sydney’s Northern Beaches – I would not rule out Passy still having an affinity toward the beachside lifestyle. One region of Australia, that I could picture Passy possibly being in, is on the Queensland Sunshine Coast. Although the region is a tourist hub, it is renowned for its laid back lifestyle, its surf beaches; and some areas of it are secluded and tranquil. As Passy, according to her own brother, was someone who enjoyed her own space, I can see such an area appealing to her.
Irrespective of where she is, I can picture Passy otherwise living a normal life. Although I still think she would be a reserved personality – I do think it's a possibility that she has gained confidence and self esteem; and might have made friendships and connections to a small number of people.
However, I suspect that Passy is unwilling to come forward, or to return to any aspect of her former life, at this point in time. I still suspect she is unwilling to reconnect with her mother or brother – perhaps still feeling she is personality-wise, too different to them, to truly have a connection. Also, if as I theorised – that Passy has established a new identity via fraudulent documents, she may have concerns for any potential legal implications of this.
In saying that, I genuinely hope that one day, that Margaret and Tomas do receive answers in regards to Passy; and that perhaps somehow, they can be reunited with her.
submitted by Str8Outta2750 to UnresolvedMysteries [link] [comments]


2020.11.14 03:42 Quirky-Motor It's long been said that pregnant women have been going missing from Northern California at alarming rates. But is this really true? Or is the entire idea a twisted hoax?

You may know the name Laci Peterson, but do you know the names of the other women missing from Northern California? Around the time that pregnant Laci Peterson went missing, it has often been said that five other women pregnant women went missing from the Modesto area… But is this really the case?
Few months ago, I did an extensive two-part write-up on the case of Laci Peterson, a young pregnant woman from Modesto, California who was murdered by her husband Scott Peterson in 2002. For whatever reason this case has stayed in the public eye for almost two decades and although her husband is behind bars waiting execution for the murders of Laci and her unborn son, rumors still swirl online that Scott Peterson is innocent and was railroaded Modesto Police Department and the rabid media. If you are interested in this specific case, I would suggest you read my two-part right up which you can find here. https://www.reddit.com/UnresolvedMysteries/comments/ie57ja/extensive_twopart_write_up_on_the_murder_of_laci/ and https://www.reddit.com/UnresolvedMysteries/comments/ie5c6h/extensive_twopart_write_up_the_murder_of_laci/
In case you are unaware here's a brief rundown of Laci Peterson's case. Laci Rocha Peterson was 27 years old 2002. She was married to a 30-year-old man named Scott Peterson and the couple was expecting a baby in February of 2003. Christmas Eve 2002 Laci Peterson went missing and her husband Scott soon came under suspicion. Within days Scott was the prime suspect in Laci’s disappearance. The case of the pregnant mom to be and her handsome husband soon became a media sensation that garnered more attention than anyone ever would have expected. Within a couple of months, it emerged that Scott had had a number of affairs and was uninterested in being a father. Several years later he was convicted for the murder of his wife and son. Laci's body washed up on the shores of the San Francisco Bay less than a mile from where Scott Peterson was fishing on that fateful Christmas Eve, nearly 100 miles from the Petersons’’ home. Due to the passage of time only Laci's torso was found.
For reasons that are somewhat unclear to me, Scott has hundreds or even thousands of supporters online who are convinced of his innocence. Scott's family has paid for several documentaries to be made (Such as the ID network’s “The Murder of Laci Peterson”) that have painted Scott in a good light and made the jury and investigators look like bumbling idiots. Even though Scott has been in jail for 16 years, his supporters still rally around him and create Facebook pages, Innocence websites, petitions, and even primetime documentaries to tout his innocence.
One of their favorite things to bring up is the fact that five pregnant women went missing from the Modesto area within a couple of years Laci going missing. Many Scott supports have claimed that there was clearly a serial killer or a cult targeting pregnant women in the area and that this should create reasonable doubt regarding the guilt of Scott Peterson. Some defenders of Scott have even gone so far to say that all the women missing have similar characteristics. One Facebook page claims that all the missing women were pregnant and Hispanic or Hispanic- passing, like Laci*. On one of the Petersons’ family websites, it claims that many of the women were found in water, and were health conscious as well. If all these things were true, a serial killer would have be considered as a possibility in Laci’s case.
*Just to clarify, Laci was full Portuguese and passed for Hispanic. Her missing flyer even had to note that she was white, but did not look white.
The case discussed most extensively online is the case of Evelyn Fernandez whose headless body was also found washed up on the shores of San Francisco Bay. Various articles and documentaries have talked about the similarities between Evelyn's case and Laci's case, but they also point to these five, other mysterious women who went missing in Modesto during the same timeframe. Evelyn's case has gotten some media attention due to documentaries but it didn't seem like the other women had their stories documented anywhere.
The discovery of Evelyn’s case with circumstances which were so similar to Laci Peterson's disappearance, has also reminded people that attractive, white (or white looking), middle-class women get more media coverage than anyone else. The cases of people such as Evelyn fall by the wayside, meanwhile Laci's case is remembered decades later. And what about the other women? Surely, they deserve some attention as well.
Today, I planned on remembering the women that didn't get the media attention while also looking into the similarities and differences between these women’s cases and the case of Laci's murder, but I discovered something that I did not expect. These pregnant women so often talked about in documentaries and online simply don’t exist.
As many of us know, intimate partner violence is a major problem all over the world. Sadly pregnant women are more likely to be abused or killed by partner than non-pregnant women. Some studies have even shown that homicide is one of the leading causes of death for pregnant people. Most of the time the woman's current or ex romantic partner, and usually the father of the child she is carrying, is the perpetrator of these crimes. When I sat down to write this piece I expected to find stories that fit this scenario, however, this wasn’t the case.
The only information I could find was information on Evelyn and Laci. Begrudgingly, I decided to use the list on ssi.com (which stands For Scott is Innocent), and I found a list of 20 women on this website who the author (Scott’s family and the SPA team) claimed disappeared under similar circumstances to Laci “near” Modesto. However, as I began exploring these cases it quickly became apparent that a majority of the missing persons cases bore no resemblance at all the disappearance and murder of Laci Peterson. And the term “near Modesto” simply meant in California or Washington state. Most of the cases mentioned on the website are solved. But most importantly, some of the women on the list do not even exist and the citations provided for them are websites that don’t work or articles that don’t exist.
Some of the women listed were missing at one point but have since been found alive (1 or 2). Another group were women who were missing at one point but whose cases have now been solved (4). Some cases are mostly solved, but remain unprosecuted (6-7). A fourth group of women on the list, completely do not exist (6, although 2 appear to be a simple mistake). In other words only 4 or 5 of these cases have the potential to be related to the murder of Laci Peterson. Only three women on the list came from Modesto, none of whom were pregnant and two of the cases happened in the 1980s, decades before Laci vanished.
The people on this list come from different backgrounds, regions, races, and ages. Some were mothers or grandmothers, others were high schoolers. As far as I can tell, the five mysterious women who are all pregnant and missing from Modesto never existed. This false piece of information has been spread by Scott Peterson’s supporters for years. Not only is the narrative of a serial killer stalking the area false, it is incredibly rude and disrespectful to these women who have passed on. The Peterson family are using people’s daughters’, mothers’, and friends’ stories to create a false narrative in order to exonerate Scott Peterson, a family annihlator, who is exactly where he needs to be. Let’s look at these cases that are supposed to “prove” that pregnant women were going missing from the Modesto area. All names are taken from the SII website.
Jeannine Sanchez Harms of Los Gatos, California (90 miles from Modesto) went missing in July, 2001 after a night out. The 42 year old worked at a computer company and was not pregnant. Harms case was cold for a few years but has since been solved. Her killer, a spurned lover of Jeannine’s, has since passed away and the case is considered solved and closed.
Toni Clark of San Francisco was a senior in high school and a talented athlete in 1990. Clark was driving home one night when she was struck from behind by another vehicle and presumably flew into the San Francisco bay. Her body was never recovered and she is assumedly decreased. The driver of the other car was tried for vehicular manslaughter but was not convicted as Toni’s body was missing and the jury felt that the no one could prove that Toni had actually died. Toni was about six weeks pregnant at the time. Her case is tragic, but law enforcement believes it was nothing more than a fatal car crash.
Karen Modaffi is one of the women listed on SII.org but she doesn’t exist.
Kristen Smart, a Cal Poly student was a college freshman when she was last seen. She was not pregnant and lived 217 miles from Modesto. The main suspect in her case is a man named Paul Flores who was found to be in possession of some of Smart’s bloodied jewelry. He has never been charged in her case. Law enforcement has confirmed that this case is not related to Laci’s case.
Tera Smith was 16 years old and not pregnant in 1998 when she vanished from Redding, California, 250 miles north of Modesto. The blonde high schooler left her home one day to break up with her boyfriend- a married 29-year-old father. She never returned home and her body has never been found. Tera’s boyfriend was sentenced for statutory rape due to Tera’s age but has never been charged with her murder or disappearance. It is considered closed.
Heather Marie Carpenter was 22 years old in Aug 2003 when she attended a party, doomed to be her last. Carpenter was living in Redding (a five-hour drive from Modesto) and was not pregnant at the time of her death. Patrick Michael Larmour confessed to killing Carpenter and was sent to prison. The case is solved and closed.
Angelina Evans was last seen in Sacramento in May 2001 when she was 26 years old. She was seven to eight months pregnant. She went for a walk, and was never seen again. Very little information is available; however, the case does bear a resemblance to Laci Peterson’s story.
According to SII.org, Consuelo Lomeli, was apparently 8 months pregnant when she last seen in 2002 in Tulare, California. She apparently disappeared with three or four of her children. However, I can find no information on this case. The only place their names are mentioned at all are on a Charley Project blog post comment section with no additional information. It appears she was found alive. This case does not exist.
Guadalupe Areias like Consuelo above was apparently 8 months pregnant when she was last seen 11/26/2001 Longview, WA. However, this person again does not exist.
→ A little digging has led me to believe that Guadalupe they meant to mention was actually Guadalupe Castro who disappeared in Washington state after going to meet with her estranged husband, Gergorio. Sadly, Guadalupe and her older daughter Agueda age 3, have never been located. Gregorio fled the area and has not been seen since shortly after the disappearance of his family. He is considered the prime suspect.
Jeanette Gomez Espeleta of Fullerton, California, a five-hour drive from Modesto, was last seen in November 1998. She was 8 months pregnant. Jeanette was excited to be a mom and had a baby shower planned when she went missing. Jeanette’s ex-boyfriend who was purportedly the father of her unborn child, confessed to killing her and dumping her body in the ocean. He took investigators to the place he dumped her body and although her body was not recovered, he is in prison and the case is considered closed.
Ornaith Murphy and her husband Kieran Murphey were both last seen 12/16/2001 aboard their vessel Sola III which was docked in Jack London Square, near Oakland. The couple were both Irish nationals in their 50s. Ornaith was not pregnant. She and her husband are believed to be lost at sea or victims of a murder suicide. Either way this case does not bear resemblance to Laci’s murder in any way shape or form.
Wendy Jamie Abrams-Nishikai was last seen in Berkeley in 1989. She was not pregnant at the time. Very little information is available.
Amparo Aguilar, age approximately 18, was purportedly last seen in 1999 East Palo Alto. Very little information is available. This woman may be no longer missing, meaning that this case, does not exist.
Kristen Modafferi went missing June 23rd 1997 in San Francisco. She was attending summer classes at UC Berkeley and she was not pregnant at the time. Kristen’s case is odd but there is a prime suspect in her case.
Kathy Irene Sweet, 32, had been dead only a few hours when a Stanislaus County sheriff's deputy found her nude body inside a pickup parked in a north Modesto almond orchard Jan. 14, 1998. She was not pregnant at the time of her death. Her death is believed to be homicide but no other information is available besides one Facebook post from the California DOJ. This case in Modesto bears little resemblance to Laci’s case.
Teiaar Nakea Rowe of Stockton, California was 24 years old when a farm worker found her body dumped in an almond orchard. Teiaar was not pregnant when she passed away. The only information on her case is one Facebook post, and one find a grave memorial.
Lynsie Ekelund, was a physically disabled college student in her early 20s when she disappeared from Placentia, California a six-hour drive from Modesto. She was not pregnant. Her 2001 disappearance was solved after a confession from a man named Christopher Michael McAmis who led investigators to her body. Her case is considered solved and closed.
Ruth Bender, 33, was last seen getting into a green van at the Greyhound bus station in Modesto in 1986, according to the SII.website but his woman does not exist.
→ I believe the woman they tried to profile was actually 15-year-old Susan Robin Bender who went missing in Modesto after getting into someone’s car in 1986. Susan was acquainted with Loren Hertzog, a serial killer and he is presumed to be her killer. An old friend of Susan’s is also a suspect.
Ruth Leamon, 16, went to a Modesto store for a soda in 1982 and never returned. Like Susan, Ruth knew Loren Herzog and he is presumed to be her killer. Leamon was not pregnant when she went missing. Herzog and his accomplice, Wesley Shermantain were in jail at the time of Laci’s disappearance.
Evelyn Hernandez - See information below. Law Enforcement has a prime suspect and the case is considered solved, but not closed.
All in all, four of the women’s cases are solved and closed (Lynsie Ekelund, Jeanette Gomez Espeleta, Jeannine Sanchez Harms, and Heather Carpenter). Seven cases are not closed but have been practically solved (Tera Smith, Ruth Leamon, Susan Bender, Kristen Smart, Kristen Modafferi, and Toni Clark). Five cases-Karen Modaffi, Consuelo Lomeli, Guadalupe Areias, Ruth Bender, and Amparo Aguilar-do not exist at all. Aguilar and Lomeli may have been located alive. Ornaith died at sea in what was most likely an accident.
The only cases that are unsolved are, Teiaar Nakea Rowe, Kathy Sweet, and Angelina Evans, Wendy Abrams-Nishikai, and of course Evelyn Hernandez. Let’s take a closer look.
The Unsolved
Teiaar Rowe was found dead in Stockton, California in an almond orchard. Rowe was 24 or 25 years old at the time. She was clad in only a black-and-white skirt. Detectives said they believe someone dumped Teiaar Nakea Rowe's body in an orchard after killing her elsewhere. The San Joaquin County Sheriff's Department located Rowe's car in south Stockton. Rowe left behind a husband, four siblings, and several children. Her cause of death was stabbing. Rowe was a similar age to Laci, but she was not pregnant. Rowe was also African American and she was not found in or near the water. If you have any information on Rowe’s case, please call the San Joaquin county sheriff’s office cold case unit at (209) 468-5087.
Kathy Irene Sweet was found dead inside her boyfriend’s truck in north Modesto in 1998. Kathy’s boyfriend has been questioned and partially cleared by the sheriff’s office. Sweet was in her 30s at the time of death. Sweet also used the name Kathy Irene Meadows and sometimes went by the name Cindy. She was not pregnant, she was white, and she was not in water. Tragically, there is only one Facebook post on this case; that is the only information available. Please call Stanislaus area crime stoppers at 209-521-4636 if you have information on this crime.
Angelina Evans was 26 years old when she was last seen in Sacramento, California in May, 2001. From the Charley Project,
“Witnesses saw Evans get into a pickup truck painted black with primer. She has never been heard from again. Evans's family members told authorities that it is uncharacteristic of her to leave without warning. A baby was abandoned shortly after Evans was reported missing, leading to speculation that she was the child's mother. That theory has never been confirmed. Evans's case remains unsolved. Evans's family says she was associating with a rough crowd at the time of her disappearance. She is a Hiram Johnson High School dropout who left behind five children when she disappeared. She was living in a motel on Stockton Boulevard in Sacramento.”
Like Laci, Angelina was pregnant and in her mid-20s. However, she is not Hispanic or Hispanic passing nor was she found in water. Angelina was believed to be a doe who was found in a burnt-out dumpster in June, 2001, but DNA has ruled it out. If you have any information about Angelina’s disappearance please call the Sacramento Police Department at 916-264-7895 or 916-264-5655. This case unlike the others is somewhat similar to Laci’s case.
Wendy Jamie Abrams-Nishikai, age 21 was a UC Berkeley student with a young daughter. Wendy was last seen on Halloween 1989. She was not pregnant at the time. Although her race is listed as white, she could pass for other races such as Asian or Hispanic/Latina. Abrams-Nishikai is still missing and very little information is available in her case. If you have information please contact the Berkeley Police Department at 510-981-5938.
Evelyn Hernandez- For years, Evelyn has been called the other Laci. Her case was first compared to Laci’s case by attorney Matt Dalton who was briefly a member of Scott Peterson’s defense team.
Evelyn Hernandez was an immigrant from El Salvador who was living in San Francisco in 2002. She was 24 years old and had a five-year-old son named Alexis who she was raising on her own. Alexis’ father was a man in a navy who Evelyn had briefly dated but he was no longer in Evelyn or Alexis’ lives. By age 24 Evelyn was working in the medical profession and was dating a mechanic named Herman Aguilera. Evelyn was 39 weeks pregnant in May 2002, when she was last seen at a convenience store near her boyfriend’s home. Some sources say she was last seen at her son’s school on the same day. At the time Evelyn had just discovered that Herman, the man she had been seeing for quite some time, was actually married. According to family members, Herman was upset that Evelyn was pregnant and told his friends that he didn’t want another child. On May 7th, 2002 Herman reported Evelyn and Alexis missing. In July a pair of legs and a torso washed up on the shore of the Bay only a few blocks from Aguilera’s work place. DNA testing showed that the body was Evelyn’s. Herman immediately “lawyered up” and his wife provided him with a rock-solid alibi. Herman has since left the area but law enforcement has always considered him the prime suspect in the murder of Evelyn and the disappearance of her son Alexis. Tragically, the body of Evelyn’s full-term baby boy, Fernando, has never been located. Please call the San Francisco Police Department at 415-553-1071 if you have any information.
This story is all too tragic, and the parallels to Laci’s case are astounding. Evelyn and Laci were about the same age. Both women were hugely pregnant. Both were recovered from San Francisco Bay, headless and armless. But most importantly, neither appear to be the work of a cult or serial killer, rather both were most likely victims of domestic violence. Evelyn’s case may mirror the case of Laci but it does not prove that pregnant women were disappearing without a trace. Besides this story, none of the other women disappeared or died in circumstances similar to Laci Peterson.
Let’s look now at the cases of the pregnant women
Toni Clark died it was likely a tragic car accident in San Francisco, 90 miles from Modesto.
Guadalupe Castro was last seen in Washington state, 1000s of miles from Modesto, and her husband is most likely to blame.
Jeanette Gomez Espeleta’s case has been solved. Again, her boyfriend was perpetrator. And she lived in San Diego area, not anywhere near Modesto.
Angelina Evans’ case is a little like Laci’s but there is not enough evidence to know anything for sure.
Evelyn Fernandez’s case is similar to Laci’s but her boyfriend is the most likely suspect.
What about those in Modesto?
Kathy Sweet was not pregnant and was in her 30s when she was found dead in Modesto. Very little is known about this case- but it doesn’t bear any resemblance to Laci’s disappearance and murder.
Susan Robin Bender age 15 from Modesto went missing in Modesto after getting into someone’s car in 1986 at the bus station. Susan was not pregnant. Susan was acquainted with Loren Hertzog and Wesley Shermaintine, a serial killer pair who are presumed to be her killers. An old friend of Susan’s is also a suspect. (Shermantine and Herzog, the Speed Freak Killers, were in jail at the time of Laci’s disappearance.)
Ruth Leamon, 16, went to a Modesto store for a soda in 1982 and never returned. Like Susan Ruth knew Loren Herzog and he is presumed to be her killer. Leamon was not pregnant when she went missing. She is also white and the case does not resemble Laci’s case
Conclusion
In conclusion, I set out to write up the cases of the missing pregnant women from the Modesto area but instead I discovered something stranger. After reading about all these people and looking into the unsolved cases, I think it is safe to say that the missing, pregnant Modesto women don’t exist and the outcry about a serial killer being involved in the murders of Laci or Evelyn, was not a misunderstanding. It was a well calculated, fear mongering tactic used to by the Peterson family to create doubt that simply doesn’t exist. And the media ate it up like a salacious sex scandal. So, the next time your friend tries to convince you that Scott Peterson was nothing more than an adulterer, and that a serial killer or satanic cult was actually to blame, remind them that the victims of the killer don’t even exist. And without victims there isn’t a crime spree.
Sources
http://charleyproject.org/case/ornaith-murphy
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Speed_Freak_Killers
https://www.nih.gov/news-events/news-releases/homicide-leading-cause-pregnancy-associated-death-louisiana
http://charleyproject.org/case/alexis-geraldo-hernandez
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Disappearance_of_Kristen_Modafferi
https://www.altaonline.com/dispatches/a5143/a-tale-of-two-killings/
http://charleyproject.org/case/wendy-jamie-abrams-nishikai
http://pwc-sii.com/Research/research/serial.htm
https://www.sjgov.org/sheriff/coldcases/03-17268.pdf
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2020.11.12 13:36 InternetFreedomIn Amendment to the Telecom Suspension Rules offers little protection against arbitrary and prolonged internet shutdowns #KeepUsOnline

Amendment to the Telecom Suspension Rules offers little protection against arbitrary and prolonged internet shutdowns #KeepUsOnline

https://preview.redd.it/vmvmlpuwzsy51.png?width=1024&format=png&auto=webp&s=61b1f1a0272062239c32b21fc57232daf177e46c

Tl;dr

The central government recently amended the Telecom Suspension Rules 2017 to insert Rule 2A which specifies that an internet shutdown order can remain in operation for a maximum period of 15 days. This amendment represents a missed opportunity for wider reform because it fails to incorporate directions issued by the Supreme Court in Anuradha Bhasin v. Union of India requiring proactive publication of internet shutdown orders and periodic review by the Review Committee every seven working days. Further, the choice of 15 days as the appropriate length of time for the validity of a suspension order will limit the utility of the recent amendment since most internet shutdowns do not last 15 days. Finally, the amendment was notified without any public consultation and the government cannot shirk its duty to comprehensively evaluate and reform the legal framework for internet shutdowns by implementing such cosmetic changes.

What is the legal procedure for ordering internet shutdowns?

On 10 November 2020, the Central Government issued a gazette notification inserting Rule 2A into the Temporary Suspension of Telecom Services (Public Emergency or Public Safety) Rules, 2017. The newly inserted Rule 2A states that “the suspension order issued by the competent authority under sub-rule (1) shall not be in operation for more than fifteen days.” Before we analyse the impact of this amendment, we must first understand the legal framework for internet shutdowns in India. Prior to 2017, internet shutdowns were routinely ordered by District Magistrates under Section 144, Code of Criminal Procedure 1973. However, as the Supreme Court has noted in Anuradha Bhasin v. Union of India, the legal position changed after the Telecom Suspension Rules were notified in 2017 and “with the promulgation of the Suspension Rules, the States are using the aforesaid Rules to restrict telecom services including access to the internet.”
Under Rule 2(1) of the Telecom Suspension Rules, an internet shutdown order should be issued by the Home Secretary of the central or state government. Under Rule 2(6) of the Telecom Suspension Rules, the central or state level Review Committee is required to review internet shutdown orders issued by the Home Secretary within five working days and determine whether the orders demonstrate a ‘public emergency’ or threat to ‘public safety’ under Section 5(2) of the Indian Telegraph Act, 1885. These limited procedural safeguards present in the text of the Telecom Suspension Rules were found to be inadequate by the Supreme Court in Anuradha Bhasin v. Union of India, and additional requirements were read into the Rules by the judiciary to perform a gap filling role till the legislature stepped in. In particular, the Supreme Court issued directions requiring (a) proactive publication, (b) time limitation and (c) periodic review of internet shutdown orders.
[Extracts from judgement in Anuradha Bhasin v. Union of India]
The final position which emerges upon reading Rule 2(6) of the Telecom Suspension Rules with the judgement of the Supreme Court in Anuradha Bhasin v. Union of India is that an internet shutdown order must be reviewed by the Review Committee within five working days of its issuance and it should subsequently be reviewed every seven working days from the date of the last review. With insertion of Rule 2A, this would mean that each internet shutdown order should be reviewed only once by the Review Committee during its 15 day life span. For instance, if an internet shutdown order was issued today i.e. 12 November 2020, it could only remain in operation till 26 November 2020 (15 days time limit under Rule 2A). If we assume Saturday and Sunday to be non-working days, the order would have to be reviewed by the Review Committee but only once on 18 November 2020 (first review within five working days under Rule 2(6)) since the second review would be due on 27 November (periodic review after every seven working days of last review as per Anuradha Bhasin v. Union of India) by when the order would have expired.

Amendment represents missed opportunity for wider reform

By limiting the duration of each suspension order to 15 days, the recent amendment provides statutory recognition to the Supreme Court’s direction that internet shutdowns must be temporary only and any indefinite suspension of telecom services is not permissible under the law. However, the amendment fails to incorporate other directions issued by the Supreme Court requiring proactive publication of internet shutdown orders and periodic review by the Review Committee every seven working days from the date of the last review.
(i) Fails to promote compliance with Anuradha Bhasin v. Union of India As we have uncovered through the RTI Act, compliance by state governments with the judgment of the Supreme Court in Anuradha Bhasin v. Union of India remains low. For instance, several state governments have imposed internet shutdowns in 2020 without publishing the underlying orders and they have even refused to provide this information in response to RTI applications. Therefore, the recent amendment represents a missed opportunity to incorporate proactive publication and periodic review as a mandatory duty within the text of the Telecom Suspension Rules which would have increased awareness about these judicially introduced requirements and boosted compliance by state governments.
(ii) Adopts prolonged internet shutdowns as the baseline The choice of 15 days as the appropriate length of time for the validity of an internet shutdown order will limit the utility of the recent amendment. While regions like Jammu & Kashmir and Darjeeling, West Bengal have experienced very prolonged restrictions, most internet shutdowns in India do not last for 15 days. Therefore, the amendment appears to have been drafted using extreme cases as the baseline and it will not create any additional obligations for government authorities in the vast majority of cases. Even in regions like Jammu & Kashmir, the amendment may lead to a nominal increase in paperwork for government officials who will have to issue orders more frequently to extend the ongoing internet shutdown but it does not prevent the government from routinely issuing boilerplate orders every 15 days.
(iii) Lack of stakeholder consultation and public participation While reform of the Telecom Suspension Rules is undoubtedly necessary, such an exercise will not be meaningful unless it is preceded by stakeholder engagement and public consultation. On 06 February 2020, the Minister of State for Communications had stated in Rajya Sabha that the central government will review the Telecom Suspension Rules and conduct stakeholder consultation in view of the Supreme Court’s observations in Anuradha Bhasin v. Union of India. Earlier this year, IFF had also written to the Department of Telecommunications and Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs to follow up on this assurance and urged the government to commence the public consultation process for review of the Telecom Suspension Rules. However, till date, this promise has not been fulfilled and Rule 2A was unilaterally inserted into Telecom Suspension Rules without any stakeholder consultation or public participation.
In conclusion, the recent amendments to the Telecom Suspension Rules may be characterized as a bandaid applied on a bullet wound which does little to prevent the patient from bleeding out. The central government cannot shirk its duty to comprehensively evaluate and reform the legal framework for internet shutdowns by implementing such cosmetic changes. Most importantly, any credible legal reform process should involve public consultation and it must also address wider problems such as economic damage caused by internet shutdowns and the ineffectiveness of internet shutdowns at preventing violence.

Important Links

  1. Gazette notification dated 10.11.2020 issued by DoT amending Telecom Suspension Rules (link)
  2. Judgement of the Supreme Court in Anuradha Bhasin v. Union of India dated 10.01.2020 (link)
  3. Previous post titled ‘RTI responses from Andhra Pradesh and Gujarat show compliance failure with the Anuradha Bhasin Internet Shutdown decision’ dated 10.11.2020 (link)
  4. Previous post titled ‘Can’t Drop the Ball on Internet Shutdown Reform’ dated 04.04.2020 (link)
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2020.11.10 22:48 colorcodedcards 3 months ago I posted a writeup about Robbin Slaughter, a 37-year-old man who vanished without a trace while walking to a convenience store in Owensboro, KY in 1993—NAMUS has forwarded my potential match with the Cleveland John Doe to law enforcement for DNA comparison!

Hi everyone! I was inspired by u/TheBonesofAutumn to post an update on Robbin Lewis Slaughter's case (original post included below) which I did a write-up on a few months ago. I had identified a set of remains from a male homicide victim found in a chimney in Cleveland as a potential match for Robbin and submitted the match to NAMUS for consideration. A few days ago, I received an email from the program officer letting me know that he will be forwarding the match to both law enforcement agencies for a potential DNA comparison!
Also, I am currently working on an extensive write-up of the case of Toni Danieelle Clark which has been nearly 3 years in the making (I've interviewed her family and friends as well as the law enforcement officers originally assigned to her case over the past few months in addition to FOIA requests) so stay tuned! My goal is to submit it to a newspaper as a long-form investigative journalism piece but I will post it on here regardless (totally a shot in the dark, but if anyone here has experience pitching articles, I'd love to speak with you!).
"A sweet and lovable person"
Robbin Lewis Slaughter was born to Dorothy ‘Dot’ Slaughter and William J. Slaughter in Owensboro, KY in the predominately black West End neighborhood. By all accounts, Slaughter––who was 36-years-old at the time of his disappearance––was a bit of a homebody. He kept his social circle small and rarely ventured outside the 5 or 6 places he frequented in town. He didn’t drive and usually got around town on foot––even his workplace was 1.3 miles (less than a 30-minute walk) from his home. He didn’t drink, gamble, or go out on the town. Slaughter’s coworkers at the Owensboro Public Works Department described the 16-year-veteran clean-up crew member as a diligent and hard worker who was never late or missed a day of work. Rudd Slaughter, Robbin’s older brother, was also employed by the department as a sanitation truck driver and the pair would sometimes work together.
“He’s a good worker. He’s very dependable,” said Cissy Gregson, director of Owensboro’s sanitation department. “He’s easygoing. He wouldn’t get in a confrontation with anybody.”
Slaughter was extraordinarily close with his family. “Even though he was grown, he lived with my mom until a couple of months before he was married,” Slaughter’s sister Kitty Board said. Dot even had power of attorney over her son’s finances up until he married Lucinda.
“He was a sweet and lovable person, but he needed looking after,” Board said.
Robbin Slaughter married his childhood friend Lucinda in 1991 after a whirlwind romance. The pair went out a few times when Lucinda was 15, although the two didn’t begin dating seriously until 12 years later when they reconnected at church. After Lucinda was critically injured in a car accident in 1990, Robbin visited her regularly during the two months she was in the hospital. Lucinda says Robbin’s frequent visits convinced her of his caring nature and she started to see him as a potential father figure for her two daughters.
Robbin’s family was skeptical of his budding romance and felt the couple was moving too fast. Both Slaughter’s brother and mother said they noticed a change in his behavior after the marriage. He used to like to listen to music and sports but “he cut back when he got married” according to Rudd.
“He changed,” his brother recalled. “He wouldn’t come out as often. He settled down, just went to work and church.” Slaughter’s mother reported that after his marriage to Lucinda, he didn’t visit as often (he used to visit her once a month).
His sister said that even after the marriage her family never accepted her brother’s wife and stepdaughters, and that there was a mutual agreement that “we don’t question each other’s lives." Lucinda herself readily admitted that Slaughter’s family didn’t get along with her, although she claims that she reconciled with Slaughter’s mother in the years following Robbin’s disappearance.
Slaughter was the polar opposite of someone who would run away to start a new life.
"He never went on any trips without family," said Slaughter's sister, Kitty Board. “He didn't stay away from home.... He never ventured out of his comfort zone. If you would say, 'Where's Robbin?' there were five or six places he could be."
Timeline –– (Google Map of important locations)
When Slaughter vanished on the evening of Saturday, November 14, 1993 it was a shock.
“He’d not been out of state and very seldom out of town,” Board said. “He’s not the type of person who would plan to leave.”
Slaughter’s wife Lucinda told police that that evening, at around 9pm, her husband left their home at 2714 West 10th Street to walk to Franey’s Food Mart which was a trip he made frequently. It was an unseasonably warm day for mid-November, with a high near 75 degrees. At night, however, the temperature dropped as a line of evening thunderstorms moved through the area so Slaughter chose to put his gray and blue sweater on over his athletic shirt. He was also wearing a pair of blue jeans and white tennis shoes.
Lucinda said that Slaughter let her know that he would be back in around 40 to 45 minutes. She told police that her husband was not distraught when he left the house and did not notice anything strange about his behavior.
The convenience store was less than a 15-minute walk from Slaughter’s home so it made a perfect destination for an evening walk. Of the two possible routes he could have taken, both went through quiet, tree-lined streets dotted with small single-family homes. Franey’s is located at the intersection of Cravens Avenue and Carter Road on the far west end of town. The southwest corner of this intersection marks the beginning of a vast expanse of farmland and open fields. On this night, however, Slaughter never made it inside the store.
The next morning at around 9 or 9:30am Lucinda Slaughter knocked on Board’s door, inquiring as to whether Board had seen her brother. When Board said that she hadn’t, Slaughter reported her husband missing.
Being a small, locally-owned chain, the cashier at Franey’s was familiar with Slaughter as he was a regular customer. Connie Carlisle, the cashier working on the night of Slaughter’s disappearance, told police that Slaughter never entered the store that evening, something which a review of surveillance footage from inside the store confirmed. One witness placed him in the parking lot at Franey’s but this report was never confirmed.
“A (teen-age) boy talked with him in the parking lot, but he (Slaughter) never came in,” Carlisle later told a reporter. According to Carlisle, Slaughter and this boy “were friends.” The police apparently talked to the teenager Slaughter was last seen with but the boy denied talking with Slaughter and said he had only seen him in the parking lot.
His mother and siblings quickly cast doubt on the idea that Slaughter chose to disappear––he was extremely close with his family and would never abandon them. Sgt. Michael Walker of the Owensboro Police Department’s criminal investigations bureau concurred with the family’s assessment, stating that “there were no extraordinary circumstances that stood out as to why he would fit the profile of someone who would want to get away from it all.” The police did not find anything in Slaughter’s background that indicated he had any reason to disappear.
"He had family here," Sgt. Walker said. "There were no significant issues he was facing that would prompt him to take off without a word to anyone."
Slaughter did not have any financial troubles or known enemies that might have led him to abandon his quiet life in Owensboro. Both Lucinda and Slaughter’s family said that he was happy in the marriage and that he cared deeply for his stepdaughters.
Even if Slaughter wanted to leave Owensboro and start a new life elsewhere, he would need to either get a ride from someone or take public transportation because he didn’t have a car. A year and a half before Slaughter’s disappearance a new bus terminal opened at 1216 E. 2nd Street with daily service to Evansville and Henderson. The terminal is just over a 3 mile walk from the Franey’s Food Mart where Slaughter was last seen and would take him roughly an hour to travel there on foot. Besides, a number of Slaughter’s relatives lived close by.
At the same time, there was no evidence a crime had taken place. Yet police see no other possibility aside from foul play.
“They should have done this years ago”: Investigating (and excluding) Lucinda as a suspect
The police investigation quickly hit a dead end in 1993, which is perhaps partially due to a number of problems impacting the department. Chief Ulysses Embry, a 40-year veteran of the Owensboro Police Department, retired in May of 1992 and left the department in need of new leadership. Tensions between the Police Department and City Hall reached a fever pitch in 1993 when disgruntled patrol officers with the Fraternal Order of Police organized a Back the Blue campaign. The department had also recently hired a number of new officers, most of whom were young and inexperienced.
“The police department has got some young boys,” Embry told reporters in 1993. “These boys mean well, but they will learn that they have got the responsibility of their job.”
The police were slow to investigate Slaughter's disappearance initially and none of the news reports mentions a search being conducted for him. The extent of the police investigation in 1993 appears to have consisted of two 'witness' interviews (the clerk and the teenage boy) and a review of surveillance footage from Franey's. It wasn't until 2002 that police are known to have conducted a physical search for Slaughter.
Two searches of Lucinda Calhoun’s (she remarried in the years following Robbin's disappearance) former property at 2714 W. 10th Street were conducted in 2002 and a portion of the property was excavated after cadaver dogs alerted to the location. A separate portion of the adjoining backyard of 2710 W. 10th Street, Lucinda's mother's house, was also excavated. Officers originally identified Lucinda as a possible suspect in the early weeks of Slaughter’s disappearance based on rumors that she had harmed her husband. Lt. Ken Bennett declined to disclose how authorities obtained the new information but said that “it’s more detailed [...] than the earlier rumors." Lucinda gave police permission to search and excavate the backyard, but on the second day of the search police returned with a search warrant for the home on the property because they expected to conduct a “much more elaborate” search.
[Photos of the search]
Authorities dug two holes on Lucinda’s property––one 6-feet deep by 10-feet wide portion was excavated along the back fence with a second 3-feet deep by 3-feet wide excavation site in the center of the backyard. Before dawn on the second day of the search, detectives used Luminol inside the home to search for blood and seized a handful of items––including a door––for additional testing.
“They said they would do this quietly, and they’re here at church time,” Lucinda told reporters during the search. “They should have done this nine years ago.”
After the searches of Lucinda’s property came up empty in 2002, police officially classified Slaughter’s disappearance as a cold case. Lt. Bennett told the media at the time that the case would remain cold until new information surfaces. In the meantime, Lt. Bennett said that the Owensboro Police would continue to treat Slaughter’s disappearance as a noncriminal missing person case.
Lucinda accused the police of harassment, claiming that they unfairly targeted her as a suspect in her husband’s disappearance. Members of the St. Louis-based Universal African People’s Organization joined Lucinda’s family and friends in gathering in front of Lucinda’s former home to provide moral support and call attention to what they described as "police harassment." Representatives of the group later met with Mayor Waymond Morris and Owensboro Police Chief John Kazlauskas.
Morris told the media that he had a “very cordial conversation” with the group, although he dismissed the accusations of harassment as unfounded.
“I just listened to what they said, and I told them I’d look into it,” Morris recalled. “They said they wanted me to look into possible harassment. I think they feel like that maybe on several different occasions the police department has been overaggressive in searching.”
Police excluded Lucinda as a suspect in her husband's disappearance after the search in 2002. She has always maintained her innocence and continues to search for answers in his case.
Racism
While researching this case, I came across an online forum page for Owensboro where residents apparently discuss community issues (in reality it seems to be used to gossip/harass people). One of the posts, created a month ago, concerns Robbin’s nephew who still lives in the town and reads:
“I wonder if that loud mouth n***** still works at Hunter Douglas, I quit because I got sick of listening to his loud mouth, he is one worthless n*****!!!”
Obviously this is an anonymous comment posted online so it has to be taken with a grain of salt but the fact that the poster uses the n-word (which appears uncensored in the original post) is noteworthy. While Robbin’s social circle was small, the Slaughter family was well-known in Owensboro. Kitty Board was (and still is) heavily involved in the West End community and openly spoke out against the gun violence plaguing the neighborhood. In fact, Board was quoted extensively in the local newspaper four months prior to her brother's disappearance in an article about illegal firearms.
The Owensboro police have also been accused of racial profiling and police brutality. The town has quite the storied legacy when it comes to questionable law enforcement tactics. In 1968, after a young black man named Jerry Brown was shot and killed at a local white-owned nightclub, protests broke out in “the Negro West End” of the city. 20 people were arrested. Then Mayor Irvin Terrill pledged to “dissolve the militant influence” which he claimed was behind the violent outbreak, namely, the “Negro gangs.” Police Chief Vernie Bidwell doubled down on the mayor’s threat, warning that the police were “tired” of being cursed by “young punks” and would crack down.
Mayor Waymond Morris came under fire in 2000 for his lackluster response to protests over the fatal shooting of Tyrone Clayton Jr. Clayton was shot twice by Owensboro Police Officer Lorhn Frazier after he was pulled over for reckless driving. The Mayor sent a letter to NAACP attorney Evan Taylor to inform the group that he would no longer be meeting with them at city hall.
Accidental death?
There are hundreds of acres of farmland just 100 feet from the convenience store which one could ostensibly get lost in easily especially at night. The issue with this theory is that Slaughter disappeared in mid-November, which is after fall planting season. The fact that the field would have been recently plowed coupled with the flat terrain of the area would make it exceedingly difficult for someone to get lost.
Satellite images show a small retention pond on this nearby farm located roughly 730 feet from intersection near Franey’s which could most easily be reached by walking parallel to the rear of the houses on Carter Road. The pond is bound by fields on three sides so it is possible that Slaughter wasn’t able to see it if he was walking in the dark. From what I was able to find out, the catch basin was created in 1987 by the local government to reduce flash flooding on Carter Road, so it would have been there at the time of Slaughter’s disappearance.
Most retention ponds have a depth of 4-6 feet so if the water level was high, Slaughter (who was 5’ 7”) may not have been able to stand. If Slaughter didn’t know how to swim, it’s possible that he fell in and struggled to get his bearings on the thick layer of sediment on the bottom of the pond and drowned. Since his lungs would have filled with water, his body would have sunk to the bottom of the pond and subsequently covered by sediment. Retention ponds are typically dredged every 5-10 years, however, so if Slaughter’s body was there, I would assume that some of his remains would have been discovered. Also, because the retention pond appears to be owned by the city itself, they presumably would be able to search it without a warrant.
Questions
I honestly have nothing but questions about this case.
  1. Did police ever search the area around Franey's food mart? From what I can tell, they only searched Lucinda's property. If they didn't search the area––why not? Did the police take the case seriously from the beginning?
  2. Given the fact that Slaughter's mother had power of attorney over his finances until he was in his 30s and he didn't drive, it seems highly unlikely that he could have disappeared on his own (although he has no motive to run away). The only scenario in which a voluntary disappearance makes sense to me is if Slaughter met someone and the two planned on starting a new life together somewhere else. But who?
  3. As far as I know, Lucinda was eliminated as a suspect after the searches in 2002 leaving the police with zero other leads. Was this a random crime of opportunity and Slaughter just happened to be in the wrong place at the wrong time? Could he have seen something he shouldn't have and been kidnapped and killed in retaliation?
There are no unidentified persons on NAMUS matching Slaughter's description except one. In 1999, a furnace installer in Cleveland was attempting to clear a blockage in the chimney when he discovered what appeared to be human remains. The partial remains were later identified as those of a black male, age 37-47 (Slaughter disappeared nine days before his 37th birthday), who died "by violence of undetermined origin." The unidentified man was 5'7" (same height) and had died sometime between 1900 and 1999.
Here is a side-by-side comparison of the two.
The only things that don't line up are the location and the clothing found on the body. John Doe was found in a chimney in Cleveland, OH––a 7-hour drive from Owensboro, KY. Slaughter didn't drive and he had never left the state so if this were him, he must have been taken to Cleveland alive and then killed at some point (but why drive someone 7 hours away?). John Doe's clothing also doesn't match the description of when Slaughter was last seen, although if he was taken so far away he might have changed clothes.
EDIT: Thanks so much everyone for taking the time to read about this case and for kind words––Robbin's disappearance is very confusing and troubling (as well as basically unreported outside of Owensboro) so I'm happy that more people can learn about his story!
EDIT 2: I submitted Robbin as a potential match for the Cleveland John Doe and will post an update if I hear back.
EDIT 3 (11/3): The NAMUS regional program officer just responded to my submission of a potential match and it has been forwarded to both investigating agencies for future DNA comparison of Robbin and the Cleveland John Doe.
Sources
Joy Campbell, “Search for body comes up empty: Police follow up on new information in 9-year-old case of missing man,” Owensboro Messenger-Inquirer, September 9, 2002, pg. 1-2A. [part 1, part 2]
Matthew Francis, “Protest by civil rights activists will not be heard by city officials,” Owensboro Messenger-Inquirer, November 30, 2000, pg. 3.
Dan Heckel, “Case leaves family in limbo: Probe of man’s 1993 disappearance has gone nowhere,” Owensboro Messenger-Inquirer, November 17, 1996, pg. 1-2A. [part 1, part 2]
––– “Family’s hoping for safe return of missing man,” Owensboro Messenger-Inquirer, February 14, 1994, pg. 1-2A. [part 1, part 2]
Stewart Jennison, “Buses coming to town: Daily trips will link Owensboro with Evansville,” Owensboro Messenger-Inquirer, May 16, 1992, pg. 9.
James Mayse, “Unfinished Business,” Owensboro Messenger-Inquirer, April 20, 2015, pg. A1.
Tracy McQueen, “Mayoral candidates agree: Police morale needs improvement,” Owensboro Messenger-Inquirer, October 31, 1995, pg. 1.
––– “Police Chief Embry to retire: Announcement brings 40-year career to close,” Owensboro Messenger-Inquirer, May 7, 1992, pg. 1.
Police looking for missing 36-year-old man,” Owensboro Messenger-Inquirer, November 18, 1993, pg. 21.
Justin Willis, “Police call off second search of yard: Effort to locate missing man for 9 years continues,” Owensboro Messenger-Inquirer, September 13, 2002, pg. 1-2A. [part 1, part. 2]
––– “St. Louis group extends support in investigation of missing man: Organization claims police harassing woman whose 1st husband disappeared,” Owensboro Messenger-Inquirer, October 30, 2002, pg. 1-2A. [part 1, part 2]
––– "Woman: Police causing ‘heartaches and harm,’” Owensboro Messenger-Inquirer, October 4, 2002, pg. 1-2A. [part 1, part 2]
submitted by colorcodedcards to UnresolvedMysteries [link] [comments]


2020.11.09 23:54 pulpcrystal Return of the Apes is one of the best unproduced scripts of all-time.

Hey y’all. Allow me to take a break from my pilot spec. Okay. After reading up on Jingle All The Way’s production history, I caught wind of a canceled Planet of the Apes movie/franchise.
For context, in 1993, Fox tasked Oliver Stone to be the executive producer for a potential Planet of the Apes reboot. Yes, the same Oliver Stone known for directing Natural Born Killers and Platoon and penning Scarface and Conan the Barbarian. Little fun fact: he fucking hated Planet of the Apes. So, you know what he pitched to the Fox execs? A conspiracy thriller set in the Stone Age, involving time travel and numeric codes in the Bible.
I know what you're thinking. What the fuck, right? Know how the execs reacted to it? They threw money at him and told him, “Get on it!”
Once greenlit, Stone chose Terry Hayes — writer of Road Warrior and Mad Max Beyond (the motherfucking) Thunderdome. Before the completion of the first draft, Schwarzenegger signed onto the film under the pretense that it was going to be a gory, action film. Rumor has it that Ben Kinglsey signed on too. Soon after, Stone nabbed Phillip Noyce (of Patriot Games fame) as director. Did I mention that Stan Winston was going to do the effects? So, chances were audiences were going to get either something akin to Burton's film or some shit out of Congo.
This project was going steady... until Hayes' first draft. Once Hayes gave the studio his first draft in 1996, Fox Chairman Peter Chernin thought it was one of the best scripts he ever read. Great, right? Well, the rest of the Fox execs were not fans. Hayes fought for his creative decisions but realized it was a lost cause. He soon exited the project. Once Hayes left the project, everyone else followed suit.
I’ll try to pitch the screenplay’s premise the best I can. Fair word of warning, I’m not the best at loglines:
“When the world suffers from a prenatal pandemic, a has-been geneticist uses biochemistry to time travel to the Stone Age in hopes of identifying the cause. Once he's in the Stone Age, his mission comes to a halt as he encounters an advanced ape civilization that's hellbent on violence and making the human race inferior.”
I'm not sure if my logline made it seem a bit dull, but this script is a lot of fun. Ho-ly shit. Granted, the first twenty-four or so pages are a slow burn. It reads a lot like a Crichton novel. But once it hits page 25, you are in for a fucking time. Believe me.
By it being written by the same guy behind the craziest films of the MM franchise, it lends itself to sheer creative insanity. Many online articles sell the creativity of this script short, so allow me to clue you in on a few of its novelties:
I’ll be blunt. Just like if you were Bob Gale trying to pitch Back to the Future to movie studios, it sounds like an absolute dumpster fire. ("You're trying to tell me a guy goes back in time to date his mom to ensure that his family and himself are born?") However, Return of the Apes works. Too well, actually. And I'm totally not even a fan of the screenplay’s treatment of children. But like Harlan Ellison, Hayes is just so "punk" about the material that it works.
If you do research, in 1994, producer Don Murphy was pitching this as Gorillas in the Mist meets Terminator. Pft, it's not even close to that. The script is straight-up an R-rated jumble between Back to the Future, Army of Darkness, and Planet of the Apes.
That said, it was for the best that this script wasn't made. Back then, Planet of the Apes was a franchise known for the rubber masks, politics, and movie marathons. How did Hayes translate that into a high-octane, hyperviolent time travel Stone Age action film is beyond me. What is more surreal is that a producer suggested for the script to have comedy. How? With a scene where apes play baseball. That's not in the screenplay, but I think this gives a good instance of the creative differences between Hayes & the studio.
This post is way longer than I expected lol. If this sounds of interest to you, please, by all means, give the script a read. Here's the link to the PDF (unformatted); here's also one that's html. Although I read the PDF, the formatting makes for a difficult read.
Alright, I’m out. And don’t be an ass, wear a mask.
submitted by pulpcrystal to Screenwriting [link] [comments]


2020.11.09 01:36 resussun_official The Testament of Solomon

WHO WAS KING SOLOMON?
Solomon is known for his wisdom, wealth, and his writings. Son of King David and Bathsheba, Solomon was the third and last king in the ancient United Kingdom of Israel. Despite not being the eldest, David promised Bathsheba that Solomon would be the next king, and he was anointed by a priest in secret while David was still alive after David’s eldest son declared himself king.
David’s closest advisors as well as the priest opposed this ordeal, siding with David’s eldest, Adonijah. As the eldest, it was tradition that he would become the next king, and yet Solomon was given that role instead of him. When Adonijah came to Solomon to request the king’s servant as a wife, Solomon saw it as a threat to thwart his kingship, and sent a messenger to kill Adonijah. He then banished one of the advisors who supported Adonijah (Abiathar) and killed the second (Joab). Solomon then went on to kill the last enemies of his father and appointed his friends into positions of power within the kingdom.
King Solomon is described as enormously wealthy, ruling over a rich and peaceful kingdom, (many people today believe this to be an exaggeration). Once he had ensured his kingdom's success, he began to build the Holy Temple. Sources go on to say, “He received wood from King Hiram of Tyre and imposed a compulsory labor service on both the Israelites and the foreign nations that were under his control. His workers built the structure of the Temple, its decorations and its vessels.” Said temple took 7 years to complete. Solomon is renowned for his other building accomplishments, of which he used slave labor from the Hittites, Amorites, Perizzites, Hivites and Jebusites.
He had many foreign wives whom he allowed to worship other gods. It is said that, “Outside Solomon’s kingdom, Hadad, of the royal family of Edom, rose up as an adversary of Israel.” Hadad the Edomite is a character mentioned in the First Book of Kings who was an adversary of King Solomon after Solomon turned to idols. Moreover, Edom is described as one of the petty kingdoms in Transjordan that forced Moses to circle east of them during the Exodus of Egypt.
The name Hadad is also mentioned under “Ba’al-Hadad”, (Baal translating to mean “Lord”). Baal-Hadad, Hadda or even Haddu, is said to have been the god of fertility, rain, thunder and lightning in ancient Canaanite and Mesopotamian religions. Baal-Hadad is mentioned numerous times in the Hebrew bible as Yahweh's chief rival deity, often simply referred to as "Ba'al". (See my summary of Ba’al for more details). The connection between the royal figure and the deity is unclear. Solomon died in Jerusalem and was buried in the City of David.
THE TESTAMENT OF SOLOMON
The testament of Solomon begins with the mention of the demon Ornias, in that he would steal food and money from the “chief-devisers little boy”, who was very much loved by Solomon. Ornias is said to suck the boy's soul from his right thumb each night, until Solomon questions the boy on why he looks so unwell. The boy confesses to Solomon what is going on, and Solomon is said to have prayed day and night within his temple of God with the hope that this demon would be delivered into his hands, and that he may rule over him. The archangel Michael then brings Solomon a ring and tells him to wear it alongside the seal of God. He claims that Solomon can use this ring to lock up all of the demons of the earth and that he could use the help from these demons to build up Jerusalem. On the ring is described the marking of a Pentalpha, which is another word for Pentagram.
Solomon gives the ring to the boy and tells him to throw it at the chest of Ornias to capture him, which the boy does, and promptly brings the now captured demon to Solomon’s palace court gates. Ornias is described as a shapeshifting demon under the zodiacal sign of Aquarius. In the Testament of Solomon, he claims to be the offspring of Uriel. After interrogating him, Solomon binds Ornias before giving him the ring and ordering him to fetch the prince of all demons: Beelzebub, (Another name for the pagan god Ba’al, Baalzebul, Beelzeboul; the equivalent of the greek god Zeus). Ba’al is the king of gods and storms, one of many worshipped by the people of Canaan during this time period.
Solomon uses Beelzebub to bring all other demons unto him, the first being a female demon called Onoskelis. She is described as living in caves and ravines, with the fair body of a woman, but with the legs of a mule. She goes on to say, ("I am [subjected] to thee, O king, by the wisdom of God given to thee, and by the angel Joel."), in that she is subservient to the authority running through Solomon given by God, and is described as consorting with men in the semblance of a woman. Solomon forces her to stand day and night, spinning hemp for the ropes used in building his holy temple. Her appearance in itself could be a reference to Pan in the sense that she is portrayed as a female satyr. The name Onoskelis is also associated with the hobgoblin Empusa, who is credited as the first vampire-like creature in western mythology. Between that and the sexual nature of the god Pan, she could very well be one of the first mentions of what today is called a succubus. (Any female based entity that feeds on humans in a sexual nature, usually during their sleep). In Greek traditions, Empusa fed on blood by seducing young men. See source quotes, “After climax, her victims would fall deep asleep and she would drink their blood and eat their flesh.” and “Because the empusae fed while her victims sleep, they were credited with producing the sleep paralysis phenomena, and in medieval times, they became associated with the Succubus, as depraved entities that liked to prey on innocent sleeping men.”
The next demon that Solomon faces is that of Asmodeus, who he binds and orders to make clay for his temple by treading it down with his feet, all while carrying jars of water, “ "As the Lord God of my fathers liveth, I will lay iron on thee to wear. But thou shalt also make the clay for the entire construction of the Temple, treading it down with thy feet." And I ordered them to give him ten water-jars to carry water in. “. Asmodeus himself is a demon of lust, described to prevent intercourse between husband and wife, destroy new marriages, and compel husbands to commit adultery. The book of Tobit tells how Asmodeus lusted after a young woman named Sarah and killed each of her seven husbands before the marriages could be consummated. Other takes on the story however state that Asmodeus was in love with Sarah, and that he would kill the men who lusted after her due their impure intentions. He is later bested by Sarah’s husband Tobias when he plots with the archangel Raphael to drive Asmodeus away using the smell of a glanos fish, which Asmodeus apparently hates. Raphael is said to have tracked him down when he fled and bound him. In the testament of Solomon, Asmodeus tells Solomon that he can predict the future, and that he is the offspring of a human mother and an angel father. Asmodeus states that he is afraid of water, and that Solomon’s hold over the demons will be short. Solomon has further encounters with Asmodeus after the temple is built, but that story will be discussed in a future post.
Solomon then brings forth the demon Tephras (demon of ashes), of which the demon claims that he is thwarted by the archangel Azael (not to be confused with Azrael). This causes confusion in the sense that Azael is another name for Azazel, one of the angels cast from heaven during the story of the Watchers, in which the angels bred with human women and took them as their wives, essentially being corrupted by the humans they were meant to watch over. The offspring were called nephilim, or “giants”, and were portrayed as evil. This story takes place before Solomon’s time, meaning that Azael should have already been a fallen angel. That being said, if many angels were cast down from heaven as punishment for procreating with humans, why then was Uriel left untouched when he produced the offspring Ornias, the first demon that Solomon encounters? Ornias, like Asmodeus, is said to have been created from the seed of an angel and a human mother. These questions appear to have no answer.
Solomon goes on to summon a variety of other demons, of which appear to be alterations of the pagan gods of Canaan during that time period, with Solomon mentioning several Greek deities by name. He summons 7 female demons, one of which states, “We change our place all and together, and together we live, sometimes in Lydia, sometimes in Olympus, sometimes in a great mountain." This is referring to the Pleiades, with the 7th demon stating during Solomon’s interrogation, “I am the worst, and I make thee worse off than thou wast; because I will impose the bonds of Artemis.” The Pleiades Constellation is known as the Seven Sisters, and in Greek lore are said to have been the daughters of Atlas and Pleione, nymphs in the train of Artemis. The rest of his encounters appear to feature both Medusa and Poseidon, with the rest of the encounters being brief and without much detail.
It becomes clear that this is taking place during or around the religious slaughter of the people of Canaan, because Solomon is said to have lusted after a Canaan woman who he wished to marry. She however refuses to sleep with him unless he paid tribute to their gods of worship, which he does. As mentioned previously, he does take many foreign wives and does allow them to worship their gods of choice despite calling them idols. The text quotes, “And after that I was obliged by her to build a temple of idols to Baal [1], and to Rapha, and to Moloch, and to the other idols. “, all of which were gods of worship to the people of Canaan. Other sources state, “One theory takes literally the statement in I Kings 6:1 that the Exodus from Egypt occurred 480 years before Solomon began building the Temple in Jerusalem. This occurred in the fourth year of his reign, about 960 BCE; therefore, the Exodus would date about 1440 BCE.” It is clear the story of Solomon takes place some time after the Exodus, but the exact dates appear to be unclear.
Furthermore, Solomon takes slaves from a variety of Canaan tribes to work on his buildings. One of these tribes was that of the Amorites, who were also called “Giants”. (The height and strength mentioned in Amos 2:9 has led some Christian scholars, including Orville J. Nave, who wrote the Nave's Topical Bible, to refer to the Amorites as "giants".) This is relevant because as mentioned before, the offspring of the fallen angels and humans were also called Giants. (“The hybrids born from this unnatural union were no ordinary children. (Genesis 6:4) The Nephilim were giant bullies, tyrants who filled the earth with violence. “) The Nephilim Giants were said to have been wiped out during the Great Flood, but that they also still remained afterwards. The identity of the nephilim themselves is largely debated even today. Similarly enough, The Book of Joshua speaks of the Amorites being slaughtered by Joshua, and that their kings were defeated at the waters of Merom by Joshua as well. For those who did not know already, Moses was the one who initiated the Israelite conquest into the “promised land” of Canaan. Joshua was Moses' assistant and became the leader of the Israelite tribes after the death of Moses, allocating the land to the tribes. In conclusion, it is my personal belief that the Testament of Solomon itself is not a testament at all, but a story with ties into what was historically happening in that area during that time.
SOURCES
https://www.ancient.eu/solomon/
https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/king-solomon
https://mythology.wikia.org/wiki/Baal-Hadad
https://genies.fandom.com/wiki/Ornias
https://www.deliriumsrealm.com/onoskelis/
https://occult-world.com/onoskelis/
https://www.mythicalcreaturescatalogue.com/post/2016/06/17/empusa-greece-italy
https://occult-world.com/asmodeus-asmoday/
https://guardianangelguide.com/angel-azael/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amorites#:~:text=The%20term%20Amorites%20is%20used,10%3A16).
https://www.jw.org/en/bible-teachings/questions/nephilim-giants/
https://answersingenesis.org/bible-characters/who-were-the-nephilim/
https://www.britannica.com/biography/Moses-Hebrew-prophet
http://www.tonyburke.ca/wp-content/uploads/test_solomon.pdf
https://archive.org/stream/cu31924028957400?ref=ol#page/n139/mode/2up
https://archive.org/stream/jstor-1450398/1450398_djvu.txt
submitted by resussun_official to pantheonsplayground [link] [comments]


2020.11.08 06:02 firewhiskers Girl Defined Exposed

Girl Defined Exposed
So Bethany and Ellissa have been whining about persecution and hate today and while I certainly don't think some of that is unjustified, I thought I'd remind everyone about all the crap GD has done because I'm in a very petty mood 💅

Masterlist of Girl Defined's Articles

Transphobia
Homophobia
Bigotry
Anti-Abortion
Anti-Feminism
Purity Culture
Toxic "Advice" on Mental Health

Nazi Ancestor and Nazi Apologists

Girl Defined's great-grandfather Johann (Hans) Grosslercher was a member of the NSDAP since 1925 and was the Nazi mayor of Saalfelden, Austria. He was arrested multiple times in 1934 likely for participating (and possibly leading) Nazi demonstrations (which was illegal in Austria at the time). He became the mayor of Saalfelden a mere six days after the Nazi Germany annexed Austria, which should give you a good indication of his status and influence within the party.
u/softspock wrote a fantastic masterpost here with a ton more details that I encourage everyone to read, if they haven't already.
None of this would be an issue if it wasn't for the following:

Bethany poses beside her Nazi ancestor's gravesite https://archive.is/z31eh
During her honeymoon, Bethany and her husband posed in front of the gravesite of her great-grandparents. Savvy users quickly noticed the names and looked them up, only to discover the details I listed above. Bethany began deleting comments inquiring about the Nazi connection. This post is still up. The questioning comments are not.

Bethany's tone implies her family faced persecution, not that one of them was a Nazi https://archive.is/GYCPu
Another post has the caption: "With family that lived in Austria and were directly impacted by the war, I have a special interest in learning about what they went through."
Johann Grosslercher likely oversaw sending Saalfelden's Jewish community to the death camps. Once the WWII ended, he was removed as mayor in 1945.
If Bethany is unaware of her ancestor's Nazi history and involvement, it may also be because her mother still holds him in high regard. One of Heidi's sons is nicknamed after him ("Hans"). She also made the following post below (since deleted):

Girl Defined's mother, Heidi, posts an actual picture of her Nazi grandfather, indicating that they still hold him in high regard.
This Nazi ancestor is still idolized within the Baird family to the point where Girl Defined either remains completely ignorant of his actions or they are deliberating misrepresenting their family history.
A 2012 blog article written by Bethany that takes care to mention her grandmother, but misrepresents her great-grandfather's arrest as oppression by the Nazis, rather than an arrest of a Nazi by the Austrian government.

https://archive.is/9wplv
Whether it's genuine ignorance, historical revision, or Nazi apologies, I'll let you decide.

Racism & Cultural Appropriation

On Thanksgiving Day 2020, Suzanna Baird (the youngest of Girl Defined's siblings) decided to dye her hair black and dress up as Pocahontas.

Suzanna Baird poses outside in homemade Native American outfit with red face paint. Her caption reads \"Pocahontas vibes\".
Sue, along with her family and friends, appear completely ignorant as to why "dressing up" as a Native American woman who was kidnapped, had her Native husband murdered, was forced to give up her first child, was raped by white colonialists, forced to marry John Rolfe, forced to convert to Christianity, never saw her family again since she was most likely murdered before the age of 21.

Sue poses with other friends and family donning pilgrim hats.
The systematic genocide, oppression, and cultural destruction of Native Americans has a long and shameful history from European colonization, Native American slavery, Indian Removal Act, Trail of Tears, forced cultural assimilation, forced religious conversions, the residential school system, and so much more. Even today, Native American communities still face high risks for mental health issues, suicides, alcoholism, substance abuse, diabetes, tuberculosis, and other health conditions stemming from past and current trauma. There is a disturbing amount of missing and murdered Indigenous women (MMIW) and Native American women are twice as likely to face violence than any other demographic.

Suzanna Baird poses with a friend. She has painted red streaks on her cheeks.

Ellissa and Fiance's Homophobia

Ellissa has recently posted that she wishes to "clarify false info" regarding accusations of homophobic remarks made by her fiance. In case she herself is unaware, here is what he has posted regarding the LGBT community on his own social media (translated from Russian):

https://archive.vn/t01j2
u/slavic_at_the_disco has a great post where she translated it herself if you want to know that the rasterized image above is an endorsement of Manny Pacquiao's statements that gays are "worse than animals".
And some more bigotry since this was not a one-time thing:
And those are just the posts that were made public.

Gatekeeping Christianity

During the 2019 Girl Defined Conference, Bethany and Kristen publicly tore down another fellow Christian YouTuber, God is Grey, in front of their own young audience simply for having a different interpretation than them. They are hostile to her progressive, LGBT-friendly, and sex-positive messages. On stage, Bethany infamously says: "Why even call yourself a Christian?"

Bethany has the audacity to call into question another Christian's faith.
This was especially egregious considering that Brenda (God Is Grey) previously reached out to them a whole month earlier via email, kindly asking if they'd be down to discuss and explore their differing views on purity and modesty. They responded that they'd be delighted to talk via Skype, but that they were swamped with conference prep so would have to schedule when it was less busy.
Days go by with no further correspondence. Until Brenda's own fans discover that Girl Defined has publicly questioned her faith and ripped her apart at their own conference. Brenda did an entire video about how Girl Defined played sweet to her face, but essentially stabbed her in the back.

Grifting for Fun & Profit

Girl Defined has been shady about their business operations and expenses at best. As a non-profit, they are required to file an annual 990 Tax Return. Here is their report for 2017 and here is the report for 2018. They haven't released the 2019 form, but when pressed, they offered a budget & expense report, not the actual amount of money they take in. They had a net asset of about $92,625 by the end of year 2018, but continue to ask for donations about $30,000 at the end of each year. They once asked for $20,000 when Cody Ko's video on them went viral. One of their biggest yearly expenses appears to be ~$6000+ on "Meals & Entertainment".

In Dec 2019, they claimed they needed nearly $15k for a new website and rebranding https://archive.is/9UkeL
Despite exceeding their year end donation goal of $30,000, there is still no new website as of November 2020 and no one knows where that money went.
During COVID-19 shutdowns and economic trouble for hundreds of millions in the country, Girl Defined did not seem to take it very seriously. Instead of helping their local community, donating to people in need, supporting those infected either financially or emotionally, it was business at usual at Girl Defined HQ. They've travelled on domestically multiple times, travelled internationally at least twice, held a summer wedding for their brother, planned to hold their annual conference in-person before the city stepped in, held numerous unnecessary parties and gatherings, and have questioned whether masks stop the spread of the disease.
Bethany made an out-of-state trip (with her unvaccinated young baby) to buy up 38 entire dresses from Charleston thrift stores, thereby removing potentially the only affordable clothing for low-income families in the area. She later marked up the prices for 6x what she likely bought them for and is currently attempting to sell them online.

https://preview.redd.it/5gneigurp3y51.png?width=639&format=png&auto=webp&s=20d0e758e126871ceb5dea002ab9ddc497615dcf
"Like, why even call yourself a Christian" indeed.

In conclusion...

Girl Defined is not the nice, wholesome, polished Christian brand they make themselves out to be. They are a sinister sexual prosperity gospel cult that preys on insecure and vulnerable young women looking for direction and answers in their lives, if they are not already being raised in fundamentalist households to begin with. Their teachings on purity culture and intolerance of LGBT do real harm. And no, saying "hate the sin, love the sinner" is NOT a loving response. Neither is endorsing "ex-gay" spokespeople like Jackie Hill Perry when your audience comes looking for answers on what to do if they're gay. Neither is assuming that just because they say it with a gentle smile or claim to do it "out of love" that it's actually love.
It's not. It's manipulation and it's disgusting.
Thank you for coming to my TED Talk.
submitted by firewhiskers to FundieSnarkUncensored [link] [comments]


2020.11.08 04:39 firewhiskers Girl Defined Exposed

Girl Defined Exposed

Masterlist of Girl Defined's Articles

Transphobia
Homophobia
Bigotry
Anti-Abortion
Anti-Feminism
Purity Culture
Toxic "Advice" on Mental Health

Nazi Ancestor and Nazi Apologists

Girl Defined's great-grandfather Johann (Hans) Grosslercher was a member of the NSDAP since 1925 and was the Nazi mayor of Saalfelden, Austria. He was arrested multiple times in 1934 likely for participating (and possibly leading) Nazi demonstrations (which was illegal in Austria at the time). He became the mayor of Saalfelden a mere six days after the Nazi Germany annexed Austria, which should give you a good indication of his status and influence within the party.
u/softspock wrote a fantastic masterpost here with a ton more details that I encourage everyone to read, if they haven't already.
None of this would be an issue if it wasn't for the following:

Bethany poses beside her Nazi ancestor's gravesite https://archive.is/z31eh
During her honeymoon, Bethany and her husband posed in front of the gravesite of her great-grandparents. Savvy users quickly noticed the names and looked them up, only to discover the details I listed above. Bethany began deleting comments inquiring about the Nazi connection. This post is still up. The questioning comments are not.
One of the photos contains Bethany and her husband standing in front a four-storey villa. Her caption mentions: "My Nana grew up in this house and this adorable Austrian town. I love that the house is still in the family!"
Under her great-grandfather, nine Jewish people and their families had their property and businesses taken away under "Aryanization" laws. One couple, Artur and Sara Kant, owned a department store that was seized, with Artur being sent to Dachau in November of 1938.

Bethany's tone implies her family faced persecution, not that one of them was a Nazi https://archive.is/GYCPu
Another post has the caption: "With family that lived in Austria and were directly impacted by the war, I have a special interest in learning about what they went through."
Johann Grosslercher likely oversaw sending Saalfelden's Jewish community to the death camps. Once WWII ended, he was removed as mayor in 1945.
If Bethany is unaware of her ancestor's Nazi history and involvement, it may also be because her mother still holds him in high regard. One of Heidi's sons is nicknamed after him ("Hans"). She also made the following post below (since deleted):

Girl Defined's mother, Heidi, posts an actual picture of her Nazi grandfather, indicating that they still hold him in high regard.
This Nazi ancestor is still idolized within the Baird family to the point where Girl Defined either remains completely ignorant of his actions or they are deliberating misrepresenting their family history.
A 2012 blog article written by Bethany that takes care to mention her grandmother, but misrepresents her great-grandfather's arrest as oppression by the Nazis, rather than an arrest of a Nazi by the Austrian government.

https://archive.is/9wplv
Whether it's genuine ignorance, historical revision, or Nazi apologies, I'll let you decide.

Racism & Cultural Appropriation

On Thanksgiving Day 2020, Suzanna Baird (the youngest of Girl Defined's siblings) decided to dye her hair black and dress up as Pocahontas.

Suzanna Baird poses outside in a homemade Native American outfit with red face paint. Her caption reads \"Pocahontas vibes\"
Sue, along with her family and friends, appear completely ignorant as to why "dressing up" as a Native American woman who was kidnapped, had her Native husband murdered, was forced to give up her first child, was raped by white colonialists, forced to marry John Rolfe, forced to convert to Christianity, never saw her family again since she was most likely murdered before the age of 21.

Sue poses with other friends and family donning pilgrim hats. Sue's caption reads: \"TURKEY TROT to try to get rid fo the 5 cinnamon rolls I've eaten already\"
The systematic genocide, oppression, and cultural destruction of Native Americans has a long and shameful history from European colonization, Native American slavery, Indian Removal Act, Trail of Tears, forced cultural assimilation, forced religious conversions, the residential school system, and so much more. Even today, Native American communities still face high risks for mental health issues, suicides, alcoholism, substance abuse, diabetes, tuberculosis, and other health conditions stemming from past and current trauma. There is a disturbing amount of missing and murdered Indigenous women (MMIW) and Native American women are twice as likely to face violence than any other demographic.

Suzanna Baird poses with a friend. She has painted red streaks on her cheeks.

Ellissa and Fiance's Homophobia

Ellissa has recently posted that she wishes to "clarify false info" regarding accusations of homophobic remarks made by her fiance. In case she herself is unaware, here is what he has posted regarding the LGBT community on his own social media (translated from Russian):

https://archive.vn/t01j2
u/slavic_at_the_disco has a great post where she translated this and other comments he's made. If you're still doubtful about what the rasterized image says, here is the text to copy and paste:
Nike разорвал контракт с Мэнни за его слова: «Женщины были созданы для мужчин, а мужчины — ‘для женщин. Видели ли вы когда-нибудь, чтобы у животных самцы были с самцами, а самки - с ‘самками? Если мы разрешим однополые браки, тогда человек хуже животного». Поделись этим постом в поддержку Мэнни со словами: Не покупайте одежду Nike.
Which roughly translates to:
Nike broke the contract with Manny for his words: “Women were made for men, and men were for women. Have you ever seen with animals, males were with males, and females were with females? If we allow gay marriage, then a man is worse than an animal. " Share this post in support of Manny with words: Don't buy Nike clothes.
And some more bigotry since this was not a one-time thing:
And those are just the posts that were made public.

Gatekeeping Christianity

During the 2019 Girl Defined Conference, Bethany and Kristen publicly tore down another fellow Christian YouTuber, God is Grey, in front of their own young audience simply for having a different interpretation than them. They are hostile to her progressive, LGBT-friendly, and sex-positive messages. On stage, Bethany infamously says: "Like, why even call yourself a Christian?"
Bethany has the audacity to call into question another Christian's faith.
This was especially egregious considering that Brenda (God Is Grey) previously reached out to them a whole month earlier via email, kindly asking if they'd be down to discuss and explore their differing views on purity and modesty. They responded that they'd be delighted to talk via Skype, but that they were swamped with conference prep so would have to schedule when it was less busy.
Days go by with no further correspondence. Until Brenda's own fans discover that Girl Defined has publicly questioned her faith and ripped her apart at their own conference. Brenda did an entire video about how Girl Defined played sweet to her face, but essentially stabbed her in the back.

Grifting for Fun & Profit

Girl Defined has been shady about their business operations and expenses at best. As a non-profit, they are required to file an annual 990 Tax Return. Here is their report for 2017 and here is the report for 2018. They haven't released the 2019 form, but when pressed, they offered a budget & expense report, not the actual amount of money they take in. They had a net asset of about $92,625 by the end of year 2018, but continue to ask for donations about $30,000 at the end of each year. They once asked for $20,000 when Cody Ko's video on them went viral. One of their biggest yearly expenses appears to be ~$6000+ on "Meals & Entertainment".

In Dec 2019, they claimed they needed nearly $15k for a new website and rebranding https://archive.is/9UkeL
Despite exceeding their year end donation goal of $30,000, there is still no new website as of November 2020 and no one knows where that money went.
During COVID-19 shutdowns and economic trouble for hundreds of millions in the country, Girl Defined did not seem to take it very seriously. Instead of helping their local community, donating to people in need, supporting those infected either financially or emotionally, it was business at usual at Girl Defined HQ. They've travelled on domestically multiple times, travelled internationally at least twice, held a summer wedding for their brother, planned to hold their annual conference in-person before the city stepped in, held numerous unnecessary parties and gatherings, and have questioned whether masks stop the spread of the disease.
Bethany made an out-of-state trip (with her unvaccinated young baby) to buy up 38 entire dresses from Charleston thrift stores, thereby removing potentially the only affordable clothing for low-income families in the area. She later marked up the prices for 6x what she likely bought them for and is currently attempting to sell them online.

https://preview.redd.it/qo75h25jz2y51.png?width=639&format=png&auto=webp&s=6c09e6aeacdd678085b94eafe159e40f73d31963
"Like, why even call yourself a Christian" indeed.

In conclusion...

Girl Defined is not the nice, wholesome, polished Christian brand they make themselves out to be. They are a sinister sexual prosperity gospel cult that preys on insecure and vulnerable young women looking for direction and answers in their lives, if they are not already being raised in fundamentalist households to begin with. Their teachings on purity culture and intolerance of LGBT do real harm. And no, saying "hate the sin, love the sinner" is NOT a loving response. Neither is endorsing "ex-gay" spokespeople like Jackie Hill Perry when your audience comes looking for answers on what to do if they're gay. Neither is assuming that just because they say it with a gentle smile or claim to do it "out of love" that it's actually love.
It's not. It's manipulation and it's disgusting.
Thank you for coming to my TED Talk.
submitted by firewhiskers to FundieSnark [link] [comments]


2020.11.07 12:32 trevorj414 We need to talk about Dark Winter

Biden said we are going into a Dark Winter at least three times at the presidential debate on Oct 22nd. This vague phrasing left a lot open to interpretation, so naturally, this caused people from every state in America to google "dark winter" on Oct 23rd.
Here's Wikipedia's quick summary of Operation Dark Winter:
Operation Dark Winter was the code name for a senior-level bio-terrorist attack simulation conducted on June 22–23, 2001. It was designed to carry out a mock version of a covert and widespread smallpox attack on the United States.
Here's a 2014 UbiSoft video detailing the exercise in a 2:44 video game announcement
It is basically written like a play, detailing out 48 pages of events. I'm not even going to even get into the many 9/11 parallels in this document in this thread. Remember, this was all written in June 2001:
Angry rhetoric between Taiwan and the People’s Republic of China (PRC) has reached an all time high.

An outbreak of Foot and Mouth disease in Taiwan began about three weeks ago and is having a devastating impact on the local swine industry.

Press reports have speculated that the current outbreak may have been deliberately introduced by the Chinese. China has denied these rumors.

Presumably, this disease has been deliberately introduced and these cases are the result of a bioterrorist attack on the United States.

A large proportion of the world population is now susceptible to smallpox.If this situation is not handled correctly we could be facing the beginning of a nation-wide or global epidemic.

No doubt, the prospect of contracting this dreaded, lethal, highly contagious disease will cause great concern among US citizens and the world community.

The outbreak may also have significant economic impacts.

No symptoms at time of exposure. At least 30% who get the disease would die.

Person to person spread occurs. Spread by droplets breathed or coughed into air.

Usually requires close contact (< 6ft.)

Isolation and vaccination can prevent spread.

In exceptional circumstances can spread over long distances. Long distance spread usually occurs with cough

Isolation of patients prevents transmission.

U.S. doctors/nurses have no experience with smallpox

No means of rapid diagnosis, no treatment available. Hospitals have few isolation rooms designed for highly contagious patients.

Concerns whether staff will come to work if at potential risk of getting lethal disease or bringing it home to their families

Television footage of a tearful mother holding her toddler, pleading for vaccine and being pushed back by police in riot gear is being aired repeatedly.

Four days ago, using his emergency powers, Governor Keating closed all schools, colleges, and universities and cancelled sporting events and other public gatherings.

The Governor’s office is reportedly now weighing a decision to close stores

Merchants throughout the state have petitioned the Governor’s office to keep shops open, citing the importance of holiday season for business.
Already shoppers are sparse, with many avoiding places where there are crowds. Malls across the country are nearly deserted.

Public health law is primarily a State concern.

The President may use the military (including the Federalized National Guard) to quell
(1) civil disturbances in a State (upon the Governor’s request),
(2) rebellions that make it difficult to enforce Federal law, or
(3) any insurrection that impedes a State’s ability to protect citizens’ constitutional rights and that State is unable to unwilling to protect these rights.

Options for martial rule include, but are not limited to, prohibition of free assembly, national travel ban, quarantine of certain areas

Unfortunately, the lack of vaccine and efforts in various states to stop the spread of smallpox have lead to some serious economic disruptions and, in some areas, civil unrest.

FBI and CIA are vigorously pursuing all [bioterrorist attack] leads, but so far there is no forensic evidence or clear smoking gun that identifies the perpetrators of these crimes.

We will hear an update on the epidemic from Dr. O’Toole and then quickly turn to some key issues and decisions.

Status of Epidemic
-2000 cases in 15 states
-Isolated cases in Canada, Mexico, and United Kingdom
-300 dead as of today

Dangerous misinformation in some media:
-Advice to flee cities/hide in remote areas
-Smallpox ‘cures’ offered on internet
-Hate speech targeting certain ethnic groups
-Claims that poor neighborhoods in affected states denied vaccine

Reports of beatings and harassment of persons of dark skin and of Arab Americansare increasing in numbers and violence. One hour ago, three teenaged youths of darkcomplexion were shot dead in downtown Chicago.

States’ efforts to limit non-essential travel vary – airports, rail, buses closed/ reopened; transport slow-down causing local shortages

Cancel all public gatherings in affected stated, non-essential meetings of >50 people elsewhere

Efforts to isolate smallpox patients and stop person- to-person spread have varied from state to state. Many states have closed schools, prohibited public meetings. Some states have closed transportation links, including airports.

Encourage voluntary home isolation of contacts using NG and DOD assets to supply food/track fevers, etc. (mandatory grouping of infected and non-infected contacts too dangerous)

Penalties for promulgating dangerous information

Establish federal travel restrictionsEconomic impactsCancel all public gatherings in affected stated, non-essential meetings of >50 people elsewhere

STATEMENT BY GOVERNOR OF TEXAS
My fellow Texans, the threat of the smallpox virus in Oklahoma represents a clear and present danger to Texas.
As a result, I have used my Emergency Powers to order Texas National Guard personnel to assist the State Police in suspending all surface and air transportation between Texas and Oklahoma.
While I cannot speak for other governors, I would encourage my colleagues in the states of New Mexico, Colorado, Kansas, Missouri, and Arkansas, to take similar action.

An overnight CNN/gallup poll states that slightly less that half (48%, poll’s margin for error +/- 5%) of Americans believe that President should consider using nuclear weapons against any nation proven to be responsible for attacking the US with smallpox.

Obviously there is now understandable concern and fear about the recent sharp rise in smallpox cases.

Dr. O’Toole has an update on the epidemic.
Here's how it ends:
MEMO TO SECRETARY OF STATE
Russia, France, Nigeria and other countries are demanding that the US release vaccine to help fight spread of smallpox overseas.
Russian asking UN Security Council to declare US has moral obligation to share any vaccine it produces with the rest of the world.
Cuba has offered to sell smallpox vaccine to US. Cuba’s biotech sector, which we know to be quite advanced, claims it can quickly produce high quality vaccine using state-of-the art techniques.

The NY Times, Washington Post, and USA Today receive anonymous letters demanding the immediate removal (one week) of all US forces from Saudi Arabia and all war ships from the Persian Gulf.
Failure to comply will result in renewed attacks on US, which will include anthrax, plague and small pox.Each letter also contained a genetic fingerprint of the smallpox strain matching the fingerprint of the strain causing the current epidemic.

We know that Google is famous for manipulating searches to censor out information they don't want us to see, or pad up the top searches with debunking articles to control the narrative.
However, that doesn't seem to be the case too much here. The minimum you can type into Google is "dark w" and Google will happily direct you to a "dark winter" search. The very first result takes you to the full PDF from the John Hopkins Center for Health Security homepage.
Alex Jones also mentioned the term casually on the Oct 27th Joe Rogan stream in a discussion about atmosphere levels:
Joe: Right, but then the asteroid hit the Yucatan, killed all the dinosaurs and changed the entire atmosphere of the planet.
Alex: With a dark winter.
Joe: Yeah, it was very bad for everything for a loooong fuckin' time.

Why are they directing our attention to this real-world exercise from 2001 that uncannily depicts our modern situation? It's as if it's part of the rules that they have to tell us what they're going to do to us before they do it.
submitted by trevorj414 to conspiracy [link] [comments]


2020.11.05 16:49 unhelpful0 HEY TRANSPHOBES! Would you like to examine some epic awesome facts to totally own the libs? check this out!

Medical Transition
Medical transition (including sex reassignment surgery) decreases dysphoria, suicide attempts, and improves depression and anxiety

Long-term Follow-ups:

Social Transition
Social transition improves depression, anxiety, and psychological function

(this next one's important for the kiddies who clutch onto their "durr durr 42%" statistic like it's their only source of life. which, y'know, it is. can't expect any more from transphobic 12-year-olds.
Discrimination, Bullying & Suicide
Suicidality is heavily influenced by bullying, discrimination, and poor treatment. Suicide attempt rates are also far higher among individuals who experience substantial discrimination or harrassment. The ~40% suicide statistic is often misrepresented.
So, what can we gather from this? A TL;DR, perhaps? You're not getting one. However, you should duly note that being Trans does not result in suicide- its the hate people get for being trans that drives them to their own death. So, you're essentially the ones encouraging suicide and then proceeding to blame them for it. I don't see how that makes you any more than a subhuman fuck, especially considering that you are adamant in your beliefs that trans people are not valid.
They are valid, and they always will have more value than whatever the fuck you are. Cope.
Please, transphobes, leave your comments below so I can watch you seethe like the fucking children you are lmao
submitted by unhelpful0 to WeGetItYoureTrans [link] [comments]


2020.11.03 00:57 SubLordHawk Letter to my local MP (UK)

Dear Mr Baker,
I write to you as a resident of North Norfolk, and with great concern over this apparent lockdown due for Thursday.
I would first like to say I am deeply disappointed in reading your recent update suddenly towing the line. As you point out, Norfolk itself has had a low incidence of not only cases, but deaths; North Norfolk in particular.
While you go on to say the N&N has seen a “ten-fold increase across October” you do not provide any sources for as such, and have apparently failed to take into account not only that this time of year usage does increase, but the reason for this large increase; which is quite possibly due to the effect all of this years totalitarian restrictions have had on the mental and physical well-being of people.
I have a number of points to raise on why I believe lockdowns are by and large a terrible thing that only cause greater misery and suffering, and my issues with the Governments misleading 'data'. I will be endeavouring to provide sources for each.
My first point would be the terrible effects on the health of the elderly and vulnerable; those that this is meant to be helping.
As per this study (1) from the National Center for Biotechnology Information in the United States; published in September of 2017, social isolation among older adults correlates with chronic illness and thus increases health care expenditure required by the group, as well as the suffering caused that precipitates the required health care.
While this is a study on older adults in the States, its findings can be easily transplanted onto older adults in any country; non are immune to social isolation and its effects.
To deny those with few good years left to them any opportunity to truly live their lives, to be able see their family and enjoy their remaining time, is a travesty. If you take away everything worth living for, in what way are you saving people?
My second point is the increased incidences of substance abuse (2), domestic violence (3-8), and child abuse (9-12).
The sheer level of harm in these three interlinked situations, directly caused by the Spring lockdown and continual restrictions, is something any person should be disgusted by. For a Government continually exacerbating this is beyond the pale.
Third is the sharp rise in mental health issues (13-16), and suicides/attempted suicides (17-20). Also a statistics article on the usual prevalence and economic cost of as such things (21).
Lives are being destroyed and cut short, be it caused by the aforementioned abuse, the breakdown of a relationship, through economic hardship, through the inability to to to simply spend time with loved ones, all as a direct result of the totalitarian polices enacted by this government, and the not knowing what rule will suddenly be dreamed up one moment to the next.
Are their lives worth less than others?
Fourthly; the economic destruction (22-26) .
The Spring lockdown, coupled with the ever changing restrictions, and the prospect of yet another lockdown, has resulted in the permanent closure of many businesses, the contraction of others, and a spiral of job losses without replacement positions taking the places in any meaningful number.
All of this will not only serve to further destabilise the nations mental health, but also set in motion a chain of events that could see an unemployment rate of 8.2% or more by 2021.
Coupled with the current political instability of the UK on the world stage, this could result in widespread social disorder during 2021; with the current Government as the culprit.
Fifth is the mounting hunger in the UK (23-30) and starvation across the Earth at large (31-37), and the sharp rise in extreme poverty around the world (38-39), due to the backwards trend of global GDP and the general economic disruption.
Not only will mounting hunger fuel potential societal disruption, it will also have a severe impact on the health and morbidity of the population, and a long term impact on the young whom will be denied the required nutrition as they grow.
Across the world at large hunger and poverty will have knock-on effects to the worlds fragile economic state, along with fuelling further societal collapse and armed conflict, creating a perpetual cycle.
The death toll from this could be truly staggering and will lay solely on the major economies of the world for their top down castration of the globalised economy.
Problems with government data is a major issue (40-46).
The way deaths for Covid-19 are recorded in the UK (and elsewhere around Earth) causes continued over-inflation of the number. Until the 11th August 2020, if a person tested positive; then died, they were counted as a death. However there was no time-limit for this, potentially a person could of tested positive in March, been killed in a car crash in July, and would of then counted as a Covid-19 death.
From the 12th August little has changed, except now there is a 28 day time-limit between a positive test result and a death for it to be recorded. These are deaths in people with Covid-19 but not necessarily due to Covid-19, once again the above scenario can be applied.
ICL's report 9 that was used by the Government as justification for the Spring lockdown showed 510,000 deaths by late May in a 'do nothing' scenario. This can be shown to be utterly preposterous, and a case of abysmal data modelling and interpretation.
The very same model applied to Sweden on the 15th April 2020 showed it would have 96,000 deaths by the end of June is it kept going with its current minimal approach, as of writing this Sweden is on just under 6000 deaths; a 90,000 death discrepancy over 4 months later.
Of the graphs and data shown by Mr Johnson on Saturday evening, the first thing to say would be that the R estimate graph shows that the value of R has been FALLING since the 14th October 2020.
The second point would be to highlight that that forecast of deaths by PHE/Cambridge is wildly inaccurate and out of date. The graph shown was created on the 9th October 2020, and predicted 1000 deaths on the 1st November 2020. In reality there were 162 deaths on this date.
Subsequent models by PHE/Cambridge have come closer and closer to the actual tally, with the 28th October 2020 graph showing 200 deaths for the 1st November; much more in line with reality. My question for you; which I humbly ask you to put before Parliament, is why did the Government use data they knew was outdated? Was it in an effort to elicit fear among the populace to further their un-required plans?
On the subject of eliciting fear among the populace, I refer you to the near constant scaremongering by the majority of British media. In particular is the 'Options for increasing adherence to social distancing measures, 22 March 2020' paper prepared for and by SAGE (47-48).
In it we find the following; and extremely worrying, option found within the Persuasion section: “A substantial number of people still do not feel sufficiently personally threatened. The perceived level of personal threat needs to be increased among those who are complacent, using hard-hitting emotional messaging.” Followed by this horrifying suggestion in Appendix B, Option 2: “Use media to increase sense of personal threat.”
Again my question for you; which I humbly ask you to put before Parliament (after having read aloud these above quotes), is at what point did we enter the pages of 1984, where the government installs fear and compliance through the media?
In conclusion I leave you with these for further reading (49-58), and implore you to fight against this unjustified tyranny that causes so much harm.
I would be very happy to talk to you further about all of this, and thank-you for taking the time to read through the letter.
I leave you with the following quote from Benjamin Franklin: “Those who would give up essential Liberty, to purchase a little temporary Safety, deserve neither Liberty nor Safety.”

Yours Sincerely,


Sources:
1 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5847278/
2 https://www.addiction-ssa.org/how-is-the-covid-19-pandemic-changing-our-use-of-illegal-drugs-an-overview-of-ongoing-research/
3-8 https://www.theguardian.com/society/2020/aug/17/domestic-abuse-surged-in-lockdown-panorama-investigation-finds-coronavirus https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-52433520 https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/av/world-53014211 https://www.womensaid.org.uk/survivors-say-domestic-abuse-is-escalating-under-lockdown/ https://www.hrw.org/news/2020/06/08/uk-failing-domestic-abuse-victims-pandemic https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/07/02/world/europe/uk-coronavirus-domestic-abuse.html
9-12 https://www.theguardian.com/society/2020/jul/08/sharp-increase-in-uk-child-sexual-abuse-during-pandemic https://learning.nspcc.org.uk/research-resources/2020/social-isolation-risk-child-abuse-during-and-after-coronavirus-pandemic https://www.bmj.com/company/newsroom/surge-in-domestic-child-abuse-during-pandemic-reports-specialist-uk-childrens-hospital/ https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-wales-52473453
13-16 https://www.theguardian.com/society/2020/may/16/uk-lockdown-causing-serious-mental-illness-in-first-time-patients https://www.centreformentalhealth.org.uk/news/least-half-million-more-people-uk-may-experience-mental-ill-health-result-covid-19-says-first-forecast-centre-mental-health https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/wellbeing/articles/coronavirusanddepressioninadultsgreatbritain/june2020 https://www.centreformentalhealth.org.uk/sites/default/files/2020-05/CentreforMentalHealth_COVID_MH_Forecasting_May20.pdf
17-20 https://www.bmj.com/content/370/bmj.m3431 https://www.theguardian.com/society/2020/sep/01/male-suicide-rate-england-wales-covid-19 https://www.itv.com/news/2020-09-01/male-suicide-rate-highest-in-twenty-years-new-data-shows https://www.londonambulance.nhs.uk/2020/10/28/this-weeks-episode-of-ambulance-documentary/
21 https://mhfaengland.org/mhfa-centre/research-and-evaluation/mental-health-statistics/
22-26 https://www.ons.gov.uk/economy/grossdomesticproductgdp/articles/coronavirusandtheimpactonoutputintheukeconomy/june2020 https://www.ons.gov.uk/economy/grossdomesticproductgdp/articles/coronavirusandtheimpactonoutputintheukeconomy/august2020 https://www.pwc.co.uk/premium/covid-19/uk-economic-update-covid-19.pdf https://home.kpmg/uk/en/home/insights/2018/09/uk-economic-outlook.html https://www.ifs.org.uk/publications/15078
23-30 https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2020/aug/12/coronavirus-lockdown-hits-nutritional-health-of-uks-poorest https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-06/nu-oif061920.php https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12571-020-01080-5 https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/food-poverty-hunger-child-malnutrition-hospital-layla-moran-coronavirus-a9615161.html https://www.trusselltrust.org/2020/09/14/new-report-reveals-how-coronavirus-has-affected-food-bank-use/ https://www.theguardian.com/society/2020/jun/03/record-numbers-used-uk-food-banks-in-first-month-of-lockdown https://metro.co.uk/2020/09/14/100000-households-used-food-banks-for-the-first-time-in-lockdown-13265300/ https://www.itv.com/news/london/2020-10-20/half-term-hunger-worries-as-food-bank-usage-in-london-soars
31-37 https://news.un.org/en/story/2020/07/1068261 https://news.un.org/en/story/2020/09/1072712 https://news.un.org/en/story/2020/07/1068601 https://observers.france24.com/en/20201027-nigeria-warehouse-looting-covid-aid https://reliefweb.int/report/colombia/assisting-refugees-affected-covid-19-colombia https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/av/world-52479215 https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs40615-020-00905-5 38-39 https://edition.cnn.com/2020/10/27/perspectives/africa-covid-19-poverty-travel/index.html https://www.nationalheraldindia.com/international/covid-19-to-push-150-175-mn-more-people-into-extreme-poverty-un-expert
40-46 https://www.kingsfund.org.uk/publications/deaths-covid-19 https://www.aier.org/article/imperial-college-model-applied-to-sweden-yields-preposterous-results/ https://archive.vn/ldiT9 https://www.cebm.net/covid-19/the-innacuracoes-in-the-sage-models/ https://www.itv.com/news/2020-10-31/six-graphs-that-led-to-the-new-covid-lockdown-for-england https://www.imperial.ac.uk/media/imperial-college/medicine/sph/ide/gida-fellowships/Imperial-College-COVID19-NPI-modelling-16-03-2020.pdf
47-48 https://evidencenotfear.com/how-sage-and-uk-media-created-fear-in-the-british-public/ https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/options-for-increasing-adherence-to-social-distancing-measures-22-march-2020
49-58 https://archive.vn/wCh8n https://archive.vn/KGJM2 https://archive.vn/TfzcO https://archive.vn/RARUZ https://archive.vn/fcuau https://archive.vn/3LGFv https://www.theguardian.com/law/2020/oct/27/covid-measures-will-be-seen-as-monument-of-collective-hysteria-and-folly-says-ex-judge https://www.spiked-online.com/2020/10/30/the-media-are-addicted-to-fea https://www.uk-cic.org/news/cellular-immunity-sars-cov-2-found-six-months-non-hospitalised-individuals https://sebastianrushworth.com/2020/10/31/a-history-of-the-swedish-covid-response/
submitted by SubLordHawk to LockdownSkepticism [link] [comments]


2020.10.31 22:09 JosephsonAdam How to give pro-choice-leaning men more pro-choice voting options?

As a man who has experienced female sexual abuse, I lean pro-choice; but I've consistently voted pro-life for a few elections now due to the lack of alternative options in the promotion of male sexual and reproductive rights.
While people know about male sexual aggression, we often ignore the scale of female sexual aggression and how this in turn can affect the way a man might vote.
Whereas feminists perceive two positions on male sexual and reproductive rights (pro-paper-abortion and pro-opt-in), non-feminists (incmuding I) perceive at least five separate and distinct positions to advance male reproductive rights (the last three of which aim at reducing the rate of unwanted pregnancies in the first place and so might attract sincere pro-life interest too). To understand these different positions, we first need to understand the male sexual experience and how this could motivate some pro-choice men to vote pro-life.
According to the World Health Organization:
'[I]nternational studies reveal that nearly 3 in 4 children aged 2-4 years regularly suffer physical punishment and/or psychological violence at the hands of parents and caregivers, and 1 in 5 women and 1 in 13 men report having been sexually abused as a child.'
' Child maltreatment causes suffering to children and families and can have long-term consequences. Maltreatment causes stress that is associated with disruption in early brain development. Extreme stress can impair the development of the nervous and immune systems. Consequently, as adults, maltreated children are at increased risk for behavioural, physical and mental health problems such as:
'perpetrating or being a victim of violence
:depression
:smoking
' obesity
'high-risk sexual behaviours
' unintended pregnancy
:alcohol and drug misuse.:
https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/child-maltreatment
According to the APA:
'A total of 43 percent of high school boys and young college men reported they had an unwanted sexual experience and of those, 95 percent said a female acquaintance was the aggressor.'
'Being coerced into having sexual intercourse was related to risky sexual behaviors and more drinking among the victims.'
https://www.apa.org/news/press/releases/2014/03/coerced-sex
According to the online PDF report Internet sex addiction: A review of empirical research:
'In addition to the qualitative research studies, nine quantitative studies investigating Internet sex addiction in adults were identified in the literature review. These are presented in chronological order. Schwartz and Southern (2000) aimed to describe compulsive cybersex in a sample of 40 cybersex problem patients who were treated for mental health problems at the time of investigation. The sample comprised 19 males, 57% were married, 48% were white collar workers, 20% were blue collar workers, 12% were students, 68% had a history of sexual abuse, 43% suffered from Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, and 73% suffered from some affective disorder. Furthermore, it was reported that 70% had a sexual addiction, 56% were dependent on some psychoactive substance, and 48% had some kind of eating disorder. The researchers based their analysis on preliminary descriptive data, reviewing clinical files including initial assessments, psychiatric evaluations, psychosocial histories, and other mental health assessments. In terms of the participants’ online sexual preferences, 26% had a predilection for some paraphiliac behaviour, 21% wanted romance and/or dating, 16% were looking for extra-marital partners (e.g., swinging), 11% wanted sexual chat, homosexual and/or teenage contacts online. Overall, their compulsive engagement in cybersex resulted in many negative consequences (e.g., relationship problems, work problems, personal problems, and excessive time involvement (Schwartz & Southern, 2000).'
https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=https://www.researchgate.net/publication/239750133_Sex_Addiction_on_the_Internet&ved=2ahUKEwiEqLO1u9fsAhVKQ80KHTV1DGMQFjABegQIChAC&usg=AOvVaw3FHuLze2t8h5TXJS_OecoM
According to the online PDF report Risky Business: The Market for Unprotected Sex:
'In this paper, we investigate why sex workers may not be using condoms. We begin by constructing a simple bargaining model of commercial sex that has a number of empirically testable predictions. The model predicts that a condom will not be used when the client’s maximum willingness to pay not to use a condom is greater than the minimum the sex worker is willing to accept to take the risk. Surprisingly, however, the model also predicts that when the client is worried about the risk of infection from unprotected sex, he may be charged more for using a condom than for unprotected sex. Similarly, when the sex worker prefers not to use a condom, the client is given a discount for not using a condom. The price differential between protected and unprotected sex is a weighted average of the maximum the client is willing to pay for not using a condom and the minimum the sex worker is willing to accept to take the risk of infection by not using a condom. The weights are a function of the relative bargaining power of the client and sex worker.worker.'
http://cega.berkeley.edu/assets/cega_research_projects/102/Risky_Business_The_Market_for_Unprotected_Commercial_Sex.pdf
According to the Youtube documentary Cowboys of Paradise, female buyers often prefer and male providers often willingly provide unprotected sex too.
https://world.time.com/2013/10/15/ignorance-and-a-thriving-sex-industry-fuel-aids-explosion-on-bali/
Even a masseuse can sexually assault a male customer:
https://metro.co.uk/2017/11/02/man-assaulted-by-masseuse-who-tried-to-perform-sex-act-on-him-after-massage-7050150/
According to the online PDF report The cost of HIV/Aids in Canada:
'The proportion of indirect to direct costs is also greater in estimates of total cumulative illness costs, because indirect costs due to premature mortality continue to accumulate even when direct costs cease at the time of death. Thus Albert and Williams estimate the total economic burden of HIV/AIDS in Canada to date at $36.3 billion, of which $29.9 billion are indirect costs and $6.4 billion are direct costs (a ratio of nearly 5:1). They also estimate the future economic burden associated with the current HIV population at $27.3 billion, (reflecting a 4% discount rate), of which $23.3 billion are indirect costs and $4 billion are direct costs, a ratio of nearly 6:11'
http://www.gpiatlantic.org/pdf/health/costofaids.pdf
This does not include the cost of unplanned pregnancies, syphilis and other STI's, and trauma.
The five male pro-choice positions I see are as follows:
  1. Pro-paper-abortion (PPA)
According to this position, human life starts at delivery as a result of the woman's decision to not obtain an abortion.
A man might not have consented to the sexual act leading to the pregnancy.
Sexual assault is extremely difficult to prove beyond reasonable doubt and when it can, it might take too long to do so.
Therefore the man should have the right to file for a paper abortion within the first eighteen weeks of pregnancy to permanently forfeit all paternal rights and obligations.
The above is not just theoretical: some actually promote it:
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paper_abortion
I presume that supporters view it as a male post-conception equivalent of 'my-body-my-choice'.
Pros:
It could deter a woman from sexually assaulting a man with intent to entrap him through pregnancy.
Cons:
a. It can embolden more men to sexually assault women.
b. It could allow a consenting man to forfeit his obligations.
c. It could legitimize the idea that paternal rights and obligations are secondary to women's and so promote a slippery slope towards increasingly denying paternal rights and obligations.
d. It can enable male sexual addiction by removing a man's responsibility for his actions.
  1. Pro-opt-in (POI)
This position simply takes the PPA position to its logical conclusion: if human life starts only at delivery as a result of the woman's decision to deliver, then it follows that she holds exclusive parental rights and obligations towards the child except to the degree that she allows the father to opt in.
Non-feminists who see the logical conclusion of the PPA position perceive it as a dangerous slippery slope towards the POI position.
The pros and cons of the POI positions resemble those of the PPA position but more significant.
Worse yet, the POI position is not just theoretical either. Some feminists have promoted that position too.
  1. Pro-criminalization-of-fornication (PCF)
According to this position:
Human life starts at conception; but while the mother may have a legitimate reason to obtain an abortion and so should be free to decide according to her own conscience, the father does not.
Consent to fornication is a primary cause of unplanned pregnancies.
Consent to fornication is easier to prove than sexual assault so provides a more effective deterrent against sexual assault
Therefore, to deter unnecessary abortions in the context of decriminalization, consent to fornication should be punished by a heavy fine that doubles for each repetition of the offence.
It follows from this rationale that the father's paternal obligations stem not from whether he'd consented to the act that led to the conception, but rather from his biological paternity alone.
They would view financial assistance and mental-health support for a male victim of female sexual abuse as a separate matter for discussion.
As strange as this position might seem at first glance, given the pregnancy, STI, trauma, and other risks involved, regulating the exchange of bodily fluids betwen random individuals seems scientifically even more valid than imposing a fine for not wearing a facemask or not keeping physical distance.
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fornication#Across_history,_cultures,_and_laws
Pros: Consent to fornication is easier to prove beyond reasonable doubt than sexual coersion or assault, prostitution, or paying for sex, so could more effectively deter these, reduce the spread of STI's, unplanned pregnancies, and trauma, and help sexual addicts to better manage their behaviour.
Cons:
a. It can reduce sexual freedom and, while it may deter sexual assault, does not prevent it.
b. It does not liberate a male victim of female sexual aggression from his paternal obligations.
  1. Pro-Self-Exclusion (PSE)
This posion follows the same rationale as the PCF position above, but just doesn't take it to its logical conclusion.
Instead, it proposes to keep fornication legal by default but allow a man to self-exclude through some kind of administrative process (such as through an online passport account) from the freedom to give his consent to fornication under threat of a heavy fine that doubles for each repetition of the offence.
In exchange, a woman who encourages him (beyond just giving her enthusiastic consent)
to give his consent could face a heavy fine for incitement to commit a self-exclusion offence.
This would be easier to prove than sexual assault and so would provide more deterrence, which is important when we consider that a man's reproductive rights end at conception under all circumstances.
The woman would then need to confirm a man's status (perhaps from an official email message sent from his passport account) before encouraging him beyond just giving her enthusiastic consent to avoid the risk of paying a heavy fine for incitement to commit a self-exclusion offence.
A man could pro-actively send a formal email message from his passport account prior to a first dinner date alone at her home as a way to clearly communicate his nonconsent to any sexual interaction with her and warn her of the potential legal consequences if she tries to pressure him into sex.
Should she ignore this warning and continue to pursue or stalk him, he could sign into his passport account to resend the formal message, but this time with a CC to a police sexual-crimes unit. Receiving a formal email message with such a CC would probably deter most female aggressors from continuing the behaviour, especially if she an investigator later contacts her to question her and give her a casual warning.
Should she continue the behaviour, the man could resend the message with CC, which could provoke a police sexual crimes unit to open a formal investigation to determine whether the man has make a false rape accusation or whether the woman may be abusing him emotionally and sexually.
A passport account could allow its holder to sign in to self-exclude from the freedom to marry up to any chosen date up to a maximum of two-years into the future (extendable at any time). For added good measure, he could self-exclude, for the duration of a five-year passport and autorenewable every five years, from the freedom to marry without the free and explicit consent of both his and her living biological parents (with the exception of any parent who loses his right of parenthood as a result of a criminal conviction for rape, molestation, or gross negligence leading to abuse of the child). This could allow a man who feels extreme pressure to marry (such as when he faces a threat of suicide or other such blackmail) to self-exclude so as to be unable to give consent within a selected period of time, without involving their living biological parents, or both.
For men who already struggle with sexual addiction resulting from past trauma, self-exclusion could help them better manage their behaviour by proving a stronger deterrent than default laws can provide.
I have met at least one man who'd experienced a woman threatening him with a false rape accusation if he refused to have sex with her. Though I don't know how common that is and have never experienced that particular kind of abuse myself, the fact that it even occurs raises concerns about a man's self-excluded status making him not less, but rather even more vulnerable to female sexual aggression. To counter this, a man who self-excludes from the freedom to consent to fornication could be granted the right, on request, to an inquisitorial trial in Esperanto without the aid of an interpreter, protection from rape-shield laws, and the right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty beyond reasonable doubt.
At my second wife's admissibility hearing, the Minister's counsel refused to share the names of anonymous witnesses with my wife's counsel and told her that she would need to apply through the Access-to-Information Act to get that information as a tactic to stretch the duration of the process and so discourage us.
Under the adversarial system, the Minister's counsel effectively served as the gate-keeper to the available evidence and was hired explicitly to prove my wife's guilt. In other words, she had a motive and the power to suppress evidence that exculpated my wife. The first judge recognized this tactic and so ruled in my wife's favour. The appeal judge ruled that the Minister's counsel had no obligation to present such evidence and that the onus was therefore on my wife to prove her innocence. This cost us tens of thousands of dollars in legal fees and around two years of legal limbo. An inquisitorial trial could have empowered the judge to access that information himself.
In states that possess more than one official language, it is not uncommon even for people in positions of authority to fail to master their language of work:
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Official_bilingualism_in_Canada#Educational,_linguistic,_economic,_and_other_challenges_of_official_bilingualism
Given how, in any state that has more than one official language, police and border officers, counsels, and even judges may fail to master their official language of work, an accused who distrusts the judge's competence in the language of the trial and the competence of an interpreter could request a trial in Esperanto without the aid of an interpreter so as to address the judge directly in a language that the judge could reasonably master.
According to one study, a person can learn as much Esperanto in 150 hours of instruction as he could English after 1,500 hours. To put this into perspective, a person who starts to learn Esperanto at the age of eight for fifty hours a year for six consecutive years could achieve the same mastery of Esperanto by the age of fifteen as he could after three thousand hours of English (as is simply not possible in any publicly-funded school anywhere in the world).
https://www.vie-publique.frapport/27650-lenseignement-des-langues-etrangeres-comme-politique-publique
(in French)
We should remember that a judge is not a language scholar but a legal scholar. This could save on legal interpretation costs too.
To grant a self-excluded person protection from rape-shield laws could protect him from an aggressor's attempt to weaponize the law against him by blackmailing him into unwanted sex through a threat of a false rape accusation.
The right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty beyond reasonable doubt could protect a self-excluded foreign national from being expelled from the country on mere circumstatial evidence. Had my wife enjoyed such a right, she would never have had to face trial in the first place given the lack of evidence and revealed incompetence and prejudices of some of the people involved in her case. The same could apply to a falsely-accused foreign male.
Self-exclusion could present some risks. For example, a woman could coerce a man into consenting to fornication, in which case he would then hesitate to report her out of a fear that he could face a fine too. We should remember though that precedent already exists to take duress into account in cases of coerced consent. We should remember too that the man would have freely chosen to self-exclude with the understanding that self-exclusion would come with both advantages (such as more sexual protection under the law) and disadvantages (such as less sexual freedom under the law). It would be up to the self-excluded man to not freely consent to fornication so as to benefit from its greater protection under the law.
I know a few men (including me) who support this position and others who, following its rational conclusion, perceive it as a step or slippery slope to the PCF position above.
I see it as a male pre-conception equivalent of 'my-body-my-choice'.
A Right-to-Self-Exclusion Act (RSEA) could extend to alcohol, gambling, prostitution, and other addictions too:
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Self-exclusion
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cashless_Welfare_Card
Its pros and cons resemble those of the PCF position above for those who choose ti self-exclude and any other person in their interactions with the self-excluded.
If you would like to know more about what a Right-to-Self-Exclusion Act might look like, please let me know and I could email you the details.
  1. Anti-abortion
In the absence of an alternative in popular political discourse, some men who otherwise lean pro-choice may vote pro-life in the belief that making abortion a criminal offence could more effectively deter female sexual aggression against men and, in so doing, more effectively promote male sexual and reproductive rights.
We can reasonably presume that many of these men would switch their votes to better alternatives to promote male sexual and reproductive rights if given the choice.
Where do you stand on male sexual and reproductive rights?
submitted by JosephsonAdam to ProAbortion [link] [comments]


2020.10.28 07:54 adurepoh End times, Predictive programming, Illuminati

I copied this from someone on YouTube. It gave me the chills.
Blue Moon - Time Rolls Back
The Rabbit Hole goes deep! For some reason, this year time rolls back an hour the night of Halloween 2020. This is quite ominous as I've been studying Donnie Darko and how it speaks through predictive Programming, and in the movie the end of the world falls on 10/30/1988. The year 1988 alludes to the number 88 which speaks of Time-Travel (Back to the Future).
In the movie Donnie Darko (Donald Trump figure) travels into an alternate universe after a plane engine falls into his house (USA) - speaking of 9/11/01. At the end of the month of October (End of the World) Donnie rolls back into time (Time Roll-Back - A 911 Wormhole) to the initial 911 event, but in this scenario Donnie (Donald Trump) is killed. A second 911 event. This links the first 911 event to Halloween 2020, as a second 911 event.
Keep in mind, the movie Donnie Darko starts out with a scene where Donnie is bicycling past a Halloween sign while a song speaks of a Blue Moon and a "Killing time". There is a rare Blue Moon this Halloween, and it is an election year just as we see in Donnie Darko 1988, and in The Purge: Election Year.
Also, Snoop Dogg has a video titled Lavendar (NWO Royalty Color), in which he says "When the night will fall, this is death to you all." I believe this speaks to Halloween as well, considering that is when the daylight savings begins and time rolls back and in the video people are dressed as clowns. In the video, Snoop shoots Donald Trump with a gun, and people are waiting outside with bats and weapons (civil uprising and chaos).
Brothers and sisters, there is too much evidence and clues not to speak on this. It seems the purge and great destruction is coming this year, the election year, and it has been Planned to bring forth the AntiChrist and his One World Order (Revelation 13) out of the midst of chaos. Ordo Ab Chao as the Freemasons say.
Please draw near to the LORD Jesus and do not get involved in this chaos but turn away from all sin and pray Psalms 91 over you and your family. I advise also that we take no part in the devil's holiday (Halloween), as we cannot serve two masters. Shalom in Yeshua Jesus. Please study the Bible and be in prayer.
Compounding Evidence
Also, it was brought to my attention that the rapper Busta Rhymes YT channel published a video on October 7, 2020 that says "The Prophecy Will Come to Pass - 10/30/2020." In the video a demonic Catholic Priest is marking the children with an Ash Wednesday mark with "ELE2" which means Extinction Level Event 2020. I believe this is about getting the true children of God mixed up in the coming political strife and civil war and bringing them to "ashes and dust" by order out of chaos. In the end of the video, Busta Rhymes talks about rising up and bringing in justice by creating chaos in every city. This date of 10/30/2020 falls in line with Donnie Darko and the end of the world date of Halloween as a second 911 attack to bring in death and the rise of the New World Order. Ashes to Ashes could also hint at a deadly plague in a nod to the song Ring Around the Posie (Bubonic Plague Reference).
ELE2 Breakdown - Busta Rhymes https://www.bitchute.com/video/m3X4XztdJj49/
A Halloween of Death? https://www.bitchute.com/video/P2EAS8R3D2Ok/
Blue Moon - Killing Time? https://www.bitchute.com/video/MoS1hUe7fvo
Blue Moon 2020 - 911 Wormhole https://youtu.be/mJpqv9H1nbw
The Killing Moon (Halloween 2020?) https://www.bitchute.com/video/quShJfBKl2mC/
Also, it is possible the reason why there are murderous clowns and people wearing Presidential Masks (Lincoln, Washington) in the movies Batman 2021, The Purge: Election Year, Snoop Dog's Video Lavender, the 1980s Batman, IT, and more is because it is hinting at a chaotic uprising around Halloween 2020 right before the 2020 Election? It is possible and should not be ruled out considering the stark similarities. Also note that the film Donnie Darko has an end of the world date of October 31 (Halloween) and Donnie is a symbol of Donald Trump who is sacrificed in the film. The 1980s Batman and the Dark Knight Series also has elements of a revolutionary war in America and a poisonous gas being emitted in Gotham (NYC).
Hunters Moon - Halloween 2020
The October Blue Moon on Halloween (A Satanic Festival) this year is called the Hunter's Moon, and it reminds me of the Hunger Games cover where Katniss is pointing her arrows at us the viewer. Perhaps it is signaling a time of chaos and anarchy in which will damn many souls, and America at large, as Satan seeks to entrap us in his agenda of death and destruction (Ephesians 6:12).
The Hunger Games - In Real Life
It seems the "blockbuster" film The Hunger Games was a "hit" movie and carries with it a notion of orchestrated-chaos in the form of entertainment by their demented societal overlords. The film is full of violence, and a survival of the fittest ideology which is quite dangerous to the minds of the masses whom it subliminally programs. Then when the circumstance arises, we act in the manner in which they programmed us - bringing in death and needless violence as Satan brings us down to sheol/hades.
When I began to study the movie poster, it came to mind that the main character Katniss appears as a mighty hunter, similar to Nimrod of Genesis Chapter 10 in the Holy Bible who hunted the souls of men, and brought forth a One World Order in rebellion against the Most High YHVH. Yet, Katniss most likely symbolizes the goddess of the hunt, Artemis/Diana of the Greek and Roman mythology. The powers that be (Satan's Kingdom) seek to hunt the souls of man through various snares and provocations. As a Phoenix rising from the ashes, so will the New World Order and the AntiChrist (Revelation 13).
Phoenix Rising https://trumpetforyahweh.blogspot.com/2018/11/the-rise-of-pheonix.html?m=1
According to Netflix, the series can be summarized as:
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Hunger_Games_(film)
The story takes place in a dystopian post-apocalyptic future in the nation of Panem, where a boy and a girl from each of the nation's 12 Districts are chosen annually as "tributes" and forced to compete in The Hunger Games, an elaborate televised fight to the death. Katniss Everdeen (Jennifer Lawrence) volunteers to take her younger sister's place, and with her district's male tribute, Peeta Mellark (Josh Hutcherson), travels to the Capitol to train and compete in the games.
This scenario of an orchestrated game of survival of the fittest seems will soon come to a town near you, as the Corona (Crown) Virus, Political Tensions, Racial Tensions, and media provocations will bring waves of economic collapse, food shortages, violent savagery, theft, murder, a police state, rapings, and the like. In the same way that the Government overlords will sit back and watch the show, so also will the elites watch our demise as they hide in their million dollar underground bunkers. Another movie review, even speaks of a deadly fog (Covid19?) as being one of the obstacles.
https://www.phoenixfilmfestival.com/blog/2013/11/the-hunger-games-catching-fire-movie-review
There are far more traps that emerge from the games this time around: a poison fog, jabberjays (which record the sounds of loved ones), a killer tidal wave, and a bunch of other surprises that kill the participants in unexpected ways. This is a decidedly darker film in terms of the amount of deaths; a man shot in the head in one of the film’s opening moments sets the tone for what is fittingly becoming a disjointed, embattled futuristic landscape.
It seems that this is a dark movie series which portrays the coming orchestrated chaos and bringing forth of a plannned New World Order (Revelation 13) out of the ashes of chaos, just as the Bennu or Phoenix bird symbolizes. Repentance and faith in Jesus of the Bible is our only hope.
Time is very short, what we do here and now will decide our eternal destination. Choose wisely, many will be left behind after Jesus takes His remnant Christian believers up. Choose today, do not wait! You can also leave this printout for friends and family.
Printable version of my left behind letter: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1wAE7E8pBqfDURYgQqri2J1DXtUzjukRA8yBBc2OXVBc/edit?usp=drivesdk
Here is a link to a printable PDF flyer on the Mark of the Beast, which is most likely the RFID microchip implant.
https://docs.wixstatic.com/ugd/8a14e6_852f2eeea032457386673e3d027703f1.pdf
submitted by adurepoh to conspiracy [link] [comments]


2020.10.27 16:54 jessie_berry The case of Blair Adams is one of the most bizarre and fascinating unsolved mysteries I've ever come across. The Canadian fled from British Columbia and ended up dead in Tennessee days later. What happened to him?

Blair Adams (aka Robert Dennis Blair Adams) was 31 years old when he was found dead in a construction site in Tennessee, United States--thousands of miles away from his home in British Columbia, Canada. Blair was a construction foreman who was known to be friendly and generous; his mother described him as “kind” and “ambitious”. He met his untimely demise through a series of extremely bizarre and strange events that remain unexplained to this day.
This is one of the fascinating cases I’ve come across. It’s been posted here before but the circumstances surrounding his death are so mind boggling that I believe the case still warrants discussion.
TIMELINE:
Weeks Prior: He began acting very strange in the weeks before his disappearance and ultimately death. He was described to have acted out of character: paranoid, erratic and anxious. He told his friends and mother that someone was spreading rumours about him and that someone was going to kill him. He would not explain who nor why. Other odd behaviour he exhibited include the fact that he stopped attending his AA meetings (he was 2 years sober at that point), left his worksite unlocked and quit his job without picking up his last pay cheque.
05JUL1996: He started preparations for his departure by withdrawing most of his money from his bank account and valuables from his safe deposit box including gold bars, platinum and jewelry. He would keep these in a fanny pack.
7JUL1996: His first attempt into the US was via a ferry from Victoria, British Columbia to Seattle, Washington. US immigration officials flagged him because he fit the profile of a drug courier: lone male traveling with a lot of cash. Red flag number one. Red flag number two was raised when he denied any criminal history. However, his background check showed that he had been convicted of drug and assault charges in the past. Thus, he was denied entry.
9JUL1996: Early morning he tried to cross into the US by foot through the Pacific Highway Border Crossing. He was denied by border patrol once again because he matched the description of a man involved in a car theft and the blue car was found nearby the border crossing. However, Blair denied these allegations and the officials let him go since there was enough evidence against him. They noticed that he had scratches on his hands and feet. Interestingly, his friend would later tell the investigators that she saw Blair driving a blue car that day, not his regular Chevette. He finally makes it across on his 3rd attempt to Seattle via a rental Nissan Altima from Vancouver International Airport. He drove the Nissan Altima from Vancouver International Airport to Seattle-Tacoma International Airport. Strangely, he purchased a roundtrip ticket to Frankfurt, Germany. Why Frankfurt? Well in late 1995 he worked on a construction project near the city and he dated a girl there during this time. However, his German girlfriend told the police later that he never informed her that he was coming. Blair never got on that flight. Instead, he cashed in his credit for a one way ticket ($800) to Washington, DC. Quite a few sources point out the price because it was double the cost of a roundtrip ticket but I think it could’ve been just the earliest flight out to Washington.
10JUL1996: He arrived at Dulles International Airport in the morning ~6:45am and rented a Toyota Camry. Then he started the 7 hour drive to Knoxville, Tennessee. The first sighting of him in Knoxville was at a gas station ~5:30pm. He had trouble getting into his car with the key and called for a repair service. When the clerk arrived, he realized that Blair had been trying to open the Toyota Camry with his Nissan Altima key (remember the other rental?). However, when he tried to advise him to check his pockets for the right key, Blair was determined that he had the correct key. Ultimately, the clerk dropped Blair off at Fairfield Inn and called a tow truck for the Camry.
LAST SIGHTING: Blair checked in at the inn around 7pm and continued to display strange behaviour. From surveillance footage, he entered and exited the lobby 5 times in 40 min. The hotel staff also described him to be paranoid and anxious, seemingly waiting for someone to attack at any moment.
11JUL1996: He was found dead in the morning at 7:30am by two construction workers at the construction site of a hotel across from Fairfield Inn. There was $4000 in cash scattered around his body in US, Canadian and German currencies. His socks, shoes and along with his pants were taken off. Knox County Sheriff described it “like somebody else pulled them down for him”. There was also a black duffel bag near his body with maps and receipts. The Toyota Camry key he couldn’t find at the gas station? Yes, it was also by the body. Autopsy showed that the cause of death was sepsis due to a blow that ruptured his stomach--likely from a crowbar or club. Toxicology showed that there was no alcohol or drugs in his system.
There wasn’t much evidence for the investigators:
  1. No murder weapon: He sustained several injuries and defensive wounds. It looked like he was beaten by the assailant(s).
  2. Lack of DNA evidence: Certain injuries indicate that he had been sexually assaulted, however no DNA evidence could confirm this. Furthermore, they also could not say when the assault had taken place and thus could have been unrelated to his death if it did happen. The only DNA evidence they found was a single long strand of hair. I couldn’t find any reports confirming whether it was from a male or female (not sure why)
  3. No witnesses: Security guard nearby heard a scream at 3:30am.
THEORIES
Sexual encounter gone wrong: This was the prevailing theory from investigators because of the way the body was found (naked from waist down), evidence of sexual assault and there was a truck stop nearby and the area was a hub filled with prostitution. So Blair solicits a prostitute, the deal goes bad and they (the sex worker and/or their pimp) try to scam him. A fight ensues and they accidentally kill him. I don’t really buy this theory since there was a lot of cash around the body. If it was just about the money, then why didn’t they take any? Even if they were scared that they had killed him, it’s hard for me to believe that they wouldn’t take any of the cash. I also read that some people believe that they didn’t take the cash because it was in different currencies: either they didn't want it to be traced back to them somehow while exchanging or just didn’t want to exchange it. However, I would argue this took place some time during the night. Unless the construction site is really well lit, then how could they tell it was a different currency? Even if the money looked foreign, wouldn’t they just scoop it up, run and then sort through it later? Also, they didn’t take any of the fanny pack’s valuables.
Sudden onset of mental illness: He was mentally ill and had a psychotic break. His psychosis drove him to create this elaborate escape plan and ultimately he either took his own life or a chance encounter took his life. Supporting evidence of this include his bizarre paranoid behaviour weeks prior to his death, history of mental illness in his family, history of alcohol abuse and age (31). However, he was never diagnosed with mental illness himself. On top of that, his friends all denied that they had seen him display any signs as well. Since there was no concrete evidence, it’s hard for me to believe this theory. To play the devil’s advocate, if he was truly stable and went to many of his friends and family to let them know someone was going aftekill him...why didn’t any of them report this to the authorities? Or even get him medical help? Very strange.
To be honest, he could very well have had mental illness. However, the reality of the threat and possible mental illness are not mutually exclusive. He may have been schizophrenic and his life was in real danger. Or even the threat of his safety may have triggered the psychosis.
Organized crime hit: He was involved in illegal activities (most likely drug related given his past), got in way over his head, pissed off the wrong people and they murdered him for it. This is the theory that I’m leaning towards. This is also related to his time in Germany. Unlike his girlfriend who described him as a “gentleman”, he was seen as “abrasive”, “confrontational” and got in fights with his German ex-workers. He also relayed that he actually feared violence from them! On top of this, a poster from sitcomonline claimed that his ex-girlfriend and friend revealed his trip to Germany ended earlier than expected and that he was different after he came back. But why would they stalk him all the way to Tennessee? Maybe it was just to mentally torture Blair and see him break (which he did) before finally killing him. Finally, his pants being pulled down could be a way to humiliate him.
I could go on for hours on this case but this post is so long already so I'll stop here. What do you guys think happened to him?
Links if you're interested:
  1. My video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g2BLR6sOySA&t=1s&ab_channel=jessieberry
  2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Murder_of_Blair_Adams
  3. https://web.archive.org/web/20180612144437/http://etspj.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/BlairAdams.pdf
  4. https://torontosun.com/news/crime/crime-hunter-death-far-from-home
  5. https://www.sitcomsonline.com/boards/showthread.php?t=115863
submitted by jessie_berry to TrueCrime [link] [comments]


2020.10.27 02:01 jessie_berry What happened to Blair Adams? A series of incredibly bizarre events led this Canadian to flee from British Columbia and end up dead in a construction site in Tennessee

Blair Adams (aka Robert Dennis Blair Adams) was 31 years old when he was found dead in a construction site in Tennessee, United States--thousands of miles away from his home in British Columbia, Canada. Blair was a construction foreman who was known to be friendly and generous; his mother described him as “kind” and “ambitious”. He met his untimely demise through a series of extremely bizarre and strange events that remain unexplained to this day.
This is one of the fascinating cases I’ve come across. It’s been posted here before but the circumstances surrounding his death are so mind boggling that I believe the case still warrants discussion.
TIMELINE:
Weeks Prior: He began acting very strange in the weeks before his disappearance and ultimately death. He was described to have acted out of character: paranoid, erratic and anxious. He told his friends and mother that someone was spreading rumours about him and that someone was going to kill him. He would not explain who nor why. Other odd behaviour he exhibited include the fact that he stopped attending his AA meetings (he was 2 years sober at that point), left his worksite unlocked and quit his job without picking up his last pay cheque.
05JUL1996: He started preparations for his departure by withdrawing most of his money from his bank account and valuables from his safe deposit box including gold bars, platinum and jewelry. He would keep these in a fanny pack.
7JUL1996: His first attempt into the US was via a ferry from Victoria, British Columbia to Seattle, Washington. US immigration officials flagged him because he fit the profile of a drug courier: lone male traveling with a lot of cash. Red flag number one. Red flag number two was raised when he denied any criminal history. However, his background check showed that he had been convicted of drug and assault charges in the past. Thus, he was denied entry.
9JUL1996: Early morning he tried to cross into the US by foot through the Pacific Highway Border Crossing. He was denied by border patrol once again because he matched the description of a man involved in a car theft and the blue car was found nearby the border crossing. However, Blair denied these allegations and the officials let him go since there was enough evidence against him. They noticed that he had scratches on his hands and feet. Interestingly, his friend would later tell the investigators that she saw Blair driving a blue car that day, not his regular Chevette. He finally makes it across on his 3rd attempt to Seattle via a rental Nissan Altima from Vancouver International Airport. He drove the Nissan Altima from Vancouver International Airport to Seattle-Tacoma International Airport. Strangely, he purchased a roundtrip ticket to Frankfurt, Germany. Why Frankfurt? Well in late 1995 he worked on a construction project near the city and he dated a girl there during this time. However, his German girlfriend told the police later that he never informed her that he was coming. Blair never got on that flight. Instead, he cashed in his credit for a one way ticket ($800) to Washington, DC. Quite a few sources point out the price because it was double the cost of a roundtrip ticket but I think it could’ve been just the earliest flight out to Washington.
10JUL1996: He arrived at Dulles International Airport in the morning ~6:45am and rented a Toyota Camry. Then he started the 7 hour drive to Knoxville, Tennessee. The first sighting of him in Knoxville was at a gas station ~5:30pm. He had trouble getting into his car with the key and called for a repair service. When the clerk arrived, he realized that Blair had been trying to open the Toyota Camry with his Nissan Altima key (remember the other rental?). However, when he tried to advise him to check his pockets for the right key, Blair was determined that he had the correct key. Ultimately, the clerk dropped Blair off at Fairfield Inn and called a tow truck for the Camry.
LAST SIGHTING: Blair checked in at the inn around 7pm and continued to display strange behaviour. From surveillance footage, he entered and exited the lobby 5 times in 40 min. The hotel staff also described him to be paranoid and anxious, seemingly waiting for someone to attack at any moment.
11JUL1996: He was found dead in the morning at 7:30am by two construction workers at the construction site of a hotel across from Fairfield Inn. There was $4000 in cash scattered around his body in US, Canadian and German currencies. His socks, shoes and along with his pants were taken off. Knox County Sheriff described it “like somebody else pulled them down for him”. There was also a black duffel bag near his body with maps and receipts. The Toyota Camry key he couldn’t find at the gas station? Yes, it was also by the body. Autopsy showed that the cause of death was sepsis due to a blow that ruptured his stomach--likely from a crowbar or club. Toxicology showed that there was no alcohol or drugs in his system.
There wasn’t much evidence for the investigators:
  1. No murder weapon: He sustained several injuries and defensive wounds. It looked like he was beaten by the assailant(s).
  2. Lack of DNA evidence: Certain injuries indicate that he had been sexually assaulted, however no DNA evidence could confirm this. Furthermore, they also could not say when the assault had taken place and thus could have been unrelated to his death if it did happen. The only DNA evidence they found was a single long strand of hair. I couldn’t find any reports confirming whether it was from a male or female (not sure why)
  3. No witnesses: Security guard nearby heard a scream at 3:30am.
THEORIES
Sexual encounter gone wrong: This was the prevailing theory from investigators because of the way the body was found (naked from waist down), evidence of sexual assault and there was a truck stop nearby and the area was a hub filled with prostitution. So Blair solicits a prostitute, the deal goes bad and they (the sex worker and/or their pimp) try to scam him. A fight ensues and they accidentally kill him. I don’t really buy this theory since there was a lot of cash around the body. If it was just about the money, then why didn’t they take any? Even if they were scared that they had killed him, it’s hard for me to believe that they wouldn’t take any of the cash. I also read that some people believe that they didn’t take the cash because it was in different currencies: either they didn't want it to be traced back to them somehow while exchanging or just didn’t want to exchange it. However, I would argue this took place some time during the night. Unless the construction site is really well lit, then how could they tell it was a different currency? Even if the money looked foreign, wouldn’t they just scoop it up, run and then sort through it later? Also, they didn’t take any of the fanny pack’s valuables.
Sudden onset of mental illness: He was mentally ill and had a psychotic break. His psychosis drove him to create this elaborate escape plan and ultimately he either took his own life or a chance encounter took his life. Supporting evidence of this include his bizarre paranoid behaviour weeks prior to his death, history of mental illness in his family, history of alcohol abuse and age (31). However, he was never diagnosed with mental illness himself. On top of that, his friends all denied that they had seen him display any signs as well. Since there was no concrete evidence, it’s hard for me to believe this theory. To play the devil’s advocate, if he was truly stable and went to many of his friends and family to let them know someone was going aftekill him...why didn’t any of them report this to the authorities? Or even get him medical help? Very strange.
To be honest, he could very well have had mental illness. However, the reality of the threat and possible mental illness are not mutually exclusive. He may have been schizophrenic and his life was in real danger. Or even the threat of his safety may have triggered the psychosis.
Organized crime hit: He was involved in illegal activities (most likely drug related given his past), got in way over his head, pissed off the wrong people and they murdered him for it. This is the theory that I’m leaning towards. This is also related to his time in Germany. Unlike his girlfriend who described him as a “gentleman”, he was seen as “abrasive”, “confrontational” and got in fights with his German ex-workers. He also relayed that he actually feared violence from them! On top of this, a poster from sitcomonline claimed that his ex-girlfriend and friend revealed his trip to Germany ended earlier than expected and that he was different after he came back. But why would they stalk him all the way to Tennessee? Maybe it was just to mentally torture Blair and see him break (which he did) before finally killing him. Finally, his pants being pulled down could be a way to humiliate him.
I could go on for hours on this case but this post is so long already so I'll stop here. What do you guys think happened to him?
Links:
  1. My video on the case
  2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Murder_of_Blair_Adams
  3. https://web.archive.org/web/20180612144437/http://etspj.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/BlairAdams.pdf
  4. https://torontosun.com/news/crime/crime-hunter-death-far-from-home
  5. https://www.sitcomsonline.com/boards/showthread.php?t=115863
submitted by jessie_berry to UnresolvedMysteries [link] [comments]


2020.10.25 16:29 SpasticChips Strange Phenomenon Surrounding our Moon

I'm creating a follow up post or a "Pt 2" about my first Our Moon is not a moon because I feel there's a lot of points that I missed, didn't elaborate on, a lot of you brought up some interesting things, it could've been better put altogether, and I'd like for it all to put be in one place for you to conveniently read, and do your own research with all the links provided above and below. So get comfy and grab some popcorn my fellow Redditors as this is going to be a long one. It took me little while to gather all these links and information for you guys, because in a world full of disinformation and censorship the people deserve to know. Enjoy!
I know I've titled these "Our Moon is not a moon" but what I think I mean by that is it's not a 100% natural moon through and through with nothing the least bit sus about it. Our moon is an enigma, it's easier explaining why it shouldn't exist versus why it does, ask any astronomer or planetary scientist who isn't mainstream (I say mainstream because we all know the mainstream media/science; anything really, only push forth their own narrative which more often than not benefits the elite/those in power and not us) and they'll tell you the same thing. The moon does in fact rotate, crazy right? Because if it didn't rotate and instead sat still in place as it orbited the Earth, people in different parts of the world in the Moons path would see different sides of the Moon. However it gives us the illusion of not rotating due to something called Synchronous Rotation: the Moon takes just as long to rotate on it's axis as it does to orbit the Earth, which is why we always see the same side. I was actually surprised when I found that out. The placement of the Moon is an interesting one to, I say placement because when viewed from on the ground of Earth and only Earth; the Moon and the Sun appear to be the exact size to create perfect eclipses that are amazing to witness if you're lucky enough to be in the path. In my opinion there's no way that occurred by chance. There's an old math problem by apparent "ancient geometers" of squaring the circle, this problem has been deemed "unsolvable", but there's something that no-one talks about. This "ancient unsolvable geometry question" has already been solved.
Now, onto the juicy stuff. Did you know that the United States of America has had a base on the Moon since 1979 that was allegedly destroyed by the Soviet Union? Sounds a little outlandish doesn't it, even for a "conspiracy theorist". Well the title of this document released by Wikileaks; a website who has never had to delete or take back any content it's posted, suggests that as far back as 1979 the U.S. has had a base on the Moon which the USSR apparently destroyed. Unfortunately it's not an electronic document so you're unable to read it's entire contents but if you're extremely interested and determined enough, it seems a Freedom of Information Act request or (FOIA) would be the only approach. If the title of this report is to be true then that just proves wars in space since 1979. Information on things relating to this topic isn't easy to find with all this censorship going on but it's by no means impossible, building bases on the lunar surface isn't out of the question for the government. A document from the governments own publishing office that dates back to 1966 talks about building bases on the Moon along with some other fascinating things. Dig even deeper and you can find things like this memorandum from the CIA's Electronic Reading Room that was addressed to the CIA director of the time that talks about a multitude of things. It's Subject alone reads "MILITARY THOUGHT (TOP SECRET): "The Role of Space Weapons in a Future War", by Lieutenant-General N. Korenevskiy" Here's an excerpt from the Memorandum: "Already, interest in the moon is not limited to a study of questions and a discussion of discovered potentialities. Specific projects are being worked out which propose the construction of various structures under the surface of the moon from the freight compartments of missiles, and also the employment of various versions of pneumatic structures. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, and also various American companies ("Martin", "Aerospace", etc.), are conducting a great deal of work in this direction." It's important to remember before diving in to this type of information: you really have to keep an open mind and think "is it really out of the realm of possibility that these types of things are happening behind closed doors?". All this political nonsense going on right now has completely captured the full attention of everyone in this subreddit right now, taking our focus off of things like what you're about to read in the next couple paragraphs. Things like this are happening you just have to know where to look.
Earlier on in the above paragraph we briefly touched on wars and weapons in space and I want to go back to that for another paragraph or two. (I know this isn't entirely about the moon but bear with me here). A declassified report by the Air Force Nuclear Weapons Center stored in the NSA's archives from 1959 talks about the capabilities of weapons in space and a plan they had called Project A119 in which they were going launch a nuclear weapon at the moon to test nuclear devices in space. There's also witness testimony from very credible people with extensive backgrounds to verify these claims. During the 1950's a Colonel Ross Dedrickson worked for the Atomic Energy Commission or the (AEC) and was responsible for maintaining the nuclear weapons stockpile, and accompanying security teams testing the security of the nuclear weapons with many other duties. Here's video testimony of him talking about that among other things. The retired Colonel had this to say about attempting to detonate nuclear weapons in space: "I learned about incidents involving nuclear weapons, and among these incidents were a couple of nuclear weapons sent to space that were destroyed by extraterrestrials... At the very end of the 70's and the early 80's, we attempted to put a nuclear weapon on the Moon and explode it for scientific measurements and other things, which was not acceptable to the extraterrestrials. They destroyed the weapon before it got to the Moon." I remember watching a video about a "Professor Robert Jacob" who talked about this with the same people; Serious Disclosure, not sure how credible they are but here's a video of him testifying saying that a "UFO shot beams of light at the nuclear missile disabling it". I'm not sure if it's the same nuclear missile they're talking about here but if it is, these extraterrestrials are making it quite clear they don't humans bringing their weapons into space.
This brings me to the Podesta emails dumped by Wikileaks that are only dated as early as 2015 talking about a war in space and extraterrestrials not tolerating violence on Earth or in space. The email was sent by Apollo 14 astronaut Dr. Edgar Mitchell and Dr. Carol Rosin, it states "Because the war in space is heating up, I felt you should be aware of several factors as you and I schedule our Skype talk. Remember, our nonviolent ETI from the contiguous universe are helping us bring zero point energy to Earth. They will not tolerate any forms of military violence on Earth or in space." With all this information in mind, it really shows just how in the dark they're keeping the public about this "war in space" that's apparently happening right under our noses. I had absolutely no idea about this, did you? From everything provided here it seems they've been preparing for this for a very longtime. This document from the CIA's Electronic Reading Room mentions the U.S. had been keeping tabs on the USSR's attempt at a "Manned Lunar Landing". the document states as follows: "In our most recent estimate on the Soviet space program, referenced above, we specifically considered the possibility that the USSR had underway a manned lunar landing program in competition with Project Apollo. The paragraphs from the estimate in which we dealt with this possibility appear below." Ten more pages of some eye opening information continue below with some of it redacted... Wonder what could've been said that had to be covered up before public release..
Lastly, members of a society some of you may not have heard of called Society for Planetary SETI Research or (SPSR) published a paper in the Journal of Space Exploration that talks about unusual structures on the far side of the Moon by the Paracelsus C crater stating: "The authors present an analysis of Apollo 15 and Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter images of two unusual features in the crater Paracelsus C on the far side of the moon. At first glance these structures appear to be walls or towers on the lunar surface. By combining multiple images, we show the larger feature, oriented in a northeast/southwest direction, is not simply a wall but two walls on either side of a narrow valley or “passageway”. Using single image shape from shading and 3D terrain visualization we show in a computer-generated perspective view looking northeast that the southwest end appears to be the entrance to the passageway. A reverse angle view looking southwest shows the passageway ending at a rise of terrain at the other end, possibly leading underground." From everything within this what's essentially an article now, it seems pretty clear to me that there's a lot more activity on the Moon than we initially thought. I find it insane that they're able to have this information right under our noses yet no-one talks about it. If the mainstream media dropped all these documents on the news, the entire world would be in an uproar. If everything provided here is 100% factual then the public really ought to know.
In a world succumbing to censorship, information like this is never talked about by the mainstream media, and it's even harder to find on the internet. Journalists who try bringing this sort of thing to light such as the great Julian Assange, (who no-one seems to be talking about) is suffering the wrath of the Criminal "Justice" system. According the New York Post: (I know I'm gonna get trouble for using them but lets just hear them out) Julian Assange 'very high' suicide risk if extradited to US, psychiatrist tells court. But you don't see that stuff all over the face of the News. Instead we're pushed things meant to divide us and bring us fear so they can control us. The people shouldn't be scared of their government, the government should be afraid of its people. We the people have the right to know what's going on, on and around our planet.
If you've made it this far and have even skimmed through most of the links I've provided, hopefully I've opened your mind to some new possibilities in our world and I urge you to take the time to further your research into it. There's a lot out there happening in our world that we don't know about that could change everything. It's the fact that these things can change everything is what makes it so scary and hard to accept, so instead of keeping an open mind people will try to reject it and down play it because they've been living in this dystopia for so long. Anything that seems almost science fiction we can't seem to comprehend, everything I've stated in this what's now an "article" I guess? I personally believe to be true. The events in our world are an enigma in and of themselves, the people need to rise against the government if we want this to end..
P.S. I went way off topic but there was just so much information that I came across I had to throw it all in here and before I knew it I had an essay on my hands. Not sure how many characters Reddit allows in one post but I hope this all makes it, if it does I hope people actually take the time to read this.
submitted by SpasticChips to HighStrangeness [link] [comments]